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History

Grade 4

The origins of the main religions of the world

Comparing the world’s main religions

Module 14

The different world religions are compared in the following tables. Conduct a class discussion on this.

Activity 1

To find and use sources for reporting on the different religions of the world [lo 1.3]

A)supply the religions to match the key, and use colour to indicate the different religions:

KEY
…………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………..…………………………………………………………………..

B)first study the table on each religion as a group after which a group discussion on the different religions is conducted.

Judaism

  • What differences and similarities exist between Christians and Jews?
  • How would you recognise a synagogue?
  • What are kosher products?

Islam

  • What happens during Ramadan?
  • Why did Islam spread as rapidly and widely as it did?
  • Do Muslim people believe in Abraham, Moses and Jesus as prophets?

Hinduism

  • Why is vegetarianism common among Hindus?
  • What are incarnation and meditation?
  • What is the role of the gods in this religion?

Buddhism

  • What do you know about monasteries and monks?

Christianity

  • Why was the Christian religion particularly acceptable to the poor at the beginning?
  • Why did Christianity spread so rapidly?

Assessment

LEARNING OUTCOME 1: HISTORICAL ENQUIRY The learner will be able to use enquiry skills to investigate the past and present.

Assessment standard

We know this when the learner:

1.3 communicates information from sources (reporting):

  • able to repeat stories verbally;
  • able to use a picture to tell a story.

Memorandum

(a) Buddhism; Christianity; Islam; Hinduism; Judaism

(b) Judaism

The Jews had two Holy Scriptures: the Tenakh (Old Testament) and the Thalmud (commentary on the Old Testament). Jews and Christians therefore share two thirds of the Bible.

  • The Jews firmly believe in God, the creator and maintainer of all things. God is almighty and holy (Deut. 6:4).

Jews do not believe that Jesus of Nazareth is the Messiah. He still has to come.

  • It is a Jewish building. It is square or rectangular. The Ark is found on the one side (rolls that contain the laws) facing towards Jerusalem.
  • Kosher means pure .

Islam

  • During the month of Ramadan , the month in which the Qur’an was revealed, it is expected of everybody (except the ill, the aged and small children) to fast from sunrise to sunset. During the night food and drink may be used. It teaches the Moslem people self-discipline, dependence and sensitivity towards the less privileged everywhere on Earth.
  • Strong leadership (Mohammed); appealing religion, because the responsibilities of believers are clearly stated.
  • The Moslem people believe that they pursue the same religion as Abraham, Jacob and Ishmael. The Islam recognizes the prophets of the Bible, and has a high esteem of Jesus as exceptional prophet and messenger. After God (Allah) revealed himself through the prophets (also Jesus) to the people, He revealed himself the clearest through Mohammed.

Hinduism

  • Various animal gods are worshipped, e.g. Hanumam (monkey of learning), Ganesha (with the head of an elephant and a trunk – the lord of the army), cow (honoured as a human being – the most exalted in creation).
  • Reincarnation : all living creatures return every time in a new form (eg. egg, worm, larvae, butterfly).

Meditation

  • Literally millions of deities exist. Almost every plant, animal, river, or natural phenomena is honoured as a god. However, there are certain supreme beings such as Brahman (omnipresent and mighty ruler), Trimurti (consists of Brahma, Wisjnoe and Sjiwa).

Buddhism

  • Buddhism – monks live a simple life and sacrifice most of their belongings. They pray, teach and meditate and beg for their food.

Christianity

  • The father of Jesus was a carpenter and his followers were ordinary people: craftsmen, traders, fishermen and tax collectors. The gospel of Jesus (preaching love, hope and salvation) attracted the poor and suppressed. He used stories about farming and daily events as parables to teach people spiritual truths.
  • There was a period of peace in the Roman Empire (Pax Romana). King Constantine legalized religious freedom in the roman Empire.
  • Greek as general vernacular was spoken because everybody understood it.
  • The translation of the Old Testament into Greek.
  • An excellent network of roads between the important cities – it encouraged people to travel.
  • There was a message of hope and liberation for everybody.
  • Devoted disciples and apostles (e.g. Paul) were prepared to die as martyrs for their religion.

Questions & Answers

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Damian Reply
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Daniel
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it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
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Abigail
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
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Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
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Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
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Yasmin
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I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
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what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
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after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
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silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
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Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
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Source:  OpenStax, History grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 17, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11089/1.1
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