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Lewensoriëntering

Graad 4

Fisiese ontwikkeling en beweging

Module 17

Veiligheid in en by die water

Waterveiligheid

Groepsaktiwiteit 1

Om kennis te neem van die inhoud van ‘n koerantberig [lu 4.5]

Lees die volgende uittreksel uit die KleinBurger van 26 Augustus 2002:

Voorkom ongelukke tuis

Ongelukke waarby kinders soos julle betrokke is, gebeur net ver van die huis ………………. verkeerd.

Omtrent 75% van die ongelukke wat julle moontlik kan oorkom, gebeur om en in die huis. Ongeveer tien kinders jonger as 15 sterf daagliks as gevolg van motorongelukke, verdrinking, vergiftiging, brandwonde en geweld.

Jammer vir die aaklige nuus. Maar hoe anders kan julle bewus word van die feite? CAPFSA (Child Accident Prevention Foundation) staan jaarliks ‘n week af om hierdie skokfeite aan die publiek bekend te maak sodat almal kan probeer om hierdie onaanvaarbaar hoë voorkoms van ongelukke en sterftes te voorkom.

Jul veiligheid het niks met geluk te doen nie. Daar is sekere reëls wat julle en jul ouers ernstig moet opneem en kan volg.

Dalk moet jy soms jou jonger boeties of sussies oppas wanneer jou ouers uitgaan. Die inligting en wenke wat deur Nelmarie du Toit by CAPFSA aan KleinBurger gegee is, geld vir jou eie en die veiligheid van ander wat jy soms moet oppas. Plak dit gerus teen jou kasdeur.

Verdrinking

Vind meestal plaas in riviere, dan in damme en dan in swembaddens. Klein kinders moet nooit alleen in die bad gelaat word nie. Emmers water wat rondstaan, wag vir ‘n kind om te verdrink.

Brandwonde

Die Rooi Kruis-kinderhospitaal behandel jaarliks ongeveer 900 kinders vir brandwonde wat eintlik NIE MOES GEBEUR HET NIE.

Warm vloeistowwe soos water, koffie, olie, tee en ander kossoorte veroorsaak meeste brandwonde.

Tap altyd eerste die koue en dan die warm water in die bad.

Onthou: vuurhoutjies, aanstekers en vuur is nie speelgoed nie!

As jou klere aan die brand raak, moet jy stilstaan, val en rol om die vlamme te blus.

Indien jy ‘n brandwond opgedoen het, kan jy dit 15 minute lank met koue water verkoel.

Vergiftiging

Die hoofoorsaak van vergiftiging is medisyne, paraffien en ander skoonmaakmiddels wat op plekke gebêre word waar julle maklik kan rondsnuffel. (Dus, kinders se stoutigheid moet ophou, want Klein Burger is seker Ma het al dikwels gesê julle mag nie in hierdie of daardie kas krap nie!)

Met klein kinders in die huis moet ‘n mens altyd ekstra versigtig wees; hulle draai enige bottel oop.

Gifstowwe moet nooit saam met kos in dieselfde kas gebêre word nie.

Val

Meer as 40% van alle beserings wat by die Rooi Kruis-Kinderhospitaal behandel word, is as gevolg van val ­ val uit bome, babas wat op hoë plekke alleen gelaat word en dan afval, en kinders wat van apparaat op die speelterrein afval.

As julle nog meer oor veiligheid vir kinders wil lees, kan julle die webtuiste van CAPFSA besoek by : www.altonsa.co.za/childsafe.

Groepaktiwiteit 2

Om as ‘n groep oor veiligheidsmaatreëls in water te gesels

[lu 4.5]

Bespreek in gonsgroepe die gevare wat water vir kinders kan inhou.

Maak nou ‘n lys van 10 reëls vir die voorkoming van waterongelukke .

Ruil die idees van die verskillende groepe onder mekaar uit.

Die klas kan dan saam die 10 beste reëls op ‘n plakkaat uitskryf en teen die klaskamermuur opsit.

Assessering

LEERUITKOMS 4: LIGGAAMLIKE ONTWIKKELING EN BEWEGING

Die leerder is in staat om begrip te toon vir en deel te neem aan aktiwiteite wat beweging en liggaamlike ontwikkeling bevorder.

Assesseringstandaard

Dit is duidelik wanneer die leerder

4.5 gevare en verantwoordelike veiligheidsmaatreëls in en naby water identifiseer.

Questions & Answers

do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Lewensorientering graad 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 18, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11095/1.1
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