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This manuscript has been peer-reviewed, accepted, and sanctioned by the National Council of Professors of Educational Administration (NCPEA) as a significant contribution to the scholarship and practice of education administration. In addition to publication in the Connexions Content Commons, this is published in the International Journal of Educational Leadership Preparation, Volume 4, Number 1 (January - March 2009) at (External Link) , formatted and edited by Theodore Creighton, Virginia Tech.

Emotional intelligence and change leadership

Emotional Intelligence is a popular topic in the leadership literature. It is most often associated with Daniel Goleman (1995). However, there is a history of others who actually developed the concept before Goleman (please visit (External Link) to see an annotated history of the concept).

Higgs (2002) commented on the fact that there is a lot of confusion, misunderstanding and differences of opinion about the concept of Emotional Intelligence. It seems that there is also not an agreed upon definition of the term. Dulewicz, Higgs and Slaski (2001), for example, categorized several definitions of the term by grouping them as follows: definitions based on an interpretation of Emotional Intelligence as an ability (Salovey&Mayer 1990); definitions that define Emotional Intelligence as a set of competencies (e.g., Goleman, 1996); and definitions that define Emotional Intelligence as a set of personal capabilities (e.g., Higgs&Dulewicz, 1999; Bar-On, 2000). According to Higgs, the personal capabilities approach is more easily operationalized while retaining psychometric rigor. Using the personal abilities characterization of Emotional Intelligence, Higgs and Dulewicz (1999, p. 20) offered the following definition:

Achieving one’s goals through the ability to manage one’s own feelings and emotions, to be sensitive to, and influence other key people, and to balance one’s motives and drives with conscientious and ethical behaviour.

In an extensive review of the literature on Emotional Intelligence, Dulewicz and Higgs (2000) identified the core elements of Emotional Intelligence that were subsequently validated in empirical studies. These elements are:

  1. Self-awareness . The awareness of your own feelings and the ability to recognize and manage those feelings.
  2. Emotional resilience . The ability to perform well and consistently in a range of situations and when under pressure.
  3. Motivation . The drive and energy that you have to achieve results, balance short and long-term goals, and pursue your goals in the face of challenge and rejection.
  4. Interpersonal sensitivity . The ability to be aware of the needs and feelings of others and to use this awareness effectively in interacting with them and arriving at decisions impacting on them.
  5. Influence . The ability to persuade others to change their viewpoint on a problem, issue, or decision.
  6. Intuitiveness . The ability to use insight and interaction to arrive at and implement decisions when faced with ambiguous or incomplete information.
  7. Conscientiousness and integrity . The ability to display commitment to a course of action in the face of challenge, to act consistently and in line with understood ethical requirements.

Questions & Answers

do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, National framework of professional standards for change leadership in education. OpenStax CNX. Feb 11, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10638/1.2
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