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Panel discussion presented by Tracy Voltz at the 2010 NSF ADVANCE Workshop: Negotiating the Ideal Faculty Position, A Workshop for Underrepresented PhDs and Postdocs in Science, Engineering and Psychology September 19-21, 2010

High impact presenters

  • Size up the situation
  • Organize an argument
  • Convey confidence
  • Integrate visuals
  • Handle questions
a woman giving a presentation
http://www.uaex.edu/Other_Areas/news/_archives/April2003/Stacy15.gif

Analyze audience

  • Who is your audience?
    • Why are they interested?
    • How much do they know?
    • What criteria do they use to make decisions?
    • How will they benefit?
    • What are their concerns?

Two men standing at a board discussing.
http://www.apple.com/jobs/us/corporate.html#retailcorp

Tailor message to audience

From: Barrett, Deborah (2007). Leadership Communication .
Non-Experts
  • Make it interesting
  • Provide background
  • Define terms
  • Distinguish between fact and opinion
  • Use examples, analogies, visuals
Experts
  • State how and why
  • Present limited background info
  • Use language of discipline
  • State assumptions and conclusions
  • Cite references

a large audience

Mixed audience strategy

  • Define key terms
  • Signal section headings
  • Support points with specific examples
  • Use analogies
  • Mention in-depth points periodically
  • Reiterate your main points as you proceed
  • Avoid jargon
  • End with a general summary

Academic job talk

  1. What problem are you investigating?
  2. Why is it important?
  3. How does your work fit into the context of your field?
  4. What’s your approach?
  5. What did you find that was significant?
  6. What are the implications of your findings?
  7. How is your work novel?

Typical but difficult

  • Chronological narratives
  • Inductive organization
 a cartoon with the captions 'as you can see in slide 397' 'gaaaaaah' 'powerpoint poisoning.
http://www.uni-koblenz.de/~vladimir/breviary/dilbert-powerpoint.gif

Inductive example

a diagram of a slide presentation showing that the thesis has been introduce too late.

Deductive example

a diagram of a slide presentation showing that the thesis has been introduced early in the talk.

The challenge

a chart diagramming audience attention

Start strong

Introduction

  • Motivate interest
  • State key point(s)
  • Preview topics
  • Establish credibility
  • Memorize opening

__________________

  • No apologies
  • No reintroduction
  • No “Today I’m gonna talk about . . . ”
Hans Rosling
Hans Rosling, TED conference 2006 (External Link)

Wolfe’s strong start

a picture of a TED talk
(External Link)

Directional hypercomplex wavelets for multi-dimensional signal anlysis and processing

three hypercomplex wavelets
Candidate’s name

Directional hypercomplex wavelets for multi-dimensional signal analysis and processing

a diagram of a wavelet

Candidate’s name

Electrical and Computer Engineering

Sept. 20, 2010

Outline

  • Introduction
  • Methods and applications
  • Results
  • Conclusions

Outline

  • Diagnosis of air quality priorities
  • Primary and secondary pollutants
  • High-order direct sensitivity analysis: Methods and applications
  • Uncertainty analysis
  • Optimization
  • Integrated air quality management: Experiences in Georgia
    • Challenges, priorities, planning
  • Vision for future research

Outline

  • Diagnosis of air quality priorities
  • High-order direct sensitivity analysis: Methods and applications
  • Integrated air quality management: Experiences in Georgia
  • Vision for future research

End strong

people clapping

Conclusion

  • Memorize
  • Send cue
  • Restate&summarize
  • Spell out implications

________________________

  • No “That’s it.”
  • No exaggerating
  • No ?s slide

Questions????

clipart of a humanoid character sitting in a question mark.

Conclusion

  • The network is capable of identifying the behavior of the family curve.
  • The amplitude and frequency values obtained with the ANN are close to those obtained by means of the 2-DOF model.
  • The accuracy in the results obtained can be improved if a greater number of samples is used.
  • Other combination of network parameters could allow getting better results.
  • The reduction in computation time is drastically reduced when using the ANN.
  • Identifies behavior of the family curve
  • Closely approximates amplitude and frequency of 2-DOF model
  • Drastically reduces computation time

Transitions

  • Create coherence
  • Make intuitive connections explicit
  • Weak verbal cues
    • “And another thing”
    • “So”
    • “Next”
  • Strong verbal cues
    • Sequence
      • “First”
    • Contrast
      • “However”
      • “On the other hand”
    • Causality
      • “Therefore”
      • “Consequently

Sample transitions

a picture of a transition from a mac slide to a windows slide.
  1. “So let’s jump into parts I thought were interesting.”
  2. “Next I’m gonna talk about Microsoft.
  3. “In contrast to Apple’s focus on ordinary consumers, Microsoft targets business users.”

