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Against this backdrop, the Smithsonian Photography Initiative (SPI) was established in 2001. Smithsonian Photographic Initiative: (External Link) . It serves as a central, web-based programming unit designed to stimulate dialogue about the cultural impact ofphotography with new and existing Smithsonian audiences. Organized as a series of integrated programs, the website Click! photography changes everything The Smithsonian Institution explains that “Click! photography changes everything” isa collection of essays and stories by experts who discuss how photography shapes our culture and our lives. [It explores]how photography changes Who We Are , What We Do , What We See , Where We Go , What We Want and What We Remember .” (External Link) . invites the public to consider ways in which photography enables people to see, experience,and interact with the world. Although the Search Images feature of the website presents a relatively small percentage of art, science, culture, and historyimages available in each of the Smithsonian’s units, it does present the only pan-institutional image cross-section. SPI does not provide sales or licensingservices; instead it redirects web visitors via links to the websites of the SI units, which each manage their own images and content. There is no consistentpolicy regarding licensing fees across the units of the Smithsonian Institution, and some work with third-party licensing agencies such as Corbis and ArtResource.

At the same time the Smithsonian Photography Initiative was launched, Smithsonian Images Smithsonian Images: (External Link)_nfpb=true&_pageLabel=content&contentpath=about.html . was created as a pilot web program with the goals of using credit cards for e-commerce and increasing visibility and access to its online digital images. Fees charged for non-commercial use were designated for recovery of distributioncosts rather than to generate profit for the Institution. From its inception, Smithsonian Images has permitted free download of digital images at a non-publication resolution for educational, scholarly and personal use under the terms of “fair use.”

Early in 2007, the Smithsonian Institution’s Digitization Steering Committee issued a report with recommendations about theresources and infrastructure needed to create, manage, provide access to, and use the Institution’s digital assets to effectively meet the needs of real andvirtual visitors. In April 2007, the Smithsonian met with Library of Congress staff to discuss technology infrastructure requirements to support digitizationand various procedural considerations, including intellectual property rights. The Smithsonian Digital Media Use Committee was formed in July 2007 to create anew pan-institutional policy reflecting current technologies and SI’s commitment to providing broad access to digital assets in a manner consistent with itslegal and stewardship responsibilities.

Barriers to making images available free of charge

Although the Smithsonian Institution seeks to increase access for educational and research purposes, it cites the followingreasons for not making images available free of charge for scholarly publishing:

Questions & Answers

how do they get the third part x = (32)5/4
kinnecy Reply
can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
I got X =-6
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
oops. ignore that.
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
im all ears I need to learn
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
is it 3×y ?
Joan Reply
J, combine like terms 7x-4y
Bridget Reply
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Art museum images in scholarly publishing. OpenStax CNX. Jul 08, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10728/1.1
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