<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

Geography

Grade 5

Resources

Module 21

Resources and wealth

  • Research has shown that Gauteng is the wealthiest province in South Africa, with KwaZulu-Natal coming second. The Western Cape comes third. The wealth of a town / province / country is measured by the total amount of money that all the factories, mines and business enterprises earn when their products are sold. If we take another look at the map on page 7, which shows the distribution of minerals in South Africa, it is easy to understand why Gauteng and KwaZulu-Natal are first and second. Almost all of the mineral wealth of our country is concentrated in these two provinces.

What does the Western Cape have in the place of mineral wealth?

What makes it wealthy?

  1. Fertile soil and regular winter rains make agriculture the single largest source of income for the province.
  2. People working in many factories process natural resources from their own environment, from other provinces and from abroad.
  3. Tourism is another important source of income. It is the beaches, the natural beauty and the cultural treasures of Cape Town and its surroundings that attract both South African and foreign tourists to the Western Cape.
  4. Resources can only be utilised if there are people to do it. Ninety-four percent of the people of the Western Cape are literate. This means that they can easily be trained to do new / different work. (In Gauteng, 92% of the people are literate and in the Eastern Cape 72% are.) The well-trained people of the Western Cape therefore form a fourth important resource.

It is very advantageous for a country if its products can be exported to other countries. Most agricultural products, especially fruit and processed fruit, are exported, as well as many other products that are manufactured in factories.

Many tourists also come from abroad. One could say that the Western Cape “exports its natural beauty”.

Activity 1:

To market my town as a tourist attraction

[lo 1.7]

Collect pamphlets, news reports and photos of interesting things in your environment.

Do research on the tourist attractions of your town or area and write a brief information sheet that can be given to prospective visitors or tourists.

Draw a simple sketch map of the route to the attractions in your town. (Remember what you have learnt about map work and apply that knowledge now.)

Group work

What can be done to improve tourism to your town or area? Try to make three suggestions.

The ten main export industries of the Western Cape (year 2000)

(R million) Percentage
Fresh fruit 2 240 15,25
Wine and spirits 1 600 10,00
Fish 1 300 8,18
Iron and steel products 1 100 6,88
Processed fruit and vegetables (e.g. fruit juice) 1 020 6,38
Explosives and related products 720 4,50
Jewellery and processed semi-precious stones 430 2,69
Clothing 410 2,56
Leather and leather products 400 2,50
Textiles 390 2,44
The rest: is a large number of smaller categories ** 6 190 38,67
Total 16 000 100,00

** Among the smaller categories of products are boats, plastic goods, electronic equipment, furniture, meat and chemicals.

Let’s examine the list of export products:

What percentage of products from the Western Cape is derived directly or indirectly from the fruit industry?_________________________%

Underline the correct answer: The main reason for the high percentage of income from fruit can be found in (the climate / imported resources).

Agriculture as an important employer

Agriculture is very important as a provider of work in the Western Cape. Approximately 163 000 people are employed on farms. Together, they earn about R 180 million per month, while supporting about 700 000 dependants. Agriculture also provides a large amount of produce to factories where it is processed. This provides further job opportunities. There are many factories in which equipment and other aids for farming are produced. This also provides more work.

Unfortunately developments in agricultural technology also exact a toll. Because more machines are used in production, about 5 000 jobs on farms have been lost between 1997 and 2001.

Activity 2:

To investigate the social problems that result from unemployment

[lo 1.6; 2.2]

Form groups for discussing the social problems that stem from unemployment. Also try to collect news reports on this issue and discuss them in class. Then write a short paragraph on this problem.

Make suggestions for solutions to the problems of unemployed people.

Assessment

LO 1

GEOGRAPHICAL ENQUIRY

The learner will be able to use enquiry skills to investigate geographical and environmental concepts and processes.

We know this when the learner:

1.1 with guidance, selects and uses sources of useful geographical information [finds sources];

1.2 distinguishes between facts and opinions [works with sources];

1.3 categorises information [works with sources];

1.4 uses an index to find places on global atlas maps [works with sources];

1.6 identifies and explores possible solutions to problems [answers the question];

1.7 demonstrates knowledge and under-standing of the issue through projects, discussion, debate and charts [communicates the answer].

LO 2

GEOGRAPHICAL KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING

The learner will be able to demonstrate geographical and environmental knowledge and understanding.

We know this when the learner:

2.2 identifies links between natural resources and economic activities in South Africa [people and resources];

2.3 describes ways in which the physical environment influences human activity and how human activity is influenced by the physical environment [people and the environment

Memorandum

ACTIVITY 1

EXPORT PRODUCTS:

  • 31,63%
  • Climate

ACTIVITY 2

  • Gangster activities – drugs, theft, violence
  • Frustration – family violence

Questions & Answers

how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
why surface tension is zero at critical temperature
Shanjida
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Good
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
QuizOver.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!





Source:  OpenStax, Social sciences: geography grade 5. OpenStax CNX. Sep 23, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10986/1.2
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Social sciences: geography grade 5' conversation and receive update notifications?

Ask