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Social sciences: geography

Grade 9

Development issues

Module 1

Political background

1. Political background

  • The Second World War influenced political activities as well as development in South Africa. There was discord amongst the whites and the blacks were becoming impatient. The ANC and their Youth League became active and the Smuts government was in doubt about the road they should follow. The country was rapidly getting urbanised, which had certain implications for its development. The government of that time was of the opinion that segregation (separation and inequality amongst the different races) should be removed from the system. The pass laws became less stringent, blacks were recognised as men and women, and welfare programmes were launched to ensure the development of all the country’s people. In the meantime, however, Afrikaner nationalism was growing. This was the beginning of important changes in the country. Eventually the National Party won die general elections in 1948. This made them the governing party and the system of Apartheid became official. Segregation or the separation of races became formal practice, and all groups and areas were not developed equally. Certain areas and population groups remained behind. This is why we still refer to “previously disadvantaged communities”. The present government is trying to rectify the situation by offering everybody equal access to development and prosperity. This is one of the country’s biggest challenges in which all of us have to cooperate.

Genl. J.C. Smuts – leader in the United Party

A typical example of separate amenities

The first three prime ministers after the National Party came into power. From left to right:dr. D.F. Malan (1948 – 1954), mr. J.G. Strydom (1954 – 1958) and dr. H.F. Verwoerd (1958 – 1966)

Activity 1:

To write an essay on the changes that took place in South Africa after 1940

[LO 3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 3.4]

Study the following photos. Write an essay of one A4-page to describe the changes in more detail. Give examples of specific changes that had taken place. The History teacher and the learners’ parents and other members of the family might be able to supply more information. Ask two or three learners to read their reports to the class, and encourage discussion.

District Six

Selected sources to consult

1. Müller, C.F.J. e.a.: 500 Jaar Suid-Afrikaanse Geskiedenis, Kaapstad. 1980

2. Ormer-Cooper, J.D.: History of Southern Africa, London, 1994

3. Welsh, F.: A History of South Africa, London, 2000

4. Giliomee, H.: The Afrikaners, Cape Town, 2004


Learning outcomes(LO)
LO 3
EXPLORING THE ISSUES The learner can take informed decisions on social and environmental issues and problems
Assessment standards(AS)
This is clear when the learner:
  1. identifies social and environmental conflicts in South Africa and compares it with other contexts [identifies the issue];
3.2 identifies factors that have an influence on selected social and environmental disputes, including those regarding rights; gender; social, economical and political claims within a specific context [factors affecting the issues];
  1. analyses the reason for disputes or conflicts [makes choices];
3.4 takes informed decisions on various solutions to social and environmental conflicts [makes choices].

Questions & Answers

find the 15th term of the geometric sequince whose first is 18 and last term of 387
Jerwin Reply
I know this work
The given of f(x=x-2. then what is the value of this f(3) 5f(x+1)
virgelyn Reply
hmm well what is the answer
how do they get the third part x = (32)5/4
kinnecy Reply
can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
I got X =-6
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
oops. ignore that.
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
is it a question of log
I rally confuse this number And equations too I need exactly help
But this is not salma it's Faiza live in lousvile Ky I garbage this so I am going collage with JCTC that the of the collage thank you my friends
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
im all ears I need to learn
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Geography grade 9. OpenStax CNX. Sep 14, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11057/1.1
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