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Arts and culture

Grade 4

Creating, interpreting and performing

Module 21

Drama: warming up


Before we start with our drama classes, you will have to be relaxed and warmed up. Ready? Good!

Activity 1

To perform relaxation and breathing exercises: the warm-up [lo 1.3]

  • Your educator will guide you through the following exercises and explain why you are doing them.

Relaxation 1:

  • Stand with your feet apart.
  • Reach upwards with your fingertips, palms facing and fingers splayed.
  • Try to touch the ceiling.
  • Imagine there is a wire attached to each fingertip and to the crown of your head.
  • You are being drawn up on to your toes towards the ceiling by the wires.
  • Feel the body elongate.
  • Hold this position for ten counts.
  • Imagine that the wires are suddenly cut.
  • Your hands, wrists, arms, head and shoulders will drop.
  • Let your arms hang loosely at your sides.
  • Let your head hang down.
  • Notice how easy and comfortable the muscles feel after the release of the tension.
  • Allow the head and arms to hang for a moment.
  • Then stand up straight.

Relaxation 2:

  • Stand with your feet apart.
  • Thrust your splayed fingertips and the crown of your head rhythmically at the ceiling.
  • After five thrusts, hold the position. Strain upwards for a further count of ten.
  • Let the whole body above the waist relax. Slump forward.
  • The trunk, arms, hands and head must hang down in a relaxed easy manner.
  • Allow the arms to dangle loosely until they come to a halt of their own accord.
  • Hang limp for a few moments.
  • Adjust your legs.
  • Slowly stand up straight.

Posture 1:

  • Stand with your heels a few inches away from the wall.
  • Rest your back against the wall.
  • Allow arms to hang loosely.
  • Feel that the head is poised, with your chin level.
  • Bend your knees and allow your body to lower itself.
  • Feel the spinal area in the lumbar region straighten and contact the wall.
  • Slide up and down the wall a few times.
  • Feel your spine straightening as you lower your body.

Posture 2:

  • Stand up straight, with feet apart.
  • Reach out sideways with your hands as far as possible.
  • Splay your fingers, palms to the ground, thumbs pointing forwards.
  • Turn the palms upwards so that the thumbs are pointing to the back.
  • Feel the shoulders rolled back as you twist your hands round as far as you can.
  • Continue to stretch outwards.
  • Slowly lower your arms and try to touch your thighs with the backs of the fingers.
  • Feel the lower part of the chest expand as the arms lower.
  • Do not poke your head forward.
  • This is a good corrective exercise for rounded shoulders.


  • Lie on the floor with your arms slightly away from your body – hands loose.
  • Draw your knees up until the soles of your feet are flat on the floor.
  • Place your hands gently on the lower side of the ribs.
  • Breathe in slowly through your nose and out through your mouth.
  • Become aware of the movement your rib-cage is making.
  • Pant like a dog – in and out, rapidly.
  • Become aware of the power you can exert over your breath if you wish.
  • Breathe in through your nose to a count of five – hold for a moment – allow it to flow out silently from a wide open jaw for a count of five.
  • All movements must be in the lower part of the chest.

Warm-up 1: Red, Blue, Yellow

  • Sit on a chair in a circle with a space between each chair.
  • Your educator will give each of you in the circle a colour – alternating red and blue.
  • The purpose of this exercise is precise movement, with no fuss and in complete SILENCE.
  • On the order ‘RED’, all the reds must rise and find another chair.
  • On the order ‘BLUE’, all the blues have to find another chair.
  • On the order ‘YELLOW’, everyone finds another chair.
  • Vary the movement from slow motion to fast reaction .
  • No contact may be made.

Warm-up 2:

  • The whole group should jog about in a space.
  • Your educator will have a whistle.
  • When the educator blows the whistle, everyone must freeze.
  • The educator will point to a ‘victim’.
  • The ‘victim’ instantly acquires his own extraordinary movement routine and leaps into action.
  • All in the group are affected in the same way.
  • After 10 seconds, the educator will blow the whistle again.
  • Everyone freezes.
  • Another ‘victim’ is pointed out.


LEARNING OUTCOME 1: CREATING, INTERPRETING AND PRESENTING The learner will be able to create, interpret and present work in each of the art forms.

Assessment standard

We know this when the learner:

1.3 performs simple teacher-directed relaxation and breathing exercises when warming up and cooling down.

Questions & Answers

so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
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what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Arts and culture grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 17, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11087/1.1
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