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Geskiedenis

Graad 4

Die ontstaan van godsdienste van die wêreld

Module 14

Vergelyking van die wêreld se grootste godsdienste

In die volgende tabelle vergelyk ons die verskillende godsdienste van die wêreld.

Aktiwiteit 1

Om bronne te bekom en gebruik en verslag oor die godsdienste van die wêreld te doen [lu 1.3]

a) Skryf elke godsdiens langs die sleutel, en kleur die verskillende godsdienste in.

SLEUTEL
...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

B)bestudeer elke godsdiens se tabel in groepverband en hou daarna ‘n klasgesprek oor die verskillende godsdienste.

Judaïsme

Wat is die ooreenkomste en verskille tussen die Christene en Jode?

Hoe sal jy ‘n sinagoge herken?

Wat is kosjer produkte?

Islam

Wat gebeur tydens Ramadan?

Hoekom het die Islam so vinnig en so ver versprei?

Glo die Moslems in Abraham, Moses en Jesus as profete?

Hindoeïsme

Hoekom is baie Hindoes vegetariërs?

Wat is inkarnasie en meditasie?

Watter rol speel gode in die godsdiens?

Boeddhisme

Vind meer uit oor die kloosters en monnike.

Christendom

Waarom was die Christelike geloof in die begin veral vir armes so aanvaarbaar?

Waarom het die Christendom so vinnig versprei?

Assessering

Leeruitkoms 1: geskiedkundige ondersoek

Die leerder is in staat om ondersoekvaardighede te gebruik om die verlede en die hede te ondersoek.

Assesseringstandaard

Dis duidelik wanneer die leerder

  • inligting uit bronne kommunikeer (verslaggewing):
  • verhale mondeling kan oorvertel;
  • ‘n prent kan gebruik om ‘n verhaal te vertel.

Memorandum

(a) Boeddhisme; Christendom; Islam; Hindoeïsme; Judaïsme

(b) Judaïsme

Die Jode het veral twee heilige boeke: Tenakh (Ou Testament) en die Talmoed (kommentaar op die Ou Testament). Jode en Christene deel dus twee derdes van die Bybel.

  • Die Jode glo onwrikbaar in God, die Skepper en Onderhouer van alle dinge. God is almagtig, groot en heilig. (Deut. 6:4)

Jode glo Jesus van Nasaret is nie die Messias nie. Hulle glo Hy moet nog kom.

  • Dit is ‘n Joodse gebou. Dit is verkantig of langwerpig. Aan die een kant van die gebou kry ons die Ark (rolle met die wet) wat na Jerusalem wys.
  • Kosjer beteken rein .

Islam

  • Tydens die maand van Ramadan , die maand waarin die Koran geopenbaar is, word dit van almal (behalwe siekes, bejaardes, klein kindertjies) verwag om van sonopkoms tot sonsondergang te vas. Gedurende die aand en in die nag mag kos en drank wel gebruik word. Dit leer Moslems selfdissipline, afhanklikheid en sensitiwiteit vir minderbevoorregtes oral op aarde.
  • Sterk leierskap (Mohammed); aantreklike godsdiens, want gelowiges se pligte word duidelik omskryf.
  • Die Moslems glo dat hul dieselfde geloof volg as Abraham, Isak, Jakob en Ismael. Die Islam erken ook die profete van die Bybel, en het ook hoë agting vir Jesus as besondere profeet en boodskapper. Nadat God (Allah) Hom deur die profete (ook deur Jesus) aan die mens bekendgemaak het, het Hy Hom die beste en duidelikste bekend gemaak deur Mohammed.

Hindoeïsme

  • Verskeie dieregode word aanbid, bv.: Hanumam (aap van geleerdheid), Ganesja (met die olifantkop en slurp – die heer van die leërskare), koei (word vereer as lewende wese – die mees verhewe in die skepping).
  • Reïnkarnasie : Alle lewende wesens keer elke keer in ‘n nuwe vorm terug (bv. eier, wurm, larwe, skoenlapper)
  • Meditasie Daar bestaan letterlik miljoene gode-figure. Feitlik elke plant, dier, riviertjie of natuurverskynsel word as god vereer. Daar is egter sekere opperfigure soos Brahman (alomteenwoordige as almagtige heerser), Trimurti (bestaan uit Brahma, Wisjnoe en Sjiwa).

Boeddhisme

  • Boeddhisme – monnike leef eenvoudig en gee die meeste van hul besittings prys. Hul bid, onderrig, mediteer en bedel om hul kos.

Christendom

  • Jesus se vader was ‘n skrynwerker en sy volgelinge gewone mense: vakmanne, handelaars, vissermanne en belastinggaarders. Jesus se prediking van liefde, hoop en redding het veral armes en onderdruktes aangetrek. Hy het stories van boerdery en die alledaagse lewe as vergelykings gebruik om vir mense geestelike waarhede te leer.
  • Daar was ‘n tydperk van vrede in die Romeinse Ryk (Pax Romana). Keiser Konstantyn het godsdiensvryheid in die Romeinse Ryk gewettig.
  • Die gebruik van Grieks as algemene omgangstaal – almal kon dit verstaan.
  • Die vertaling van die Ou Testament uit Hebreeus in Grieks.
  • ‘n Uitstekende netwerk verkeersweë tussen die belangrike stede – dit het reise aangemoedig.
  • Daar was ‘n boodskap van hoop en bevryding vir almal.
  • Toegewyde dissipels en apostels (bv. Paulus) was as martelare bereid om hul lewens vir hul godsdiens af te lê.

Questions & Answers

find the 15th term of the geometric sequince whose first is 18 and last term of 387
Jerwin Reply
I know this work
salma
The given of f(x=x-2. then what is the value of this f(3) 5f(x+1)
virgelyn Reply
hmm well what is the answer
Abhi
how do they get the third part x = (32)5/4
kinnecy Reply
can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
ninjadapaul
20/(×-6^2)
Salomon
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
ninjadapaul
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
ninjadapaul
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
Salomon
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
Salomon
I got X =-6
Salomon
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
ninjadapaul
oops. ignore that.
ninjadapaul
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
ninjadapaul
hmm
Abhi
is it a question of log
Abhi
🤔.
Abhi
I rally confuse this number And equations too I need exactly help
salma
But this is not salma it's Faiza live in lousvile Ky I garbage this so I am going collage with JCTC that the of the collage thank you my friends
salma
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
hello
Sherica
im all ears I need to learn
Sherica
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
Tamia
hii
Uday
hi
salma
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
Kim
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Al
y=10×
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Geskiedenis graad 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 17, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11090/1.1
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