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Mountford and Brunner (2001) claim the development of a collaborative working relationship among board members, resulting from understanding motivations, can encourage more candidates to run for board positions. Boards that get along well and are productive in their working relationship create a better model which encourages others to aspire to board membership.

This knowledge gives valuable insight in terms of the importance of understanding board members as individuals and in terms of how board members function as a group. According to Mountford and Brunner (1999), it is important to examine the motivational forces to help understand the group dynamics on a board. “If decisions are based on hidden or personal agendas and superintendents and other board members are micromanaged by single-issue board members, how can school governance overcome these obstacles to meet high levels of accountability at state and federal levels?” (p. 18).

Method

Purpose of the study

The primary purpose of the study was to determine perceptions school board members have regarding their motivations and challenges when running for the board of education and their perceived challenges once seated on the board.

Instrumentation

A self-administered survey with 63 questions was developed which included forced choices concerning motivation for running for the board, challenges for running for the board, and challenges once seated on the board. The survey instrument also elicited demographic information.

The survey was piloted with an N of 9 current and former board members. The feedback from the pilot allowed the researchers to refine survey questions, clarify terms, and condense the survey to the most pertinent questions.

Sample

The target population consisted of 6,000 current Illinois school board members. The population was a random 10% sample drawn from the membership of the Illinois Association of School Boards (IASB) which represents 99% of current school board members in the state of Illinois. One hundred thirty six persons responded, yielding a 23% response rate.

Data collection and data analysis

Illinois Association of School Boards (IASB) was the partnering agent who distributed the survey to the sample population. Paper surveys were mailed from IASB in June 2010. Returned surveys were collected and returned by mid-July 2010 to the researchers for analysis. Data were analyzed by frequencies and percentages.

Results

The primary purpose of the study was to determine the perceptions school board members have regarding their motivations and challenges when running for the board of education, as well as the challenges encountered, once seated on the board.

Demographic information

Demographic data from the respondents were gathered regarding gender, age, years of service, highest level of education, type of community, and district type, as well as school district enrollment.

Gender of school board members.

Results of the 2010 survey revealed male school board members constituted 55% of the membership of boards and female board members constituted 45%. Gender makeup of boards revealed the most common gender makeup among respondents was two female board members and five male board members.

Questions & Answers

can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
ninjadapaul
20/(×-6^2)
Salomon
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
ninjadapaul
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
ninjadapaul
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
Salomon
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
Salomon
I got X =-6
Salomon
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
ninjadapaul
oops. ignore that.
ninjadapaul
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
ninjadapaul
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
hello
Sherica
im all ears I need to learn
Sherica
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
Tamia
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
Kim
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Al
y=10×
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
is it 3×y ?
Joan Reply
J, combine like terms 7x-4y
Bridget Reply
im not good at math so would this help me
Rachael Reply
yes
Asali
I'm not good at math so would you help me
Samantha
what is the problem that i will help you to self with?
Asali
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Education leadership review special issue: portland conference, volume 12, number 3 (october 2011). OpenStax CNX. Oct 17, 2011 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11362/1.5
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