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There are riddles to read and games to play.

  • Writing: r, h, l, c, o, a.
  • Phonics: r, h, l, c, o, a.



Learners can be made aware of different cultures/different people have different ways of celebrating e.g. birthdays. They must learn to accept these differences.

Educators Page

  • Group work

1. Learners bring old birthday cards to school to discuss and analyse.

- How are they made? How are they folded? Shape?

- What makes them attractive? Pictures? Colours?

- What does the card say?

- Why are there open spaces?

2. Learners will make a rough sketch to design their own cards. They can decide:

- What to draw.

- What message they will send.

- How they are going to write their messages. (They can ask the teacher to write them lightly and they can print over the letters or make any other plans they can think of)

- What they will need. (Make a list of drawings of tools needed.) They collect and bring these.

3. They make their cards.

4. They show it to the class. Positive comments are encouraged when learners consider their friends’ cards and maybe suggest improvements. Much praise is needed to encourage learners.

5. Display cards in the room.

LO 2

LO/AS 1.3

  • Phonics

The following sounds are introduced in this learning unit. Follow the steps for each as set out in Learning Unit.

“r” as in rose

“h” as in house

“l” as in leg

“c” as in cat

“o” as in orange

“a” as in apple

  • Writing

The correct letter formation is taught after the sound has been introduced. Learners decorate their patterns.

  • Dictionary Pages

Words with two sounds are on one page. These words can be introduced when the second sound on the page has been taught. Keep these pages in flip-files. They will form their first dictionaries and learners can use the words for their own stories later.

  • Vocabulary Pages

These are used for revising and consolidating new words learnt. Keep in flip-files for stories later.

  • The teacher puts all these words on flash cards for revision games and quick recognition.

Leaner section


  • A game to play with a friend.
  • Take turns to read the names of the stations for Mr Mole.

LO 3.4.3 LO 3.5.10
  • I can read and draw

1. I live in the forest.

I cook the food.

Who am I?

Draw me:

2. I can see everything.

I can hear everything.

Who am I?

Draw me:

3. I am 8 years old.

I had a party.

Who am I?

Draw me:

4. I run up the tree.

I love Willy.

Who am I?

  • Draw me:
LO 1.4
  • My Dictionary Page
LO 1.6.1 LO 3.1 LO 4.6.4
  • I can write and decorate the patterns

LO 4.1.1 LO 4.1.2 LO 4.1.3
  • Climb up the rope ladder for a piece of birthday cake. Draw something beginning with the sound.

LO 1.6.1 LO 6.1

LO 1.6.1 LO 6.1
  • Willy and family on picnic blanket under trees.
LO 1.3.6 LO 2.1 LO 2.7


Learning Outcome 1: LISTENING: The learner is able to listen for information and enjoyment and respond appropriately and critically in a wider range of situations.

Assessment Standard 1.3: We know this when the learner listens with enjoyment to short stories, rhymes, poems and songs from a variety of cultures, and shows understanding;

1.3.6 answers open questions about the story;

Assessment Standard 1.4: We know this when the learner listens, enjoys and responds appropriately to riddles and jokes;

Assessment Standard 1.6: We know this when the learner develops phonic awareness:

1.6.1 distinguishes between different phonemes, especially at the beginning of words.

Learning Outcome 2: SPEAKING : The learner is able to communicate confidently and effectively in spoken language in a wide range of situations.

Assessment Standard 2.1: We know this when the learner talks about personal experiences, feelings and news;

Assessment Standard 2.7: We know this when the learner tells a familiar short story that has a beginning, middle and ending, using pictures for support if necessary;

Learning Outcome 3: READING AND VIEWING : The learner is able to read and view for information and enjoyment and respond critically to the aesthetic, cultural and emotional values in texts.

Assessment Standard 3.1: We know this when the learner uses visual cues to make meaning;

Assessment Standard 3.4: We know this when the learner recognises letters and words and makes meaning of written text:

3.4.3 uses phonic and word recognition skills to decode new or unfamiliar words in context (e.g. visual cues like shape of word and letter patterns, picture clues context clues, and letter-sound relationships);

Assessment Standard 3.5: We know this when the learner develops phonic awareness:

3.5.10 recognises some high-frequency sight words such as ‘the’, ‘a’, ‘to’, ‘my’, your’, ‘like’ and including own name and print in the environment.

Learning Outcome 4: WRITING : The learner is able to write different kinds of factual and imaginative texts for a wide range of purposes.

Assessment Standard 4.1: We know this when the learner writes with increasing legibility:

4.1.1 manipulates writing tools like crayons and pencils effectively;

  • develops letter formation and handwriting skills, drawing patterns, tracing and coping words;

4.1.3 forms letters of the alphabet successfully;

Assessment Standard 4.6: We know this when the learner begins to build vocabulary and starts to spell words so that they can be read and understood by others:

4.6.4 builds own word bank and personal dictionary.

Learning Outcome 6: LANGUAGE STRUCTURE AND USE : The learner will know and be able to use the sounds, words and grammar of the language to create and interpret texts.

Assessment Standard 6.1: We know this when the learner relates sounds to letters and words.

Questions & Answers

Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
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what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, English home language grade 1. OpenStax CNX. Sep 22, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11115/1.1
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