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Grade 4

The origins of the main religions of the world

Comparing the world’s main religions

Module 14

The different world religions are compared in the following tables. Conduct a class discussion on this.

Activity 1

To find and use sources for reporting on the different religions of the world [lo 1.3]

A)supply the religions to match the key, and use colour to indicate the different religions:


B)first study the table on each religion as a group after which a group discussion on the different religions is conducted.


  • What differences and similarities exist between Christians and Jews?
  • How would you recognise a synagogue?
  • What are kosher products?


  • What happens during Ramadan?
  • Why did Islam spread as rapidly and widely as it did?
  • Do Muslim people believe in Abraham, Moses and Jesus as prophets?


  • Why is vegetarianism common among Hindus?
  • What are incarnation and meditation?
  • What is the role of the gods in this religion?


  • What do you know about monasteries and monks?


  • Why was the Christian religion particularly acceptable to the poor at the beginning?
  • Why did Christianity spread so rapidly?


LEARNING OUTCOME 1: HISTORICAL ENQUIRY The learner will be able to use enquiry skills to investigate the past and present.

Assessment standard

We know this when the learner:

1.3 communicates information from sources (reporting):

  • able to repeat stories verbally;
  • able to use a picture to tell a story.


(a) Buddhism; Christianity; Islam; Hinduism; Judaism

(b) Judaism

The Jews had two Holy Scriptures: the Tenakh (Old Testament) and the Thalmud (commentary on the Old Testament). Jews and Christians therefore share two thirds of the Bible.

  • The Jews firmly believe in God, the creator and maintainer of all things. God is almighty and holy (Deut. 6:4).

Jews do not believe that Jesus of Nazareth is the Messiah. He still has to come.

  • It is a Jewish building. It is square or rectangular. The Ark is found on the one side (rolls that contain the laws) facing towards Jerusalem.
  • Kosher means pure .


  • During the month of Ramadan , the month in which the Qur’an was revealed, it is expected of everybody (except the ill, the aged and small children) to fast from sunrise to sunset. During the night food and drink may be used. It teaches the Moslem people self-discipline, dependence and sensitivity towards the less privileged everywhere on Earth.
  • Strong leadership (Mohammed); appealing religion, because the responsibilities of believers are clearly stated.
  • The Moslem people believe that they pursue the same religion as Abraham, Jacob and Ishmael. The Islam recognizes the prophets of the Bible, and has a high esteem of Jesus as exceptional prophet and messenger. After God (Allah) revealed himself through the prophets (also Jesus) to the people, He revealed himself the clearest through Mohammed.


  • Various animal gods are worshipped, e.g. Hanumam (monkey of learning), Ganesha (with the head of an elephant and a trunk – the lord of the army), cow (honoured as a human being – the most exalted in creation).
  • Reincarnation : all living creatures return every time in a new form (eg. egg, worm, larvae, butterfly).


  • Literally millions of deities exist. Almost every plant, animal, river, or natural phenomena is honoured as a god. However, there are certain supreme beings such as Brahman (omnipresent and mighty ruler), Trimurti (consists of Brahma, Wisjnoe and Sjiwa).


  • Buddhism – monks live a simple life and sacrifice most of their belongings. They pray, teach and meditate and beg for their food.


  • The father of Jesus was a carpenter and his followers were ordinary people: craftsmen, traders, fishermen and tax collectors. The gospel of Jesus (preaching love, hope and salvation) attracted the poor and suppressed. He used stories about farming and daily events as parables to teach people spiritual truths.
  • There was a period of peace in the Roman Empire (Pax Romana). King Constantine legalized religious freedom in the roman Empire.
  • Greek as general vernacular was spoken because everybody understood it.
  • The translation of the Old Testament into Greek.
  • An excellent network of roads between the important cities – it encouraged people to travel.
  • There was a message of hope and liberation for everybody.
  • Devoted disciples and apostles (e.g. Paul) were prepared to die as martyrs for their religion.

Questions & Answers

find the 15th term of the geometric sequince whose first is 18 and last term of 387
Jerwin Reply
I know this work
The given of f(x=x-2. then what is the value of this f(3) 5f(x+1)
virgelyn Reply
hmm well what is the answer
how do they get the third part x = (32)5/4
kinnecy Reply
can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
I got X =-6
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
oops. ignore that.
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
is it a question of log
I rally confuse this number And equations too I need exactly help
But this is not salma it's Faiza live in lousvile Ky I garbage this so I am going collage with JCTC that the of the collage thank you my friends
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
im all ears I need to learn
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, History grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 17, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11089/1.1
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