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This book is derived from three OpenStax resources: Biology, Concepts of Biology, and Anatomy and Physiology. It has been extensively edited so that the chapter order and content is appropriate for a non-majors human biology course.

Welcome to Human Biology , a textbook created utilizing OpenStax resources. This textbook has been created with several goals in mind: accessibility, customization, and student engagement—all while encouraging students toward high levels of academic scholarship. Students will find that this textbook offers a strong introduction to human biology in an accessible format.

About openstax college

OpenStax College is a non-profit organization committed to improving student access to quality learning materials. Their free textbooks are developed and peer-reviewed by educators to ensure they are readable, accurate, and meet the scope and sequence requirements of today’s college courses. Unlike traditional textbooks, OpenStax College resources live online and are owned by the community of educators using them. Through partnerships with companies and foundations committed to reducing costs for students, OpenStax College is working to improve access to higher education for all. OpenStax College is an initiative of Rice University and is made possible through the generous support of several philanthropic foundations.

About openstax college's resources

OpenStax College resources provide quality academic instruction. Three key features set our materials apart from others: they can be customized by instructors for each class, they are a “living” resource that grows online through contributions from science educators, and they are available free or for minimal cost. The materials for this book were compiled and customized by Willy Cushwa, with valuable editorial assistance provided by Jamey Marsh. Please send any content suggestions and/or corrections to Willy Cushwa at wcushwa@clark.edu.

To broaden access and encourage community curation, our text books are “open source” licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) license. The scientific community is invited to submit examples, emerging research, and other feedback to enhance and strengthen the material and keep it current and relevant for today’s students. Submit your suggestions to info@openstaxcollege.org, and check in on edition status, alternate versions, errata, and news on the StaxDash at http://openstaxcollege.org.

Cost

Our textbooks are available for free online, and in low-cost print and e-book editions.

About our team

Concepts of Biology would not be possible if not for the tremendous contributions of the authors and community reviewing team

Senior contributors

Samantha Fowler Clayton State University
Rebecca Roush Sandhills Community College
James Wise Hampton University

Faculty contributors and reviewers

Mark Belk Brigham Young University
Lisa Boggs Southwestern Oklahoma State University
Sherryl Broverman Duke University
David Byres Florida State College at Jacksonville
Aaron Cassill The University of Texas at San Antonio
Karen Champ College of Central Florida
Sue Chaplin University of St. Thomas
Diane Day Clayton State University
Jean DeSaix University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
David Hunnicutt St. Norbert College
Barbara Kuehner Hawaii Community College
Brenda Leady University of Toledo
Bernie Marcus Genesee Community College
Flora Mhlanga Lipscomb University
Madeline Mignone Dominican College
Elizabeth Nash Long Beach City College
Mark Newton San Jose City College
Diana Oliveras University of Colorado Boulder
Ann Paterson Williams Baptist College
Joel Piperberg Millersville University
Nick Reeves Mt. San Jacinto College
Ann Reisenauer San Jose State University
Lynn Rumfelt Gordon College
Michael Rutledge Middle Tennessee State University
Edward Saiff Ramapo College of New Jersey
Brian Shmaefsky Kingwood College
Gary Shultz Marshall University
Donald Slish SUNY Plattsburgh
Anh-Hue Tu Georgia Southwestern State University
Elena Zoubina Bridgewater State University

Questions & Answers

what is the meaning of extended family
Shellyann Reply
extended family is two are more nuclear family living together under one roof
Nordalee
what is genetic engineering
Ebot Reply
good day please what is a cell?
Colota Reply
cell is the basic unit of all living things/organism
Hassan
differenciate b/w cilia and flagellum
Abshira
Cilia: 1. They are smaller in number. 2. Cilia usually occur throughout or major part of the surface of a cell. 3. They beat oar like and in a co-ordinated rhythm 4. Cilia help in locomotion, feeding, circulation, etc.. 5. Example: Paramecium
iti
Flagella: 1. They are larger in size. ADVERTISEMENTS: 2. Flagella are commonly found at one end of the cell. 3. The flagella beat whip-like and independently. 4. Flagella help in locomotion. 5. Example: Euglena
iti
smallest structural and functional unit of an organism!
zidane
cell is the basic unit of all living things
Lukman
what is homeostasis
alex Reply
the ability of an organism to maintain stable internal environment, even when the external environment changes
Bee
what's the function of the hypothalamus
Agyekum
what is homeostasis
Edward Reply
constant maintenance of internal body temperature
Agyekum
What is the function of the Pituitary Gland?
WeNdlovu
how can homeostasis be maintained?
alex
pituitary gland also known as the master gland secretes hormones which triggers other gland to secretes their hormones
Agyekum
what's the full meaning of DNA and RNA
Deborah Reply
DNA is Deoxyribonucleic acid and RNA means Ribonucleic acid
Christian
sha is mitochondria?
Sparrow Reply
what is biology
Femi Reply
biology is the study which deals with the study of the biological components or animal and plants.
Juhi
biology is the study of life.
Roger
biology is the branch of science which deals with study of two parts 1.botany&2zoology these is known as biology....
Chetan
biology is the study of human beings ...
Chetan
Biology is a branch of science that deals with the study of nature
Agyekum
biology is the science of living organism
Abshira
biology is the branch of science that deals with study of living organisms
Lukman
what is neculer cell?
is it nuclear cell?
iti
asthma occur in which part of the body organ?
Festus Reply
what is hemoglobin
Lucky Reply
a protein that carries oxygen, it is found within red blood cells
EmmyOrangePeel
Apart from endocrinology, what other alternative should be done to a D/m client
Deborah Reply
good day please what is excretion
Blaise Reply
excretion is the process by which metabolic wastes and other none-useful materials are eliminated from an organism.
Petrene
its the process of eliminating or removal of metabolic waste and non useful materials from an organ.
eyong
Its the removal of metabolic waste product from the body
Boo
it is the removal from the body of living organisms, toxic waste products of metabolism which if allowed to accurate can cost harm to the body..
Renzo
how are protons formed?
Brian Reply
What is isotopes?
Brian
isotopes is a phenomenon in which atoms of the same element has the same atomic number but different mass number due to a difference in their neutron number or relative abundance in the earth crust
Efosa
give me more mcqs there r just two mcqs
Salma Reply
Define the term Disease in one paragraph.
Sutanya Reply
Disease is any disorders that counteract with the normal performance of the immune system.
Agyekum
what is cell?
Colota
Cell is the basic unit of life It is the building block of an organism
Agyekum
do agree with me that if someone needs to truely be a biologist he should be mathematician physicist & chemist in oreder to acheive the level #biologist
Assila
what is a protoplasm?
Colota
colourless living part of the cell
Jenny
what is protoplasm made up of?
Jack

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Source:  OpenStax, Human biology. OpenStax CNX. Dec 01, 2015 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11903/1.3
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