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Aardrykskunde

Graad 4

Hulpbronne en dienste in ‘n nedersetting

Module 18

Munisipale dienste

Munisipale dienste

‘n Verskeidenheid dienste word deur die plaaslike regering (munisipaliteit) aan ‘n gemeenskap gelewer. Kan jy dalk aan dinge dink wat die munisipale werkers in jou omgewing op ‘n gereelde basis doen?

Aktiwiteit 1

Om vas te stel watter dienste mense van ‘n munisipale owerheid verwag

[lu 2.2, 2.3]

Verdeel julle klas in ‘n aantal werkgroepe en onderneem ‘n MENINGSOPNAME onder VOLWASSE PERSONE waarmee julle probeer vasstel wat mense se verwagting van ‘n plaaslike owerheid is. Maak seker dat julle mense met 'n lae, gemiddelde sowel as ‘n bo-gemiddelde inkomste ondervra.

Sluit vrae soos die volgende in:

  • Noem VIER REDES waarom jy eerder in ‘n STEDELIKE GEBIED as op die platteland wil bly.
  • Watter VIER DIENSTE is na jou mening die BELANGRIKSTE wat die munisipaliteit moet lewer?
  • Watter dienste van die munisipaliteit is na jou mening OORBODIG?
  • SLUIT OOK ‘N VRAAG OF TWEE VAN JUL EIE KEUSE IN.

Maak nou ‘n lys van ten minste ses dienste wat mense van hul plaaslike munisipaliteit verwag.

D ie dienste in ‘n goed beplande stad of groot dorp

Aktiwiteit 2

Om te bepaal watter dienste die belangrikste is [lu 3.2, 3.3]

Behuising
Elektrisiteitsverskaffing
Grond vir opvoeding
Nywerheidsgrond
Ontspanningsgebiede
Riolering
Rommelbestuur
Sakesentrums
Vervoerdienste
Watervoorsiening
Hou gou ‘n GROEPBESPREKING en besluit op die belangrikheid van elkeen van die volgende dienste. Skryf dan die rangorde (1 belangrikste tot 9) in die blokkies.‘n Woordvoerder van elke groep moet dan die DRIE BELANGRIKSTE dienste en die ONBELANGRIKSTE een uitwys en sy groep se keuse MOTIVEER.

Assessering

LEERUITKOMS 2: AARDRYKSKUNDIGE KENNIS EN BEGRIP

Die leerder is in staat om aardrykskundige en omgewingskennis en -begrip te toon.

Assesseringstandaard

Dis duidelik wanneer die leerder

2.2 die belangrikheid beskryf van toegang tot hulpbronne en dienste;

  • kan beskryf hoe daar in die verlede in basiese menslike behoeftes voorsien is en hoe dit in die hede gebeur [mense en omgewing].

LEERUITKOMS 3: VERKENNING VAN VRAAGSTUKKE

Die leerder is in staat om ingeligte besluite oor sosiale en omgewingsvraagstukke en –probleme te neem.

Assesseringstandaard

Dis duidelik wanneer die leerder

3.2 faktore identifiseer wat veroorsaak dat sommige mense in ‘n spesifieke konteks groter toegang tot hulpbronne het as ander;

3.3 voorstelle maak oor hoe toegang tot hulpbronne in ‘n spesifieke konteks verbeter kan word.

Memorandum

Munisipale dienste

  • Vullisverwydering
  • Paaie bou en herstel
  • Parke
  • Gras sny op sypaadjies
  • Strate vee

Questions & Answers

how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Aardrykskunde graad 4. OpenStax CNX. Oct 21, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11083/1.2
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