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English first additional language

Grade 8


Module 18

Responding to texts

Activity 1:

To read a text (fiction) and read for information

[lo 3.1, 3.4.3]

We celebrate many different occasions. Among others, we celebrate events which are linked to our political history. One such day in South Africa is Youth Day. This day commemorates the tragic day when children risked their lives to fight against discrimination and racism.

  • In the following article, the youth tell us how they remember that day and also compare their expectations of the future with the reality of living in the new South Africa today.

The Long Walk Down Vilakazi STreet

The setting winter sun bathes the gently curving road, casting the children, the commuters and the face-brick houses in brilliant gold. In that instant, the narrow Soweto street appears welcoming and prosperous. However, this was not always the case in Vilakazi Street, Orlando West.

Twenty-five years ago, on 16 June, 1976, the street became a war zone when police opened fire on about 15 000 pupils demonstrating against Bantu education. In a day of violence, 23 people – including 13-year-old Hector Peterson – were killed and 219 injured. The violence sparked a popular uprising that eventually became known as the “Soweto riots”.

It was a day residents of Vilakazi Street had never expected to witness – and which they can never forget. “I got home from work about 6 pm. The tyres were burning. Cars were burning. The police were roaming around”, said Mxolisi Ngcoza, 47, who is now unemployed.

Ngcoza, who has lived in Vilakazi Street since 1964, said he had been aware from radio broadcasts that there had been “trouble” in the townships and that it was “bad”, but he had not been prepared for the magnitude of the violence.

Vilakazi Street – the only road in the world that boasts two Nobel Peace Prize Laureates in former President Nelson Mandela and Archbishop Desmond Tutu – was never the same. “The children had our support. They brought Soweto and our problems to the attention of the world. It was the same in 1984, 1985 and 1986. If it were not for them, I often think, what would have happened next? How much longer would we have waited?” says Bobby Makwetla, 59, a former Vilakazi Street resident.

Life in Vilakazi Street changed over the ensuing years. A tarred road replaced the gravel street, and bigger houses replaced council houses damaged in the 1976 clashes. A block of flats built by computer company IBM and fancy fences were added to the mix.

After a negotiated settlement and the election in 1994, the residents of Vilakazi Street had finally gained their freedom.

The standard of living has deteriorated because most people don’t have jobs,” said Shadrack Motau, a former IBM employee. Motau’s sentiments are echoed up and down the street, where many unemployed and desperate residents spend their days at home.

Yet Mafafane and Matau say that the struggle was not in vain. “It was worth every minute, despite the predicament the youth find themselves in.” Mafafane added: “We have freedom of expression and freedom of movement. Things have changed dramatically, even though they are not material things.”

Questions & Answers

find the 15th term of the geometric sequince whose first is 18 and last term of 387
Jerwin Reply
The given of f(x=x-2. then what is the value of this f(3) 5f(x+1)
virgelyn Reply
hmm well what is the answer
how do they get the third part x = (32)5/4
kinnecy Reply
can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
I got X =-6
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
oops. ignore that.
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
is it a question of log
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
im all ears I need to learn
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, English first additional language grade 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 11, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11042/1.1
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