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Other critics oppose globalization for what they see as negative impacts on the environment and local economies. Rapid industrialization, often a key component of globalization, can lead to widespread economic damage due to the lack of regulatory environment (Speth 2003). Further, as there are often no social institutions in place to protect workers in countries where jobs are scarce, some critics state that globalization leads to weak labor movements (Boswell and Stevis 1997). Finally, critics are concerned that wealthy countries can force economically weaker nations to open their markets while protecting their own local products from competition (Wallerstein 1974). This can be particularly true of agricultural products, which are often one of the main exports of poor and developing countries (Koroma 2007). In a 2007 article for the United Nations, Koroma discusses the difficulties faced by “least developed countries” (LDCs) that seek to participate in globalization efforts. These countries typically lack the infrastructure to be flexible and nimble in their production and trade, and therefore are vulnerable to everything from unfavorable weather conditions to international price volatility. In short, rather than offering them more opportunities, the increased competition and fast pace of a globalized market can make it more challenging than ever for LDCs to move forward (Koroma 2007).

The increasing use of outsourcing of manufacturing and service-industry jobs to developing countries has caused increased unemployment in some developed countries. Countries that do not develop new jobs to replace those that move, and train their labor force to do them, will find support for globalization weakening.

Summary

Globalization refers to the process of integrating governments, cultures, and financial markets through international trade into a single world market. There are benefits and drawbacks to globalization. Often the countries that fare the worst are those that depend on natural resource extraction for their wealth. Many critics fear globalization gives too much power to multinational corporations and that political decisions are influenced by these major financial players.

Short answer

What impact has globalization had on the music you listen to, the books you read, or the movies or television you watch?

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What effect can immigration have on the economy of a developing country?

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Is globalization a danger to local cultures? Why, or why not?

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Further research

The World Social Forum (WSF) was created in response to the creation of the World Economic Forum (WEF). The WSF is a coalition of organizations dedicated to the idea of a worldwide civil society and presents itself as an alternative to WEF, which it says is too focused on capitalism. To learn more about the WSF, check out (External Link)

References

Abedian, Araj. 2002. “Economic Globalization: Some Pros and Cons.” Papers from the Sixth Conference of the International Environment Forum, World Summit on Sustainable Development. Johannesburg, South Africa. Retrieved January 24, 2012 ( (External Link) ).

Bakan, Joel. 2004. The Corporation: The Pathological Pursuit of Profit and Power . New York: Free Press.

Bhagwati, Jagdish. 2004. In Defense of Globalization . New York: Oxford University Press.

Boswell, Terry and Dimitris Stevis. 1997. “Globalization and International Labor Organization.” Work and Occupations 24:288–308.

Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). 2014. "The World Factbook: Country Comparison: GDP Per Capita (PPP)." Retrieved December 15, 2014. ( (External Link) ).

Koroma, Suffyan. 2007. “Globalization, Agriculture, and the Least Developed Countries.” United Nations Ministerial Conference on the Least Developed Countries. Istanbul, Turkey.

Plahe, Jagjit. 2005. “The Global Commodity Chain Approach (GCC) Approach and the Organizational Transformation of Agriculture.” Monash University. Retrieved February 6, 2012 ( (External Link) ).

Parks, James. 2011. “Report: NAFTA Has Cost 683,000 Jobs and Counting,” AFL-CIO Blog, May 3. Retrieved February 6, 2012 ( (External Link) ).

Sassen, Saskia. 2001. The Global City: New York, London, Tokyo . Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Speth, James G., ed. 2003. Worlds Apart: Globalization and the Environment . Washington, DC: Island Press.

The United Nations: Department of Economic and Social Affairs. 1973. “Multinational Corporations in World Development.” New York: United Nations Publication.

Wallerstein, Immanuel. 1974. The Modern World System . New York: Academic Press.

