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Foreign fish trailers will have to be prohibited from fishing within the 200 km territorial waters of South Africa, and no fish quotas should be allocated to them.

Beach-net owners should be forbidden to fish for at least two years. If they are indeed allowed to continue fishing along the coast, their nets should drastically be shortened to 100 m, without a bag in die net. Coastal nets exterminate large numbers of undersized fish.

Rock and beach anglers, of whom I am one, will also have to make sacrifices if we wish our descendants to enjoy the privilege of fishing.

The daily fishing quota of anglers and fish trailers should be reduced drastically. An angler should not catch more than five fishes per day.

More coastal reserves should be established, allowing fish to breed freely. Scientific studies should determined which parts of the coast would be most suitable to serve as reserves.

To my mind the whole of False Bay should be out of bounds for trailers, as was the case in the past.

According to the report of Dr. Griffiths (in table seven) eighteen fish species have already become totally extinct as a result of over-exploitation. It really seems to be a bleak day for the fishing industry.

Everybody will have to make sacrifices if we do not see ourselves going to museums one day to show our grandchildren what a galjoen looked like. To my mind the larger angling population will simply have to stand together if we want to protect our fish.

The Government will have to allocate fishing quotas to those who really need it, and not to their friends as well. It would also be a good idea to publish the names of those who hold quotas.

Ebert van RooyenVishoek

Die Burger, 22 April 2000

Activity 1:

To find information in a document, determine its importance, and discuss the choices

[lo 1.2]

The public’s concern about the annihilation of the country’s fishing resources, is very obvious from the letter on p. 21.

1. Write down five of the writer’s suggestions that you regard as the most important.

2. Conduct a class discussion to motivate your choices.

The Coastal Zone

The shallow waters on the seaward side of this narrow strip include the most productive and diverse habitats in the entire marine environment: estuaries, mangroves, salt marshes, mudflats, seagrass and seaweed beds, and coral reefs. These habitats have a vital ecological function, particularly as nursery areas for commercially valuable fish species. Generally, they provide food and shelter for a huge number of species, perlemoen (abalone), oysters and mussels. In all, they account for more than two thirds of the world fisheries production. These areas also help to reduce the effects of flooding, and are often highly popular for recreation.

The landward side of the coastal zone is where most of the world’s population live. Six out of 10 people live within 60 km of coastal waters, and some two-thirds of all cities with populations of 2,5 million or more near tidal estuaries. Within the next two to three decades, the population of this coastal zone is subject to severe pollution, both by direct discharge and via river systems. More than three-quarters of marine pollution comes form land-based sources, with shipping, dumping, and offshore mining and oil production responsible for the rest. Problems include the uncontrolled discharge of industrial effluents, raw and treated sewage, pesticide and fertiliser residues, and silt loads from erosion, particularly into bays where the potential for dispersion and dilution is lowest. The artificial introduction of nutrients (such as nitrogen and potassium) by humans into coastal waters now equals – and will soon outstrip – that from natural sources, creating huge ecological problems.

Strict new regulations may leave fishermen jobless

Chris Liebenberg

YZERFONTEIN Seasoned West coast fishermen are of the opinion that the envisaged new fishing quota regulations will have far reaching effects for fishing communities here and elsewhere along the coast who rely on the sea for their daily living.

There are fears that the towns may in the long run become economically dysfunctional when the regulations are enforced.

The new regulations stipulate inter alias that those persons who receive traditional line fish quotas, may enjoy no other fishing rights. This applies to traditional line fishing, hand line catches and tuna.

The number of licences that will be allocated, will limit the size of the crew per boat.

For local boat owners and fisherman who depend on line-fishing for their living, especially snoek, these provisions are a cause of serious concern.

It stipulates that licences will be issued to only 450 boats for the area between Cape Point and Lambert’s Bay and that the crew on some of the boats will be limited to four.

Boat owners say the limiting of boats and crew is bound to leave about 70% of the line-fishers jobless.

According to Mr. Dan Nortjé, a local resident and boat owner, he has been fishing in this area with a crew of ten for the past 37 years.

Certain members of his crew have been fishing here for over 17 years. They have families and have no other skills apart from hand line fishing.

Nortjé says should he get a licence, six members of his crew will have to be retrenched. Should he not succeed in obtaining a licence, he will have to retrench all ten of them, leaving him unemployed himself, with a boat that generates no income at all.

Die Burger, 22 April 2000

Activity 2:

To summarise the contents of a newspaper report

[lo 1.2]

Read the report and write a paragraph that would sum up the contents in about 100 words.


Learning Outcomes (LOs)
LO 1
Geographical Enquiry The learner will be able to use enquiry skills to investigate geographical and environmental concepts and processes.
Assessment Standards(ASs)
We know this when the learner:
1.1 identifies and selects a variety of geographical and environmental sources relevant to an enquiry [uses fieldwork and other enquiry methods; finds sources];
1.2 interprets maps and atlas information, graphical and statistical sources [works with sources].
LO 3
Exploring Issues (social and environmental) The learner will be able to make informed decisions about social and environmental issues and problems.
We know this when the learner:
3.3 investigates possible ways of reducing resource consumption [makes choices].



  • Licence-holders must be reduced.
  • More stringent measures must be applied.
  • Government must appoint more law-enforcement personnel.

Territorial waters must be protected.

More coastal reserves must be established.


Write you own summary report.

Questions & Answers

Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
characteristics of micro business
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Geography grade 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 11, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11036/1.1
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