<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

Geography

Grade 4

Map work

Map symbols

Module 5

A large area is usually shown in a small picture on a map. Numbers, letters and pictures are then used to indicate rivers, roads, railway lines, buildings, etc. They are called map symbols. To explain the symbols on a map, a symbol key is used.

1.the plan (map) of my classroom

Tom has drawn a map (plan) of his classroom:

Tom’s classroom

Scale: 1 square = 1 step

The classroom was too big to be drawn on a sheet of paper, and TOM had to REDUCE the classroom. For each step that he took, he used one square on the paper. The tables and other items were also reduced in the same way.

Activity 1

To draw a plan of the classroom [lo 1.3]

Use the symbol key given and draw a plan of your classroom as you think it will look from the air. You can add to the key if you want to. You can use colour, but work in pencil first to plan it. Use one step for each square. Work on your own.

My classroom

Key

That looks very nice!

Your educator will now give you a plan of your classroom that he/she has drawn up.

Activity 2

To compare two plans with one another [lo 1.3]

1. Compare your educator’s plan with the one that you drew for your classroom. Check to see where you made mistakes.

2. Measure the length of the classroom in steps. It is steps long.

3. Measure the width of the classroom in steps. It is steps wide.

  1. Colour your desk red.
  2. Draw the shortest route to the door of the classroom with a red arrow.

2.a plan of the school grounds

  • Today we are going to study a bigger plan. We are going to represent the ENTIRE SCHOOL GROUNDS on a plan (map).
  • However, we must first do FIELDWORK to gather all the knowledge required.

Activity 3

To represent the school grounds on a plan [lo 1.4]

Take a piece of paper and a pencil with you to make notes and sketches of everything you see. Look carefully at the following:

1. The location and shape of the school building.

2. The location and shape of other buildings on the school grounds.

3. The location and shape of the sports fields.

4. The location and shape of the playing fields.

5. The location and shape of the flower gardens.

6. The location of the main entrance gate.

7. The names of the streets on all sides of the school grounds.

8. Make sure where the four main directions are located.

Back in the classroom

Your educator will now hand out a completed plan of the school grounds:

1. Turn your desks so that you all face NORTH.

2. Study the plan of the school grounds carefully and decide where the four main directions are. Indicate these on the plan.

3. Study the plan of the school grounds carefully and compare it with your notes. Do you agree with the location of the buildings and other objects?

4. Use the key to your plan and colour in the plan accordingly: Example: school buildings – red sports fields - green

5. If you have a problem, your educator can take you outside again to make sure of your facts.

6. Indicate the route from your classroom to the principal’s office with a red arrow.

7. In what direction does the front door of your school face?

8. Write down the names of the various streets around the school in the correct places on the plan.

3. Our immediate surroundings

  • This is a street plan of a portion of Cape Town

Activity 4

To read a street plan [lo 1.5]

1. Why do we need a street plan of a city?

……………………………………………………………………………………….

……………………………………………………………………………………….

2. In what direction does building A lie from building C?

……………………………………………………………………………………….

3. Use red to indicate the shortest route from point C to point D on the map (take one-way streets into consideration).

4. You are standing on the corner of Loop and Leeuwen Streets. Explain to a tourist how to get from that position to point D.

………………………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………………

Your educator will later give you a map just like this one of your own environment. However, today we are first going to do FIELDWORK again in our own environment.

Your educator will now give each of you a map of your immediate environment. Answer the following questions (note the key to the map):

1. Find your school on the street plan and colour it in.

2. Find your own home, or that of someone you know well, on the map. Colour it in with a different colour.

3. Indicate the route that you followed on your fieldwork outing on the map.

4. Which street is south of your school? ……………………………….

5. Indicate on your own map the important buildings and other features that your educator pointed out during the outing.

Assessment

Learning outcome 1: geographical enquiry

The learner will be able to use enquiry skills to investigate geographical and

environmental concepts and processes.

Assessment standard

We know this when the learner:

1.3 identifies symbols used in different kinds of maps (including plan view, grids and map keys) [works with sources].

1.4 locates places using a simple grid referencing system and directions [works with sources];

1.5 identifies important political boundaries and key human and physical features on large-scale maps [works with sources].

Memorandum

  1. Not to get lost

To find places

To find the shortest routes

  1. S

4. 2 blocks east (in Leeuwen)

2 blocks south

Questions & Answers

how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Good
Berger describes sociologists as concerned with
Mueller Reply
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
QuizOver.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!





Source:  OpenStax, Geography grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 17, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11084/1.1
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Geography grade 4' conversation and receive update notifications?

Ask