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By the end of this section, you will be able to:
  • Use the definition of percent
  • Convert percents to fractions and decimals
  • Convert decimals and fractions to percents

Before you get started, take this readiness quiz.

  1. Translate “the ratio of 33 to 5” into an algebraic expression.
    If you missed this problem, review Evaluate, Simplify and Translate Expressions .
  2. Write 3 5 as a decimal.
    If you missed this problem, review Decimals and Fractions .
  3. Write 0.62 as a fraction.
    If you missed this problem, review Decimals .

Use the definition of percent

How many cents are in one dollar? There are 100 cents in a dollar. How many years are in a century? There are 100 years in a century. Does this give you a clue about what the word “percent” means? It is really two words, “per cent,” and means per one hundred. A percent    is a ratio whose denominator is 100 . We use the percent symbol %, to show percent.

Percent

A percent is a ratio whose denominator is 100 .

According to data from the American Association of Community Colleges ( 2015 ) , about 57% of community college students are female. This means 57 out of every 100 community college students are female, as [link] shows. Out of the 100 squares on the grid, 57 are shaded, which we write as the ratio 57 100 .

The figure shows a hundred flat with 57 units shaded.
Among every 100 community college students, 57 are female.

Similarly, 25% means a ratio of 25 100 , 3% means a ratio of 3 100 and 100% means a ratio of 100 100 . In words, "one hundred percent" means the total -100%- is 100 100 , and since 100 100 = 1 , we see that 100% means 1 whole.

According to the Public Policy Institute of California ( 2010 ) , 44% of parents of public school children would like their youngest child to earn a graduate degree. Write this percent as a ratio.

Solution

The amount we want to convert is 44%. 44%
Write the percent as a ratio. Remember that percent means per 100. 44 100
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Write the percent as a ratio.

According to a survey, 89% of college students have a smartphone.

89 100

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Write the percent as a ratio.

A study found that 72% of U.S. teens send text messages regularly.

72 100

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In 2007 , according to a U.S. Department of Education report, 21 out of every 100 first-time freshmen college students at 4-year public institutions took at least one remedial course. Write this as a ratio and then as a percent.

Solution

The amount we want to convert is 21 out of every 100 .

Write as a ratio. 21 100
Convert the 21 per 100 to percent. 21%
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Write as a ratio and then as a percent: The American Association of Community Colleges reported that 62 out of 100 full-time community college students balance their studies with full-time or part time employment.

62 100 , 62%

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Write as a ratio and then as a percent: In response to a student survey, 41 out of 100 Santa Ana College students expressed a goal of earning an Associate's degree or transferring to a four-year college.

41 100 , 41%

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Convert percents to fractions and decimals

Since percents are ratios, they can easily be expressed as fractions. Remember that percent    means per 100 , so the denominator of the fraction is 100 .

Convert a percent to a fraction.

  1. Write the percent as a ratio with the denominator 100 .
  2. Simplify the fraction if possible.

Questions & Answers

how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
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what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
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Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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why surface tension is zero at critical temperature
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. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
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Practice Key Terms 1

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Source:  OpenStax, Prealgebra. OpenStax CNX. Jul 15, 2016 Download for free at http://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11756/1.9
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