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United kingdom

  • Embryonic stem cell research and therapeutic cloning are permitted, but reproductive cloning is banned.
  • Therapeutic cloning is regulated by Human Fertilization and Embryology Authority (HFEA) in order to understand the development of embryos and to develop treatments for serious disease.

Asia

China

  • Embryonic stem cell research and therapeutic cloning are permitted, but reproductive cloning is banned.
  • "Guidelines for Research on Human Embryonic Stem Cells" released in 2004 by China's Ministry of Science and Technology, and Ministry of Health.

India

  • Embryonic stem cell research and therapeutic cloning are permitted, but reproductive cloning is banned.
  • The Indian Council of Medical Research released the Consultative Document on Ethical Guidelines for Biomedical Research on Human Subjects (2000), which cover the guidelines.

Japan

  • Embryonic stem cell research and therapeutic cloning are permitted, but reproductive cloning is banned.
  • Production of cloned human embryos will be limited to basic research or regenerative medicine only (Bioethics Committee of the Council for Science and Technology Policy).

Singapore

  • Embryonic stem cell research and therapeutic cloning are permitted, but reproductive cloning is banned.
  • The law allows the harvesting of stem cells from cloned human embryos, but it prohibits cloned embryos from developing more than two weeks.

South korea (republic of korea)

  • Embryonic stem cell research and therapeutic cloning are permitted, but reproductive cloning is banned.
  • The government approved research on somatic cell nuclear transfer based on guidelines of National Ethics Committees.

Taiwan (republic of china)

  • Embryonic stem cell research is allowed on excess stocks of embryos produced naturally for artificial insemination.
  • Reproductive and therapeutic cloning are banned, as is the creation of embryos for research purposes.

Thailand

  • Embryonic stem cell research and therapeutic cloning are permitted, but reproductive cloning is banned.

Vietnam

  • Embryonic stem cell research is not specifically prohibited, but therapeutic and reproductive cloning are.
  • Human cloning and surrogacy banned as of May 2003.

Oceania

Australia

  • Embryonic stem cell research and therapeutic cloning are permitted, but reproductive cloning is banned.
  • Researchers must apply for a license to experiment with embryos

New zealand

  • Embryonic stem cell research and therapeutic cloning are permitted, but reproductive cloning is banned.
  • In 2004, the Human Assisted Reproductive Technology Bill was amended to ban reproductive cloning and genetically engineered babies.

Middle east

Egypt

  • Bans reproductive cloning and potentially therapeutic cloning.
  • The researcher is prohibited from conducting research involving mixing lineages.

Iran

  • Embryonic stem cell research is permitted.

Israel

  • Embryonic stem cell research and therapeutic cloning is permitted, but reproductive cloning is banned.
  • Human reproductive cloning and germline genetic engineering is prohibited.

Africa

South africa

  • Embryonic stem cell research is permitted, but all forms of cloning (reproductive and therapeutic) are banned.

Tunisia

  • Embryonic stem cell research is not specifically prohibited, but therapeutic and reproductive cloning are as of 1997.
  • The law states that any technology related to human cloning is banned.

References and further suggested readings

  • The Database of Global Policies on Human Cloning and Germ-line Engineering: (External Link)
  • Global Lawyers and Physician for Human Rights: (External Link)
  • Stem Cell Policy: World Stem Cell Map: www.mbbnet.umn.edu/scmap.html
  • European Commission, Directorate General–Research: Survey on opinions from National Ethics Committees or similar bodies, public debate, and national legislation in relation to human embryonic stem cell research and use. Volume I: EU Member States, July 2004: (External Link) , Volume II: Countries associated to FP6 and Third Countries, July 2004: (External Link)
  • UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization). National Legislation Concerning Human Reproductive and Therapeutic Cloning, July 2004: (External Link)
  • The International Stem Cell Forum (May 2007) http://www.stemcellforum.org
  • The Hinxton Group World Policies Website (May 2007): http://hinxtongroup.org/wp.html
  • The Hinxton Group Consensus Statement, March 2006: (External Link) .
  • The Phoebe R. Berman Bioethics Institute. (March 2006) International Policy Trends: Embryonic Stem Cell Research.

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Questions & Answers

find the 15th term of the geometric sequince whose first is 18 and last term of 387
Jerwin Reply
I know this work
salma
The given of f(x=x-2. then what is the value of this f(3) 5f(x+1)
virgelyn Reply
hmm well what is the answer
Abhi
how do they get the third part x = (32)5/4
kinnecy Reply
can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
ninjadapaul
20/(×-6^2)
Salomon
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
ninjadapaul
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
ninjadapaul
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
Salomon
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
Salomon
I got X =-6
Salomon
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
ninjadapaul
oops. ignore that.
ninjadapaul
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
ninjadapaul
hmm
Abhi
is it a question of log
Abhi
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Abhi
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salma
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
hello
Sherica
im all ears I need to learn
Sherica
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Tamia
hii
Uday
hi
salma
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
Kim
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Al
y=10×
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Stem cell research: a science and policy overview. OpenStax CNX. Aug 03, 2007 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10445/1.1
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