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Other critics oppose globalization for what they see as negative impacts on the environment and local economies. Rapid industrialization, often a key component of globalization, can lead to widespread economic damage due to the lack of regulatory environment (Speth 2003). Further, as there are often no social institutions in place to protect workers in countries where jobs are scarce, some critics state that globalization leads to weak labor movements (Boswell and Stevis 1997). Finally, critics are concerned that wealthy countries can force economically weaker nations to open their markets while protecting their own local products from competition (Wallerstein 1974). This can be particularly true of agricultural products, which are often one of the main exports of poor and developing countries (Koroma 2007). In a 2007 article for the United Nations, Koroma discusses the difficulties faced by “least developed countries” (LDCs) that seek to participate in globalization efforts. These countries typically lack the infrastructure to be flexible and nimble in their production and trade, and therefore are vulnerable to everything from unfavorable weather conditions to international price volatility. In short, rather than offering them more opportunities, the increased competition and fast pace of a globalized market can make it more challenging than ever for LDCs to move forward (Koroma 2007).

The increasing use of outsourcing of manufacturing and service-industry jobs to developing countries has caused increased unemployment in some developed countries. Countries that do not develop new jobs to replace those that move, and train their labor force to do them, will find support for globalization weakening.

Summary

Globalization refers to the process of integrating governments, cultures, and financial markets through international trade into a single world market. There are benefits and drawbacks to globalization. Often the countries that fare the worst are those that depend on natural resource extraction for their wealth. Many critics fear globalization gives too much power to multinational corporations and that political decisions are influenced by these major financial players.

Short answer

What impact has globalization had on the music you listen to, the books you read, or the movies or television you watch?

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What effect can immigration have on the economy of a developing country?

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Is globalization a danger to local cultures? Why, or why not?

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Further research

The World Social Forum (WSF) was created in response to the creation of the World Economic Forum (WEF). The WSF is a coalition of organizations dedicated to the idea of a worldwide civil society and presents itself as an alternative to WEF, which it says is too focused on capitalism. To learn more about the WSF, check out (External Link)

References

Abedian, Araj. 2002. “Economic Globalization: Some Pros and Cons.” Papers from the Sixth Conference of the International Environment Forum, World Summit on Sustainable Development. Johannesburg, South Africa. Retrieved January 24, 2012 ( (External Link) ).

Bakan, Joel. 2004. The Corporation: The Pathological Pursuit of Profit and Power . New York: Free Press.

Bhagwati, Jagdish. 2004. In Defense of Globalization . New York: Oxford University Press.

Boswell, Terry and Dimitris Stevis. 1997. “Globalization and International Labor Organization.” Work and Occupations 24:288–308.

Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). 2014. "The World Factbook: Country Comparison: GDP Per Capita (PPP)." Retrieved December 15, 2014. ( (External Link) ).

Koroma, Suffyan. 2007. “Globalization, Agriculture, and the Least Developed Countries.” United Nations Ministerial Conference on the Least Developed Countries. Istanbul, Turkey.

Plahe, Jagjit. 2005. “The Global Commodity Chain Approach (GCC) Approach and the Organizational Transformation of Agriculture.” Monash University. Retrieved February 6, 2012 ( (External Link) ).

Parks, James. 2011. “Report: NAFTA Has Cost 683,000 Jobs and Counting,” AFL-CIO Blog, May 3. Retrieved February 6, 2012 ( (External Link) ).

Sassen, Saskia. 2001. The Global City: New York, London, Tokyo . Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Speth, James G., ed. 2003. Worlds Apart: Globalization and the Environment . Washington, DC: Island Press.

The United Nations: Department of Economic and Social Affairs. 1973. “Multinational Corporations in World Development.” New York: United Nations Publication.

Wallerstein, Immanuel. 1974. The Modern World System . New York: Academic Press.

