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Energie-oordrag en stelsel

Bronne van energie en energiesisteme

Opvoeders afdeling



1. Steenkoolmeulens maal steenkool fyn sodat dit makliker brand.

2. Steenkoolpoeier word na die smeltoonde gebring waar dit aan die brand gesteek word.

3. Water word in die stoomketel gekook om stoom te produseer.

4. Stoom laat die turbines draai.

5. Die beweging van die turbines veroorsaak dat die opwekker (generator) elektrisiteit opwek.

6. Kragmaste vervoer die elektrisiteit na die huise, fabrieke, skole, ens.

Lugbesoedeling: 2 en 5 (lg. as die drade nie goed geїnsuleer is nie).

Opdrag 6:

Suurreën: Die koolsuurgas van steenkoolverbranding meng met water en vorm suur wat neerreën.

Kweekhuis: Die gasse van verbranding vorm ‘n laag wat maak dat hitte opbou en die atmosfeer warmer word.

Watervlak: Die ys smelt by die pole vanweë die kweekhuis-effek, die water word meer vanweë die hoër temperatuur (sit uit), die watervlak styg en laerliggende gebiede word bedek.

Leerder afdeling


Aktiwiteit: om die werking van steenkool-aangedrewe kragstasies as sisteme te kan demonstreer [lu 1.3, lu 2.1, lu 2.3]

  1. Die volgende twee eenvoudige sketse dui aan hoe elektrisiteit in steenkoolkragstasies opgewek word.

Skets 1

Skets 2

1. Die steenkool word as brandstof verbrand en juis hierin lê die groot besoedelingsprobleem met hierdie tipe elektrisiteitsvoorsiening.

2. Die hitte van die vuur laat die water in die ketel kook.

3. Die stoom laat die waaier draai.

4. Koperdraad wat binne-in ‘n magneet draai, wek elektrisiteit op. Sien, hier het ons weer te doen met ‘n dinamo.

5. Hierdie elektriese stroom vloei deur die drade en laat die gloeilampie brand.

  • Die volgende skets stel die proses om elektrisiteit uit steenkool op te wek voor.

Water is in hierdie geval ‘n hernieubare bron omdat die stoom afkoel en kondenseer tot water. Die water word verder verkoel in die koeltorings. Daarna keer die water terug na die stoomketels en die proses word herhaal.

Orden nou die stappe sodat hulle in die korrekte volgorde is en voltooi die vloeidiagram.

  • Stoom laat die turbines draai.
  • Steenkoolmeulens maal die steenkool fyn sodat dit makliker brand.
  • Kragmaste vervoer die elektrisiteit na huise, fabrieke, skole, ens.
  • Water word in die stoomketel gekook om stoom te produseer.
  • Die beweging van die turbines veroorsaak dat die opwekker (generator) elektrisiteit opwek.
  • Steenkoolpoeier word na die smeltoonde gebring waar dit aan die brand gesteek word.

Merk nou duidelik met ‘n rooi ster (*) in watter stadiums van die proses die kanse vir lugbesoedeling die grootste is (bv. no. 3 en no. 5)

  1. Volgorde korrek
____ ____ ____ ____
Besoedelingsgevaar aangedui ____ ____ ____ ____

Opdrag 6






Questions & Answers

can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
I got X =-6
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
oops. ignore that.
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
im all ears I need to learn
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
is it 3×y ?
Joan Reply
J, combine like terms 7x-4y
Bridget Reply
im not good at math so would this help me
Rachael Reply
I'm not good at math so would you help me
what is the problem that i will help you to self with?
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Natuurwetenskappe graad 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 17, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11080/1.1
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