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  • Learn the roles of families and peer groups in socialization
  • Understand how we are socialized through formal institutions like schools, workplaces, and the government

Socialization helps people learn to function successfully in their social worlds. How does the process of socialization occur? How do we learn to use the objects of our society’s material culture? How do we come to adopt the beliefs, values, and norms that represent its nonmaterial culture? This learning takes place through interaction with various agents of socialization, like peer groups and families, plus both formal and informal social institutions.

Social group agents

Social groups often provide the first experiences of socialization. Families, and later peer groups, communicate expectations and reinforce norms. People first learn to use the tangible objects of material culture in these settings, as well as being introduced to the beliefs and values of society.

Family

Family is the first agent of socialization. Mothers and fathers, siblings and grandparents, plus members of an extended family, all teach a child what he or she needs to know. For example, they show the child how to use objects (such as clothes, computers, eating utensils, books, bikes); how to relate to others (some as “family,” others as “friends,” still others as “strangers” or “teachers” or “neighbors”); and how the world works (what is “real” and what is “imagined”). As you are aware, either from your own experience as a child or from your role in helping to raise one, socialization includes teaching and learning about an unending array of objects and ideas.

Keep in mind, however, that families do not socialize children in a vacuum. Many social factors affect the way a family raises its children. For example, we can use sociological imagination to recognize that individual behaviors are affected by the historical period in which they take place. Sixty years ago, it would not have been considered especially strict for a father to hit his son with a wooden spoon or a belt if he misbehaved, but today that same action might be considered child abuse.

Sociologists recognize that race, social class, religion, and other societal factors play an important role in socialization. For example, poor families usually emphasize obedience and conformity when raising their children, while wealthy families emphasize judgment and creativity (National Opinion Research Center 2008). This may occur because working-class parents have less education and more repetitive-task jobs for which it is helpful to be able to follow rules and conform. Wealthy parents tend to have better educations and often work in managerial positions or careers that require creative problem solving, so they teach their children behaviors that are beneficial in these positions. This means children are effectively socialized and raised to take the types of jobs their parents already have, thus reproducing the class system (Kohn 1977). Likewise, children are socialized to abide by gender norms, perceptions of race, and class-related behaviors.

Questions & Answers

what is reification in sociology given by Karl Marx
nishita Reply
wishing you, ua family n whole Muslim ummah, A happy, joyous n prosperous Eid-ul Azha. May Allah reward you, accept your deeds, answer your duas, and grant us forgiveness. HAPPY ~EID MUBARAK ~ N ALLAH BLESS 🙌
rameez Reply
Ameen Ameen. Thank you.
Muhammad
Aameen ...same 2 u
Madiha
welcome bro. n thnx MB...
rameez
happy holiday guys..
Victoria
what z ua score Madiha..any chances.
rameez
thanks a lot
Sheikh
41
Madiha
n by the way tried ma best to address ua query regarding entrance.but I was not able to comment..tried 100's of times..but it was showing error..again n again.
rameez
nice..you ll be in. insha'Allah..Cogrtz advance.
rameez
thnkx
Madiha
hi
babar
ameen bro.. thank you
hasan
hi
babar
عید مبارک
Kashmiri
Amen, thanks
Mercy
Amen
Moses
ameen
Kashmiri
Amen
Bernard
eid mubarak rameez and all of you. celebrate life :)
manisha
s2u ..,...
Lakhan
describe rational legal autority/domination
nishita Reply
its described by max weber...leadership that ties with legal authority or beurocrates
hasan
elucidate brief note on sociological imagination by C.Wright Mills
nishita Reply
sociological imagination is to see society's view point of every situation.. everyone have their own view pt. and own rule for seeing thing. it also makes us aware abt others problems.. it is thinking.outside the box
manisha
ok
Lakhan
thank uh
nishita
what is another name for culture in sociology
Abubakar Reply
How could studying sociology help you in this career?
Tesha Reply
level of social organization
sanchris Reply
What is the importance of studying Sociology?
War Reply
the importance of studying sociology is to know about the society, human behavior, human interaction, social problems etc
Ishrat
It give u inside about social life, social reality, social institutions, social processes, social issues, social mobility and stratification, social inequality, social behavior, social relationship and interaction etc.
Simon
sociology is the study of man in society: The socialization of man into a social being, the groups in the society and the inter and intra relationships.
Peter
It widen ur horizon abt social life
onoja
what particularly is a "social action"?
nishita Reply
act which takes into account the actions and reactions of individual.
manisha
what role does society plays in it
nishita
society shapes the individual's behaviour
Rehmat
how relevant is socialization to law
Salihu Reply
Can anyone tell the form of family
Inoto Reply
wrire the function of family
Ahammad Reply
what is marriage
Ahammad Reply
Marriage ia a socialy and legaly rocognized social bond between two people for the procreation of offsprings and satisfaction of sexual desires. With the tie of marriage there generates right and duties on both partners to comply with.
Sadiq
types of marriage
Ahammad
Monogamy, Polygamy, Polygyny, Polyandry , Bigamy
Sadiq
function of marriage
Ahammad
it is explained in definition
Sadiq
what do you mean by Endogamy
Ahammad
who is the father of sociology
Ahammad Reply
ibne khaldoom
Sajan
what is sociology
Ahammad
study of people groups society and interactions.
Sajan
write the definition of "types of marriage "
Ahammad
Auguste Conte
Salihu
important of social science research in our contemporary society
Sharif Reply
Social research is an important source of knowledge. It provides updated, proved, authentic and very useful information to the end users.
manisha
Structural Changes. Social research is responsible for bringing structural changes in a social life.
manisha
Social Prediction. Social research helps in making laws and the relation between social laws and their factors.
manisha
we apply social research to a society for bringing social order and control.
manisha
New Techniques. Social Research introduces new techniques and improves the old ones.
manisha

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Source:  OpenStax, Introduction to sociology 2e. OpenStax CNX. Jan 20, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11762/1.6
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