Questions & Answers

assumption of naturalism
Alex Reply
tell us one of them
Musa
Good morning guys
Mubarak
yes good morning, how are you
Musa
e yes how are you.
Musa
I'm doing good Musa, what have you come to this group this morning sociologically
Mubarak
please help this question. asses the functions of sociology of education
Musa
hii
Gh
Mubarak, am new commer
Musa
To this group?
Mubarak
what is difference between. nature and nurture...?
Gh
yes hi GI hasani
Musa
Nurture is the environmental influence on individual that contribute to the development of his society
Mubarak
hello
Patrick
help me i am writing my sociology test can you give me a clue on socilization
Patrick
yes way not
Saleem
and also a clue on single parent household
Patrick
help no idea of what iam going to write
Patrick
Means. I do not get it
Saleem
In sociology, socialization is the process of internalizing the norms and ideologies of society. Socialization encompasses both learning and teaching and is thus "the means by which social and cultural continuity are attained".
Gh
what is socialization
Patrick
what is single parent household?
Patrick
what is single parent household?
Patrick
A single parent is a person who raises a child or children without a partner. Being a single parent is not the same as co-parenting which is when both parents agree to have an equal share in the child-rearing even though they are no longer together.
Gh
socialization. The act of adapting behavior to the norms of a culture or society is called socialization.Socialization can also mean going out and meeting people or hanging out with friends. The word socialization can mean "the process
Saleem
A single parent is a person who raises a child or children without a partner. Being a single parent is not the same as co-parenting which is when both parents agree to have an equal share in the child-rearing even though they are no longer together.
Gh
thank you so much
Patrick
welcome
Gh
what are the agents of socialization
Patrick
what are the advantages and disadvantages of single parent household
Patrick
: Agents of Socialization: Family, Schools, Peers and Media etc.....
Gh
types of socialisation ?
Patrick
disadvantages to being a child from a single-parent family: Decrease in income. ... Perhaps children's decreased motivation is to blame for high rates of absenteeism, low test scores, and high dropout rates.
Gh
Secondary socialization. ...Developmental socialization. ...Anticipatory socialization. ...Resocialization.
Gh
what a important of sociology in human life ?
Arya
what is social stratification
Patrick
Tell something about class.
Pratik
class actually is universal
Gh
it is achieved status of man
Gh
individual
Gh
what is patriarch ?
Mishi Reply
yes
Mishi
what's social process?
Tariq
the patern of growth and change in a society over the year is social process
Mishi
i need examples of patriarch
Mishi
Social processes refer to forms of social interaction that occur repeatedly. By social processes we mean those ways in which individuals and groups interact and establish social relationships. There are various of forms of social interaction such as cooperation, conflict, competition and accommodat
Saleem
Social processes refer to forms of social interaction that occur repeatedly. By social processes we mean those ways in which individuals and groups interact and establish social relationships. There are various of forms of social interaction such as cooperation, conflict, competition and accommodati
Saleem
define sanctions and also its types plz
Etisam
As the matriarch of the Forrester family, Flannery has delivered a nuanced role of the powerful woman who clings too tightly to her children and battles other women for the love of Forrester patriarch Eric.
Saleem
hello
Patrick
hlo
Saleem
what is relevance of sociology in general
Patrick
It has intellectual consequences for anyone who studies it. The study of sociology helps the individual to understand human society and how social system work. ... Sociology is also important for individuals because it throws light on the problems of the individuals. Sociology is popular as a teachi
Saleem
hi
Zahid
hii every one
Arya
thank u Saleem Raza
Patrick
wow thanks for the info I learned a lot again thank you God Bless You all and have a great Thanksgivng.
Kayleigh
thanks saleem
Kayleigh
thank you saleem
Kayleigh
Thanks a lot saleem
Tariq
i need examples
Mishi
hlo
Salman
hw u
Aliyu
hello
Abigail
assalam o alaikum
ALI
MA sociology 3rd sem uni of jammu has been declared today
musharaf
sory result of MA sociology 3rdsem
musharaf
wht is the difference between professional social work and non professional social work?
Mishi
Hello dudes
Mubarak
How does sociology helps us today?
Omary
hlo hw r uh mubark sr
musharaf
Musharaf I'm fine and u
Mubarak
It's been a long time no talk
Mubarak
I'm busy nw, musharaf sorry we gonna chat later
Mubarak
its okh sir no problm
musharaf
hello everyone.
Patrick
If crime is inevitable in human society so what is the essence of triangulation
Mubarak
how you define sanctions? also explain positive , nagitive formal sanctions and Postive ,nagitive informal sanctions according to your perspective...
Etisam Reply
explain meanings ,valuas, and beliefs?
Etisam
what is symbolic interactionism?
Rinchhen Reply
what is social process?
Tariq Reply
what is Social statistics?
Kenyion Reply
what's social process?
Tariq
what is moral law help guys my exam question
Patrick
can we get justice through injustice
Patrick
help please friends i feel hardly to understand
Patrick
okk
Tohid
are you there friends
Patrick
what is relevance of sociology in today's world
Patrick
anyone with answers
Patrick
sociology is the only sub.which is studying by every person from his ist day of the birth to till death so can guess ....
musharaf
every next day social life of man is becoming more nd more comlicated .it is sociology which makes people to understand the complexities of life nd guide them how to cope with the ever changing situation.
musharaf
what are the approaches in sociology of education
kevolution Reply
what is social medicine plz explain this with examples..
SWS
what sociology theory
Evalife Reply
sociology means what?