Questions & Answers

can I just have the terms of the different families
Its Reply
important of sociology in the society
Maxine Reply
what are the need of sociology for uneducated people like velliger people who living beside the cities?
Abshar Reply
who is durkheim
Sherie Reply
Émile Durkheim One of the Founding Father (1858-1917) His ideas on the • Division of Labor • Sociological Method • Suicide • Religion
Christopher
what do you mean by the perspective of education
aditya Reply
educational perspectives is a not-for-profit international education  research organizations, which extends to institutions & organizations who wish to enroll international students, license someone who has completed their education in another country, or even offer them employment
Holly
can you suggest any sociologist who gave this idea in brief
aditya
what is optimum theory
Ghulam
Auguste Comte. The French philosopher Auguste Comte (1798–1857) First founder
Holly
Auguste Comte is seen as the father of sociology. He was well versed in Comte: Charles Darwin's Origin of the Species
Holly
The three founding fathers of sociology are Emile Durkheim, Max Weber, and Karl Marx.
Holly
there is also mother founders too who was Harriet Martineau. She was considered the "Mother" of sociology & the first to be able to translate the work of the early sociological theorists into English. Harriet's translations were very crucial to the development of American sociology.
Holly
Emile Durkheim (1858—1917) was a Frenchman sociologist. Whom rose to prominence in the late 19th and early 20thcenturies.
Holly
The optimum theroy is a population that had appeared as a reaction to the Malthusian theroy, which had criticizing the approach of the Malthusian theroy of Population, modern economists Edwin Cannan & Carr Saunders of London.
Holly
what is the subject matter of sociology?
Ajazul
the subject matter of sociology is to process human association. When Comtel came up with the name of "sociology," & parallel. it was subsequent attempts a definite content & one mode of attack was upon the proposed science has been denial.
Holly
tell me more about George Hebert Mead please
Taina
he is the schooler
Tanimu
George Herbert Mead was believed to have thought peoples develop self-images via interaction with other people. He argued that the self, which is the part of a person's personality consisting of self-awareness & self-image, is a product of social experience.
Holly
thanx a lot Holly Marie.
Ajazul
what's about the history of sociology?
Ajazul
who is George Herbert Mead ?
Ajazul
a sociologist
Taina
is father founder.
Tanimu
what's about. George Herbert Mead ?
Ajazul
who is the father of sociology? you know we are dealing with the fathers.
Tanimu
August Comte
Rhoda
Please suggest me topics for thesis?
WAJID Reply
what is the relevent important of sociology of education in a training teacher
ADAM
socio-cultural problem of single mother's ?
Sumbul
Wajid which locality do you belong to? It should be relavent to the issues you and your community experiences.
Sadiq
Adam Adamu what do you mean by a training teacher?
Sadiq
what is need of sociology in Pakistani culture
Abshar
Sumbul Khan there are numerous problums faced by the single mothers in a particular society. Most of the times when there is no support and protection, They both will be unsecure in numerous ways i.e educationaly, financialy, health wise, and will be prone to moral degradation and harrasment...
Sadiq
Is sociology a good optional subject for upsc ?
sohit
At Abshar khan, see, a layman cannot understand the society the way a sociologist did..a critical understand is necessary for solving the core issues or problems of the society.
Sumbul
On the other hand as we know that cultur is a way of life so the single mother with her children would be devalued if there is lack of morality there should be numerous factors contributing to the it, different social setup creats different cultural problems as it is a relative phenomenon.
Sadiq
At sadiq,thank you for your explanation but that's the topic name I am suggesting to Wajid for his thesis.
Sumbul
Oh! Realy anyway it is a good one.
Sadiq
sumbul why we will learning eng. Eng is not our colligue language. our culture is following English normally when we study in schools college it's will most important that we will learn English but I think this is not imptnt that if we will learn our colegue language I mean Hindi,chinese,pushto ?
Abshar
The Socio-Psychological impacts of internet uses on illiterate teenagers.
Sadiq
@Abshar see It's a truth that we are using English language more than even our own language,but today's generation want job and money(vch is must for our survival)vch our country is unfortunate wouldn't able to provide us..and fr the better standard of living v have to move in some other countries.
Sumbul
to create a peaceful environment all country members and others should come together and resolve all the problems that occurs across the countries
aditya
okkk tnx Mam
Abshar
Hey, I am very thankful for your support and guidance.
WAJID
Sadiq, My supervisor rejected that topic because many students have already done it. You can please suggest another one to me.
WAJID
when you talk of sociology, it's too large to talk about
AUDU
My supervisor rejected almost 20 topics which i have recommended.
WAJID
I am very thankful for ur better guidance and ur material
Ghulam
u can suggest sir another topics plz
Ghulam
Sociology
Ghulam
Sir tomarrow i have exam plz send me caste and class topic
Ghulam
is sociology have any relationship with geology
Ghulam
sociology is the mother of all social sciences and yes there are some basic relationship of sociology with geology.
Roohullah
yes definitely
Sadiq
geology is a general science or particular science
Ghulam
sociology has a pattern of social relationships, social interaction & culture. The term was introduced by a Frenchman called Auguste Compte during the 1830s, in which he suggested a synthetic science uniting allknowledge about human activity. It development, structure & functioning of human society
Holly
Roohullah khan, Can you please elaborate further?
WAJID
Holly, suggest me topics for thesis?
WAJID
send me topics of caste and class system
Ghulam
anybody knows Spanish🙁
Nolissa Reply
little words Google translater helps lol
Holly
this is not a language forum
Floxy
define stereotype with an example?
Bernard Reply
it's a mistaken idea or belief that several people have about something.
aditya
what kind of idea? please be more specific
Bernard
