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Encoding in MathML has a linear framework.

We have worked with programs like Dreamweaver and Frontpage to write HTML mark-ups. On similar lines, there are programs to generate MathML mark-ups with built in facilities for error handling and testing. Using specialized programs to generate codes is generally the fastest way to write MathML codes.

Using specialized programs has the obvious advantage, but with certain overheads. It requires that we go through the process of familiarization with the program interface and understand the working philosophy of the same. Though these programs are robust and designed to fit in with all sorts of operating systems and deal with interoperability issues, there remains a remote possibility of mismatch and one has to take appropriate safeguards against difficulties arising out of the same. Worst of this approach is the sense of working within a “block box”, which might spring surprises with regard to what we expect and what the program delivers.

As against above, coding in the native way, using plain text editor has the disadvantages of the requirement of knowing MathML specification and relatively slower pace of coding. The first aspect, though, can be used to advantage as you have to understand the syntax, grammar, underlying features, limitations and possibilities of the MathML, knowing fully well about what can be done and what can not be done with MathML. So, there is less likelyhood of a surprise situation.

Further, it is a real possibility that you may actually cut down on the encoding substantially (typing per se) along with a corresponding increase in the coding speed. However, this would require a bit of planning and proficiency in copy (ctrl + c), cut (ctrl + x) and paste (ctrl + v) operations with a block of codes from one place to another.

Features of mathml encoding

Before, we get into the rhythm of encoding, let us discuss the important features of MathML coding and our mathematical content requirement that would help us formulate an efficient approach to write MathML codes.

1: There are 30 elements in total with about 50 specific attributes, apart from common attributes.

2: A MathML coding is sensitive to the context and material being encoded. If your module involves matrix operation, then we might be using the set of table forming elements more frequently. This means that we shall be limited in using elements – may be not more than 10 to 15 of them in a given context (project). Further, we may not require to change the attributes except on few occasions.

3: Mathematical display is a two dimensional representation, but its coding is essentially linear, in which terms are connected with operators from left to write. As a consequence, codes are written progressively from left to right of the mathematical expressions and equations.

4: The vertical expansion of mathematical expression is controlled by a central element. For example a vertical stack may be structured on a form, implemented by “mfrac” element.

Questions & Answers

Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
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Source:  OpenStax, A primer in mathml. OpenStax CNX. Apr 19, 2006 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10345/1.16
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