sm Reply
means the science that use the empirical method and critical analysis to develop about human social stucture and activities
Musa
social scirnce is based on observable entites
Ilayda
the scientific study of human behaviors and society
asim
what is archiology
Benson
understanding human behaviour practicallly . sociology is ghe scientific nd emperical study of society e.g if we want to study of any individual wo can observe him r her through participatte obervation r nonobservation .wo can study individual's behaviour thriugh interview,questionere etc
musharaf
society makes people humans.Discuss
Sarudzayi
u can take help from google to search there 'research methodology'
musharaf
r u kidddding i dont think soooo
musharaf
jeushgaus ioahwjbsia sjdjsidb hdjskdbs isksks
Tohid Reply
thank uh sir
musharaf
You are always welcome dude
Mubarak
🤗🤗
musharaf
plz. can any one explain me if I completed sociology which department I.will work for the government ?
Hasan
sociology is not all about to work for govt itz social work ...help the society to solve the problm
musharaf
i also in sociology dept
Munir
well my question is how can I get job if my country not like western countries and. I. finished this field
Hasan
plz unswer my question
Hasan
Are you studying just to get Job?
Mubarak
No I don't think so. But a the and all of us have to earn money to pay your living place etc.
Jannik
Exactly, but you have to understand one thing knowledge is power and whenever you have power you have money. Think as a Social Thinker
Mubarak
mubark sr r uh agreee with facult's ideology😁😁😁😁
musharaf
knowlge z piwer
musharaf
yep knowledge is power but when u r studing you first target is to get knowledge than when you finished u have to look job than support society in need and make problem solver
Hasan
Thx Hasan Muuse and Mubarak Saidu. Do you study sociology? And in which country?
Jannik
jannik no
Hasan
But you are interested in this topic :D
Jannik
yes I like it
Hasan
yes I like to study
Hasan
Nice :D
Jannik
ok thnks
Hasan
I love to study to very interesting facts im learning
Kayleigh
what is conflict
Shahzaib
mubark sr here shows that this email z not valid
musharaf
what is class struggle theory?
shahnam Reply
class struggle is all about the conflict between two sections of society, one is having the hold on resources plus all the capital outcomes of it(called bourgeois) whereas the other section is bound and compelled to serve the industries as a labourers or workers(called proletariats).
Lokesh
its a theory given by karl marx about bourgeois nd proletraits or have's nd havenot's respectively
musharaf
thanks
shahnam
sure ! welcome.
Lokesh
hii
Lalita
hi
shahnam
hlo
Zahid
Class struggle is all about Materialism in human society. The scarcity of it let people struggle. The have and the have not, as Marx said the bourgeois and Proletariat
Mubarak
What is cultural Shock, and cultural relativism
Mubarak
ok
eddie
mubark sir plz tell me about cultural shock
musharaf
Cultural shock is conditions of disorientation affecting someone who is suddenly exposed to an unfamiliar culture or way of life or set of attitude.
Mubarak
thank uh sir
musharaf
An example of cultural shock is, here in Nigeria there is a different cultures between southerners and northerners. So when a northerners visit South and saw southerner urinate while standing he feel abruptly and shock, because he is not familiar with this.
Mubarak
okh tysm
musharaf
Musharaf can you please tell me ur area of interest in sociology?
Mubarak
anyone have idea about contribution of classical theory of (karl marx,durkhiem,weber)on environmental sociology?
jumpe
im the girl im n intrested in gender ....feminism....i love redical feminist
musharaf
im also intrested in rural socoilogy
musharaf
because there r many problms in day to day life about about rural society nd gender
musharaf
Wao! Very well. I'm Industrial Sociologist
Mubarak
gooood
musharaf
I'm also a Functionalist and symbolic interaction
Mubarak
nyc
musharaf
wt about ur studies
musharaf
Because you knw Nigeria is a developing country so it's lack social analysts regarding to industrial planners. So that's why
Mubarak
I'm nw undergo my Masters degree in industrial sociology @University of Nigerian
Mubarak
nice thanks
manisha
what is meant by pattern variable
Akak
Your studies?
Mubarak
I don't study. I'm in Highschool in Germany :D
Jannik
Wao! Very Interesting
Mubarak
hello
Tohid
akak lego are u galo?
jumpe
sir i wish all ur dreams come true
musharaf
Hi Tohid
Mubarak
What have come today for
Mubarak
im doing master's degree in sociology from Jammu university
musharaf
Thank you so much Musharaf for ur prayer
Mubarak
Adi
Akak
👍
Tohid
Manisha u can
Akak
Is doing master in sociology a good opportunity to find later a good job where you like to go?
Jannik
akak sir pattern variable are 5 dichotomies dev. by tallcott parson to draw out the contrasting value to which individuals orient themselves in social interaction
musharaf
Pattern variable is a concept develop by Talcott person is trying to explain how social action
Mubarak
Good day guys
Mubarak
What is the main difference between census and survey?
Mustafa Reply
explain major contributions of Charles Wright Mills and Augusto Comte to the discipline of sociology
lugumba Reply
importance of sociology in logic if some one knows about plz help
Saqib
what are importance of studying sociology
Neema Reply
1 sociology detects and Solve Social Problems 2Sociology Helps in Planning and Development 3. Sociology makes a scientific study of Sociology 4 studies role of the institutions in the development of the individuals. 5 Helps in Preservation and Growth of Culture
manisha
6.sociology has made broaden the outlook of man. 7 Sociology is of great importance in the solution of international problems. 
manisha
what are feature of social institution
Muhid
eplayn philosopher of sociology
Mujahid Reply
explain philosopher of sociology
Mujahid
me
Ashebir

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Source:  OpenStax, Introduction to sociology 2e. OpenStax CNX. Jan 20, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11762/1.6
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