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Sosiale wetenskappe: geskiedenis

Graad 6

Ontdekkingsreise in afrika

Module 10

‘donker afrika’ lok baie avonturiers

Aktiwiteit 1:

Om meegaande bronne te bestudeer en dan verslag daaroor te doen

[lu 1.1, 1.2, 1.3]

Gebruik die volgende tien bronne (of bekom nog bronne), sodat jy die opdrag later kan uitvoer.

BRON A - Ontdekking van die wêreld

Europa en Britse Eilande

Noord-Amerika

China

Amerika

Australië

Binneland van Afrika

Noord- en Suidpool

BRON B - Ontdekkers van Afrika

1 Ontdekkers v.C.
2 Suid-Afrikaners
3 Mungo Park
4 Twee Landers
5 Burton, Speke, Grant, Baker
6 Livingstone
7 Stanley

BRON C - “Enkele ontdekkings” in Afrika

ONTDEKKINGSREISIGER DATUM(S) PLEKKE BESOEK
1. Park 1805 – 6 Gambia en Nigerrivier
2. Campbell 1813 Oranjerivier
3. Moffat 1820 Griekwastad en Kuruman
4. Caillil 1827 – 8 Timbuktu
5. Die Lander broers 1830 Nigerrivier
6. Galton en Andersson 1850 – 2 Walvisbaai, Namaqualand, Rehoboth, Damaraland en Ovamboland
7. Burton en Speke 1857 – 8 Tanganyikameer
8. Speke 1858 Victoriameer
9. Rohlfs 1879 – 9 Nylrivier
10. Thomson 1879 – 80 Malawimeer
11. Thomson 1883 – 4 Kilimanjaro
12. Stanley 1887 – 9 Zan zibar
13. Forreau 1898 – 1900 Kongorivier

BRON D - Ontdekkers van Suidelike Afrika

600 v.C.1485 1488 1497 1652 ::::: Farão IIDiogo Cão stuur seemanne na Afrika DiasDa GamaJan van Riebeeck

BRON E - Francois le Vaillant (1753 – 1784)

BRON F – Thunberg (1771– 1779)

Hy besoek Mosselbaai, Plettenbergbaai, Namakwaland, Damaraland, Betsjoeanaland en die Kalahari.

Hy besoek die volgende plekke: Bergrivier, Knysna, Gamtoosrivier, Saldanha, St. Helenabaai, Hexrivierberge, Swellendam, Kromrivier, Sondagsrivier

BRON G – Mungo Park (1805 – 1806)

Die mense is eerste gelok na Afrika deur die stad van rykdom, Timboektoe en om die oorsprong van die Nigerrivier te vind. In 1794 is Mungo Park (Skotland) gekies om dié twee geheime te gaan opklaar. Sy reis het goed begin, maar later is hy besteel en in ‘n tronk gegooi deur van die plaaslike regeerders. Hy het later wel daarin geslaag om te ontsnap en bereik tog die Nigerrivier. Sy ervaringe het hy opgeteken in sy boek: Travels in the Interior Districts of Africa . Sy tweede ekspedisie het in 1805 begin en het rampspoedig geëindig toe Park en sy manne verdrink het nadat hulle deur soldate aangeval is. Tot 1830 het mense probeer om die oorsprong van die Nigerrivier te vind, maar hulle was onsuksesvol.

BRON H – René Caillié (1827 – 1828)

‘n Fransman, René Caillié, het gereageer op die beloning van 10 000 frank. In April 1828 bereik hy Timboektoe om uit te vind dat die stad verarm het en dat die handelskaravane nie meer die plek besoek het nie. René het wel sy beloning ontvang.

BRON I – 1740–1838

Ses mense sterf in die soektog na die oorsprong van die Nigerrivier:

D. HughtonM. ParkF. HornemannJ. RitchieW. OudneyH. Clapperton

BRON J – BURTON, GRANT EN SPEKE

Vir miljoene mense was die Nylrivier in Egipte ‘n belangrike bron van lewe. Elke dag het die mense van die Nyl se water gebruik, maar die oorsprong het altyd ‘n groot geheim gebly. Reeds van vroeg af het die mense probeer om die oorsprong te vind, maar was onsuksesvol as gevolg van groot afstande, kwaai hitte en koors wat die mense oorval het. Ptolemaeus se kaart met die Maanberge het avontuursoekers geprikkel om na die oorsprong te gaan soek.

Questions & Answers

how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
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Maciej
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s. Reply
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Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
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Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
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CYNTHIA
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s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
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s.
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SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
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s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
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Cied
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Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
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Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
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Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
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Prasenjit
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Damian
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Damian
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Azam
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I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
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Source:  OpenStax, Geskiedenis graad 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 08, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11008/1.1
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