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Although the IL would be responsible for the personnel evaluation component, the instructional committee andmentors would engage in supervision exclusively. The group based the distinctions of what constitutes evaluation vs. supervision onNolan’s (2003) work. According to Nolan, the natures of evaluation and supervision are fundamentally and critically distinct withinvarious functions of the teaching experience [See Table 2]. Given aparticular dimension, the distinctions between evaluation and supervision become clear.

It is in the form of mentoring as a supervisory practice that some of the more powerful benefits forteacher growth and development seem to emerge (Reiman 1999; Glickman, 2002; Pajak, 2002). Individuals who have a trained mentorare more likely to realize professional and personal growth than those who work alone (Vygotsky, 1986). This benefit is especiallynoticeable when teachers are in new assignments or in new settings. Whether we are speaking about new doctors, new teachers, newadministrators, or new professors, a supportive colleague can help a novice move to higher levels of effectiveness. Writing aboutmedical school novices, Rabatin et al. (2004) noted that a“mentoring model stressing safety, intimacy, honesty, setting of high standards, praxis, and detailed planning and feedback wasassociated with mentee excitement, personal and professional growth and development, concrete accomplishments, and a commitment toteaching”(p. 569).

For public school teachers having a mentor is associated with professional growth and a sense of self-efficacyfor both novices and experienced teachers. In working with veteran teachers, Reiman and Peace (2002) sought to“encourage new social role-taking, support new learning in effective teaching, encouragenew complex performances in coaching and support conferences, and promote gains in moral and conceptual reasoning. Significantpositive gains in learning, performance, and moral judgment reasoning were achieved”(p. 597). Mentoring had a bidirectional benefit for both novice and mentor. The best plan for supportinginstruction will require a position that is wholly, and singularly, focused on the processes of teacher development.

As a benefit to school cultures, mentoring in a developmental supervision model encourages conversation amongteachers. In conversation we begin creating a school community characterized by sharing, supporting, and caring. It has becomeclear through research of Noddings (2002), Palmer (1998), Starratt (1997), and others that when teachers and students work in a caringand supportive atmosphere, they are more likely to take risks, experiment, and attend to each other’s needs. It is just this type of collaboration that the process of mentoring canencourage.

Form: three-dimensional structure or shape; geometric or free form.

The Artist’s View:

Forms are shapes that are three-dimensional and are either geometric or free form. In two-dimensional works ofart (that is, artworks that hang on a wall), artists use value on a shape to create a form. In other words when artists add value tothe shape of a circle, the shape becomes a sphere and takes on the illusion of something that is three-dimensional -- a form. Todayartists refer to light and dark areas of a work of art as modeling or shading. Very dark areas of forms tend to recede into theartwork where very light areas appear closest to the viewer. In three-dimensional art works such as sculpture, all shapes are formsbecause they take up space in three dimensions. True forms occupy height, width, and depth in space.

Questions & Answers

how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Educational administration: the roles of leadership and management. OpenStax CNX. Jul 25, 2007 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10441/1.1
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