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English first additional language

English with tim and tina

Educator section

Memorandum

The topics chosen for the modules in Grade 1 are all related to stories which reflect the learners’ experience in the world in which they are growing up. They are relevant to both boys and girls.

Much depends on the number of times the learners hear the stories and rhymes and the provision made for the repetition of the vocabulary introduced. At first this is done classically. As the learners become more familiar with English they can communicate with a friend. Eventually they will want to tell the teacher and answer questions about the texts.

The educators must keep in mind that there may be many/some learners in the class who are still only at the listening stage, but with the necessary encouragement and praise they will soon join in and begin speaking in English.

Time scheduled for the modules 1 to 8

It is suggested that the average learners complete all eight modules during the year, finishing ± two modules per term.

Allow the slower learners to proceed at their own pace when doing the written activities but expose them to all the listening and speaking activities with the class.

The quick learners can be extended and given more tasks and activities to complete.

Tim and Tina are off to school. Days of the week and their order are introduced through a poem which the learners can repeatedly listen to and eventually memorise. Tim and Tina teach learners to use words relating to: direction, e.g. up, down, round, across, into; clothes; classrooms; writing tools and how to make a sandwich.

The correct pronunciation is important at this stage and the educator will ensure that pupils put their tongues between their front teeth for words with th (“the”).

Integration of themes

  • Human Rights and Inclusively

Education is a basic right for everybody. Therefore schools should be there to educate learners, irrespective of status.

  • A healthy environment

The school environment needs to be attractive, well cared for and safe.

It is suggested that the educator records sounds in the school environment. Learners listen to the tape and identify, e.g., a bell ringing, children singing, someone reading, children playing and an educator talking. Learners can identify the school as the place where these sounds occur.

When the vocabulary, e.g. pencil, book, ruler, etc., are introduced, the educator can put these articles in a bag. The learners can take turns to feel an article, try to describe it, name it and then take it out to see whether they are correct. Flashcards with the words, can help with word recognition.

Pages which are to be kept in their files, can be used for the game "Flip the Coin", to be played with a friend. Encourage learners to read these pages to friends and also at home for practice.

Correct pronunciation is important and the educator should particularly take note that learners pronounce the "th" as in "the" correctly.

Whenever the word "read" occurs, the class say the lines with the educator. They can point to the words as they are read.

The school situation lends itself to much practical work as regards the correct form of greeting someone, as well as politeness when saying "thank you" and "please".

Messages taken by the learners to other educators or to the school secretary can be opportunities for reinforcing the terms for politeness and the correct greeting forms. These can be practised on a daily basis, even in the second language.

LO 2.4

Learners will enjoy making their own sandwiches. This lesson can be preceded by group discussions where learners plan their own sandwiches and decide how they are going to make them (Technology). They need not all make cheese sandwiches. They should be encouraged to bring a variety of fillings and then to talk about them.

Leaner section

Content

  • Listen and talk about . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

The school

  • Where is the roof? (show)

(Say) The school has a roof.

  • Where is the door? (show)

(Say) The school has a door.

  • Where are the windows? (show)

(Say) The school has many windows.

  • Where is the garden? (show)

(Say) The school has a garden.

  • Where are the trees? (show)

(Say) There are trees in the garden.

  • Where are the flowers? (show)

(Say) There are flowers in the garden.

LO 2.6 LO 3.1.3

At school

  • Look at the next page. The numbers will help you.
  • Count and fill in the correct numbers.
  • Tim and Tina see . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
LO 3.1.3 LO 5.1.2
LO 2.6
  • Find these in the classroom.
  • Read and draw.

The classroom has . . . . . . . . . . .

LO 2.6 LO 3.1.1

Assessment

Learning Outcome 2: SPEAKING : The learner is able to communicate confidently and effectively in spoken language in a wide range of situations.

Assessment Standard 2.6: We know this when the learner pronounces familiar words clearly.

Learning Outcome 3: READING AND VIEWING : The learner is able to read and view for information and enjoyment and respond critically to the aesthetic, cultural and emotional values in texts.

Assessment Standard 3.1: We know this when the learner uses pictures to understand written texts:

3.1.1 makes sense of a picture story;

3.1.3 uses illustrations to understand simple captions in story books;

Learning Outcome 4: WRITING : The learner is able to write different kinds of factual and imaginative texts for a wide range of purposes.

Assessment Standard 4.1: We know this when the learner copies familiar words and short sentences.

Learning Outcome 5: WRITING : The learner is able to write different kinds of factual and imaginative texts for a wide range of purposes.

Assessment Standard 5.1: We know this when the learner understands concepts and vocabulary relating to:

5.1.2 number.

Questions & Answers

so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
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Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
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Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
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the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, English first additional language grade 1. OpenStax CNX. Sep 22, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11116/1.1
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