Presenting data

  • Relevant results that support key points
  • BIG picture little picture
  • 4-step explanation:
    • Question
    • Describe
    • Report result
    • Interpret result
a chart

Leadership presence

a picture of Barack Obama
(External Link)
  • Enter with authority
  • Focus your energy
  • Pause before starting
  • Establish eye contact
  • Limit movement
  • Speak confidently

Convey confidence

a man and a suit
a woman giving a presentation
(External Link)

  • Stance
  • Gestures
  • Eye contact
  • Voice quality

Stance and posture

Bill Gates giving a presentation
(External Link)

 Steve Jobs giving a presentation
(External Link)

Stance and posture

  • Worst Practices
    • Block screen
    • Stomp feet
    • Cross feet
    • Rock, sway, pace
    • Slouch
    • Lean
  • Best Practices
    • Chin up
    • Feet under hips
    • Shoulders relaxed
    • Weight distributed
    • Knees slightly bent

stick figures demonstrating different postures

Gestures to avoid

  • Fidgeting
    • Fingers
    • Pen or laser pointer
    • Pockets
    • Hair
  • Hands on hips
  • Crossing arms
  • Gripping podium
  • Clasping hands
    • Fig leaf
    • Behind back
men standing giving a presentation
(External Link)

Effective gestures

a person pointing
Steve Jobs holding an iPod

Bill Gates gesturing
  • Power gestures
  • Concept gestures
  • Process gestures
  • Position
  • Scale

Practice gestures

  • “An atom consists of a dense, central nucleus surrounded by a cloud of electrons.
  • “A low pH indicates a high concentration of hydronium ions.”
  • “The particles must be dispersed evenly in the fluid.”
  • “It’s about the size of a quarter .”
  • That is unacceptable !

Eye contact

  • Worst practices
    • Stare at screen
    • Glance at floor or ceiling
    • Read slides or notes
  • Best practices
    • Direct
    • Sustained
    • Distributed

a man looking down while presenting
a woman presenting
(External Link)

Voice quality

  • Volume
  • Pacing
  • Inflection
  • Articulation
  • Fillers

a woman presenting
http:/docuguy.files.wordpress.com/2009/03/marissa_mayer_google_io-5_350x467.jpg

Handling questions

Google's founders presenting
(External Link)

Summary

an arrow showing the flow of a presentation.

References

the cover of Leadership Communication
Barrett, Deborah, Leadership Communication. McGraw-Hill, 2007.

logo for the Cain Project
Materials developed by Cain Project in Engineering and Professional Communication, www.cnx.org

cover of slide:ology
Duarte, Nancy. Slide:ology. O’Reilly, 2008.

Cover of Technically Speaking
D’Arcy, Jan. Technically Speaking. Columbus: Battelle Press, 1998.

Cover of How to Say it with your Voice
Jacobi, Jeffrey. How to Say It with Your Voice. Paramus: Prentice Hall, 2000.

the TED logo
Repository of interesting talks: Hans Rosling “The Best Stats You’ve Ever Seen” (External Link)

Image references

  • Eric Schmidt

(External Link)&imgrefurl=http://www.mediabistro.com/baynewser/google_stuffgoogle_ceo_defends_company_against_wall_street_journal_in_pages_of_wall_street_journal_144817.asp&usg=__3mt9PhrO_oWQ7ikSSioN2WzemCc=&h=334&w=500&sz=80&hl=en&start=16&um=1&tbnid=Uo8sDZW4wbUrjM:&tbnh=87&tbnw=130&prev=/images%3Fq%3Deric%2Bschmidt %26hl%3Den%26client%3Dfirefox-a%26rls%3Dorg.mozilla:en-US:official%26sa%3DN%26um%3D1

  • Steve Jobs

(External Link)

  • Bill Gates (Jeff J Mitchell / Getty Images)

(External Link)&imgrefurl=http:www.newsweek.comid142537&usg=__kZaLDBaXZY0ztGbJYA71P990hfE=&h=422&w=300&sz=20&hl=en&start=80&um=1&tbnid=vqtK6g2kFK_sSM:&tbnh=126&tbnw=90&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dbill%2Bgates%26ndsp%3D20%26hl%3Den%26client%3Dfirefox-a%26rls%3Dorg.mozilla:en-US:official%26sa%3DN%26start%3D60%26um%3D1

Questions & Answers

Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
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Source:  OpenStax, 2010 nsf advance workshop: negotiating the ideal faculty position. OpenStax CNX. Feb 11, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11275/1.4
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