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English home language

Grade 4

Fears and phobias

Module 10

Writing a cinquain



A CINQUAIN is a poem with five lines .

  1. Topic (one word)
  2. Describe the topic (two words)
  3. Action associated with topic (three words)
  4. How you feel about it (four words)
  5. Simile for/summary of topic (one word)

Example: Dentist

In charge

Drills, talks, tortures!

Fills me with dread -


Activity 1

To use language creatively [lo 5.4.3]

  • Now choose a fear from your list and as a team, write a Cinquain.






  • Be brave and create one on your own.

Activity 2

To match nouns to expressive verbs [lo 5.3.4]

Another way to get rid of verbophobia is to try some verbalism.

Some what? VERBALISM = a very close attention to words.

  • The eight witches expressed themselves verbally. Now match the nouns in column A with the expressive verbs in column B . The first one has been done for you as an example.
Nouns Verbs Answer
1. The stars A howled 1C
2. The leaves B exploded
3. The witches C twinkled
4. The bomb D roared
5. The wind E applauded
6. The raindrops F jingled
7. The chains G pattered
8. The spectators H flashed
9. The owl I rustled
10. The wolves J cackled
11. The lightning K hooted
  • Now try being smart with ADVERBS .

Activity 3

To work with adverbs [lo 6.2.5]

As its name suggests, an adverb adds to the meaning of a verb. Complete each sentence by selecting the most suitable adverb from the group of three on the right. Highlight your choice.

  1. She laughed… furiously, heavily, happily.
  2. They shouted… sadly, loudly, quietly.
  3. The thief crept… clumsily, stealthily, broadly.
  4. The people in the queue waited… carefully, weakly, patiently.
  5. The cheeky child sneered… impudently, dimly, politely.


LEARNING OUTCOME 5: THINKING AND REASONING The learner is able to use language to think and reason, as well as to access, process and use information for learning.

Assessment Standard

We know this when the learner:

5.3 processes information:

5.3.4 puts information in the right order.

5.4 uses language to think creatively:

5.4.3 finds different ways to express ideas using a thesaurus and discusses nuances in meaning.

LEARNING OUTCOME 6: LANGUAGE STRUCTURE AND USE The learner will know and be able to use the sounds, words and grammar of the language and interpret texts.

Assessment Standard

We know this when the learner:

6.2 works with sentences:

6.2.5 identifies and uses nouns, pronouns, verbs, adverbs, adjectives, prepositions.


Activity 2

  • 1C
  • 2I
  • 3J
  • 4B
  • 5D
  • 6G
  • 7
  • 8E
  • 9F
  • 10A
  • 11H

Activity 3

1. happily

2. loudly

3. stealthily

4. patiently

5. impudently

Questions & Answers

do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Berger describes sociologists as concerned with
Mueller Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, English home language grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 18, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11092/1.1
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