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Social sciences: history

Grade 5

An early african community: people of s.a.

Module 10

Early cape homes and pioneering homes

Activity 1:

Finding information about early cape homes and reporting results

[lo 2.2; 2.3]

In 1652, Jan van Riebeeck had the fort of Good Hope (De Goede Hoop) built at the Cape of clay and wood. At the beginning, the Dutch mainly lived in the fort, but they soon started building their own individual homes.

The Fort

The earliest homes had few rooms and the walls were built of clay or rough stones. The walls were plastered, using clay mixed with seashells, and thatched roofs covered the houses. The loft gable (a "leg of mutton" gable with a small window) kept rain from dripping onto the stoep right by the door.

Sparks from the chimney frequently set fire to the thatched roofs, so owners had to pay two shillings in tax for each of the chimneys of a house! In time, lofts were provided with special floors to prevent fires.

Some historians have suggested that the gables also prevented burning thatch from falling at the entrance to the house.

  1. With the development of technology, stars, hearts, fruit, animals and plants were used as elements to decorate the front gables of Cape Dutch homes. Explain the reasons for this to a partner.

Because of the fire hazard that was part of thatch-roofed houses, people who lived in Cape Town towards the end of the eighteenth century began to build flat-roofed houses. These houses frequently had two or more storeys.

A thatch-roofed house

A flat-roofed house

Activity 2:

To differentiate between the pioneering homes of the different periods

[lo 2.3]

A ‘Hartbees-huisie’

“Cattle farmers usually lived in small, simple, thatched houses. They used a framework of young, supple branches that were set into the ground in straight lines and were bent towards each other at the top. Clay and sturdy reeds, hard rushes ("biesies" in Afrikaans), were used to fill in the walls. This gave rise to the name "hartebeeshuis".

A saddle-roofed house

Saddle-roofed houses consisting of a pitched roof of reeds placed on the ground were also used. Seventy or so of these houses can be seen near Riversdale (in the Southern Cape) where they have been built to look out over the sea. This site has been declared an open-air museum and national monument.

a) Conduct a class discussion on the following sketches representing different historical periods.

Which similarities (boys) and differences (girls) are evident when you examine the different periods? (Suggestion: First arrange these pictures chronologically.)

[LO 2.3]

Activity 3:

To differentiate between periods by identifying houses built according to the british style

[lo 2.3]

George III was reigning as king in Britain when the British took control of the Cape for the first time in 1795. The style of building that they were using at the time was known as the Georgian style.

The houses usually had three storeys, were built of bricks and whitewashed, and were decorated with lime-plaster (stucco). The impressive windows were large and glazed, and the window frames were painted green.

Questions & Answers

find the 15th term of the geometric sequince whose first is 18 and last term of 387
Jerwin Reply
The given of f(x=x-2. then what is the value of this f(3) 5f(x+1)
virgelyn Reply
hmm well what is the answer
Abhi
how do they get the third part x = (32)5/4
kinnecy Reply
can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
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ninjadapaul
20/(×-6^2)
Salomon
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
ninjadapaul
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
ninjadapaul
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
Salomon
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Salomon
I got X =-6
Salomon
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
ninjadapaul
oops. ignore that.
ninjadapaul
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
ninjadapaul
hmm
Abhi
is it a question of log
Abhi
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Abhi
Commplementary angles
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Uday
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Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
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or infinite solutions?
Kim
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Al
y=10×
Embra Reply
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Kristine 2*2*2=8
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Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
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No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
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linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
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. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
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Cied
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I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
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Porter
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Yasmin
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Uday
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what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
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AMJAD
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AMJAD
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Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
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Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
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Prasenjit
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Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
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the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
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Source:  OpenStax, Social sciences: history grade 5. OpenStax CNX. Sep 23, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10988/1.2
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