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Differences in functionality

One set of difficulties derives from the fact that we are quite properly unwilling to settle for merely using digital technology as a way of reproducing what we used to do in print. If all that were at stake were the equivalent of typesetting and distribution of fixed editions (as is the case with works that were born in print and then scanned), digital technology could be an almost unmitigated boon. But, as a quick glance at the CV’s of many of the attendees at this symposium will demonstrate, scholars will not settle for mere reproduction of the print world. Rather, they want to produce and use works that have rich sets of links and specialized tools that allow them to do new and exciting things. The Rotunda Press’s electronic publication of Melville’s Typee is a fine example. The reader is given access to many editions, both in manuscript and encoded text, along with rich editorial commentary. This work could not be fully produced as traditional print. The implication is that for many applications, traditional print just won’t do. Alan Liu uses a number of examples to argue persuasively that “even in the care of humanists bred up in libraries, the digital today makes books go away.” “The End of the End of the Book: Dead Books, Lively Margins, and Social Computing,” Michigan Quarterly Review , Vol. XLVIII, No. 4, Fall, 2009, p.503.

The desire of scholars to produce and use works that can only be produced digitally poses both technical and economic problems for academic libraries and for publishers who produce works that are of interest to academic libraries. The essential functionality of digital scholarship is encoded in particular formats and markup languages that are likely to become obsolete over time. As newer works embody newer gadgets, the expertise needed to provide continued reliable access to older works often becomes hard to find. All of this can be dealt with, but only with costly attention and costly intervention. See, for example, Sustainable Economics for a Digital Planet: Ensuring Long-term Access to Digital Information, Final Report of the Blue Ribbon Task Force on Sustainable Digital Preservation and Access, February 2010. Final draft available at brtf.sdsc.edu/biblio/BRTF_Final_Report.pdf .

Differences in continuing curatorial requirements

Even when the technical problems involved in preserving digital works are relatively straightforward, libraries and publishers (whichever is doing the direct provision) have to deal with the fact that digital works require active effort on the part of provisioners in a way that is quite different from print. The Founding Fathers Papers and Founding Documents published by Rotunda provide good examples here. The papers are in XML, which will last a while and which will surely have a good migration path in the future, so the issue I have raised above is relatively unimportant. But no matter how stable the format, it costs money—power, hardware replacement, staffing the help desk—to make the works accessible every day. There is nothing very fancy about this—it’s actually analogous (if I may use that word) to the cost associated with keeping books on a shelf. But, unlike the cost of keeping books on a shelf, there is a continuous set of production activities and associated outlays of money that can be attributed to each digital publication. When a major research library “purchases” the electronic version of George Washington’s papers, it shells out several thousand dollars and it commits to paying an annual maintenance fee to cover operational costs and improvements. For the highest tier of libraries, the annual maintenance for the Washington papers is $300, which has a present value of $10,000 discounted at 3 percent real interest (that is, interest net of inflation). At 5 percent real interest, the present value would be $6,000. At the lowest tier of institution the charges would have present values that are a tenth of these amounts. No doubt in terms of cost the large institutions subsidize the small ones, but note that the present values, which can be interpreted as the endowment necessary to provide the maintenance in perpetuity, are additional to the one-time purchase cost of $7361, approximately doubling the total cost of the resource for a library. The details are different for other publications of Rotunda Press, but the story is qualitatively similar. Assuming similar first copy costs for both print and electronic, this ratio is high for electronic publications, but typical of print publications (see footnote 6).

Questions & Answers

can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
I got X =-6
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
oops. ignore that.
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
im all ears I need to learn
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
is it 3×y ?
Joan Reply
J, combine like terms 7x-4y
Bridget Reply
im not good at math so would this help me
Rachael Reply
I'm not good at math so would you help me
what is the problem that i will help you to self with?
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Online humanities scholarship: the shape of things to come. OpenStax CNX. May 08, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11199/1.1
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