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Natuurwetenskappe

Graad 4

Lewe en lewenswyse

Module 17

Die spysverteringstelsel

Aktiwiteit:

Om kennis te maak met die mens se spysverteringstelsel en enkele belangrike daarin te benoem

[lu 2.1]

Kom ons kyk hoe werk die spysverteringstelsel. Jou liggaam het voedsel nodig om te groei en gesond te bly. Daar is ‘n lang buis wat van jou mond af dwarsdeur jou liggaam loop tot by die opening waar die kos die liggaam verlaat. Die boonste deel van die buis is taamlik reguit, maar die onderste deel is redelik gekronkel. Daar gebeur verskeie dinge met jou kos terwyl dit deur hierdie buis gaan.

Wanneer jy die kos kou, maal jou tande dit fyn en met behulp van die speeksel kan jy dit afsluk.

Nou word die kos deur die slukderm na die maag gestoot. Daar is spiere in die wande van die slukderm wat outomaties saamtrek om die kos aan te stoot. Ons noem hierdie beweging peristalse .

Die kos word in die maag deur die spiere in die maagwand gemeng, fyngemaal en geroer.

In die dunderm word die voedingstowwe uit die kos gehaal en met die bloed na die lewer en ander liggaamsdele vervoer.

Die orige kos beweeg nou deur die dikderm en alle voedsel wat jou liggaam nie nodig het nie, word deur die liggaam uitgeskei.

Opdrag:

Voltooi die skets deur byskrifte in te vul

Skryf ‘n goeie sin om te verduidelik waarom babas net van melk kan leef.

Assessering

LU 2

KONSTRUKSIE VAN WETENSKAPKENNIS Die leerder ken, interpreteer en pas wetenskaplike, tegnologiese en omgewingskennis toe.

 

Dit is duidelik wanneer die leerder:

2.1   betekenisvolle inligting onthou;

2.2       inligting kategoriseer.

 

Memorandum

DIE SPYSVERTERINGSTELSEL

  1. Mond
  2. Slukderm
  3. Maag
  4. Dunderm
  5. Dikderm

Questions & Answers

Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Natuurwetenskappe graad 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 18, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11097/1.1
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