stereotypes can be seen by an over-generalized belief about a particular group of people i.e when we make quick decisions, they may be erroneous when applied to particular individuals. It can also encourage prejudice & may arise for a number of reasons.
Holly
the generalization of group of streotype because of the certain beliefs of other groups?
Bernard
Identifing someone or something based on race, ethnicity, gender, etc (generally physically) therefore (for example) if there is a Muslim kid wearing traditional clothing, you cannot identify that person as a terrorist based on their appearance. You cannot judge a book by its cover basically...
SATROHAN
if i say stereotypes based on race lead to racism, gender lead to sexism/ masculinity/feminism, and ageism like young and adults is that correct?
Bernard
What is Cultural Revivalism ?
aditya
It refers to the formation of a group identity which is around a common culture. Which is recovered after losses that are due to colonization, forced or voluntary relocation, oppression, or modernization
Holly
how is emergency of sociology linked with modernization of Europe ?
aditya Reply
hello everyone am francis
Francis Reply
what is value in sociology
aditya Reply
Its give us to know about every field of human interaction
Akak
it's the Importantance and lasting beliefs or ideals which are shared by the members of a culture about what is good or bad & desirable or undesirable. Values are deemed a major influence on which a person's behavior & attitude can serve as a broad guidelines in all situations.
Holly
what is meant by folkways
Akak
folkways are customs or conventions in everyday life, from different types of social norm & expectations for how we act. Sociology, folkways can generally be discussed in contrast to mores because they are both types of social norms & can vary from traditional behaviour or way of life.
Holly
folkways is a type of deviant that has no too strong sanctions applied when an act is committed by a person in a society.
Christopher
what are the examples of folkways
Yunusa
what is meant by inter generational and intra generational mobility
Akak
examples of folkways are to coercive force by shaping our values, beliefs, behavior, and interactions. Religions also have prohibitions on cohabitating with a romantic partner before marriage.
Holly
intergenerational mobility can refer to any changes in which family's social position between generations & contrast to intragenerational  mobility, of which is a person's social movement within his/hers lifetime.
Holly
what is social status ?
Sarah Reply
individuals possession
Akak
possession of wealth and degree ?
Sarah
human view...that is whatever u r belong too
Akak
ok thnx
Sarah
Your social status in your social environment.
Muhib
social status is an individual materialistic wealth
Sumbul
Race, birth, Caste these social status...
Dr.
Your social status is where you appear on the socialogical map and can effect everything from the schools you can go to or the way you are treated?
James
we all have a sense of system in which society, social classentails determination a person's social class, which is based on socioeconomic variables that is mainly income, wealth and education
Holly
what is social justice
Adabara
social justice is in terms a distribution of wealth, opportunities & privileges that is within a society of individuality. Which gives way to the struggle to social justice.
Holly
what is social mobility
Akak
In my opinion, it's like your ability to move up or down the social ladder in society depending on the way you handle your finances or assets
Nolissa
what is value in sociology?
aditya
Also, social mobility is attained or ascribed.
Justbe
value is the thing cherish in the society
Adu
what is belief
Ghulam
what is clan
Ghulam
Faith, for many it is belief without knowing.
Leonard
what is role
Ghulam
what is commodifiction
Ghulam
Commodify- Make natural resources a Commodity- A product for the soul purpose of profiteering.
Leonard
what is meant by social class
Akak
Established role
WAJID
recent changes in indian caste
Ghulam
what is the relevance importance of sociology of education in a training teacher ?
ADAM
sociol status is ascribed or achieved
Ghulam
@ghulam hassan ineed good essay on social status
Sarah
to know how in interaction with his students with their behaviours
Ibrahim
in the us there is on advertage 6 social classes, they are upper class, new money, middle class, poverty, working poor, working class. a div ision of a society based on social and economic status. it also means different walks of life .
Holly
what is meant by crime
Ghulam
commodification is a transformation of goods, services, ideas & people.
Holly
Clan is a close-knit of people especially in the scottlish Highlanders.
Holly
crime is an act of that is carried out by a person or group of people & is an illegal action or activity which is punishable by law
Holly
social mobility is layers & layers of movement which is defined by families, households or other categories of people.it can also be seen as social class, individuals earnings & family incomes
Holly
a role is a behaviour in which individual occupies a social status & comprehensive behaviour.
Holly
the role of a sociology teacher is so that he/she can get a clear understanding of there students background & there educational experiences
Holly
belief is something we all have in everyday life from trust religion confidence acceptance of if something exists or not it can be anything
Holly
what is culture
Mohammad Reply
is the total way of life
Tanimu
manners and art that are favored by social group
Twum
Man made part of environment is called culture
WAJID
defferentiat b/w sociology and anthropology.
Tanimu
what is the meaning of culture
Nithin Reply
culture in it's simplest term means the people way of life
Floxy
Culture is thd way of life people of a given society live on.
Sadiq
culture differs from society to society. when u hear or see a particular culture of a group of people. it will b easy for u to know th particular society dat has the culture. hope I tried. correction is allowed.
Floxy
man made enviorment is called culture
Ismail
man made enviorment is called culture
Ismail
defferentiat b/w culture and society
Tanimu
hello what is the different between crime and offence
Floxy Reply
crime refers to the actions of committing the mistakes but offense refers to the words of committing the mistakes
Bee
subject matter and nature of sociology ..can u plz help m
Inoto
social interaction and intergration
Tilahun

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Source:  OpenStax, Introduction to sociology 2e. OpenStax CNX. Jan 20, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11762/1.6
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