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EKONOMIESE EN BESTUURSWETENSKAPPE

Graad 4

HOE MENSE ‘N BESTAAN VOER

Module 4

DIENSLEWERING, VERVAARDIGING EN GEBRUIK

  1. Die openbare- en privaatsektor

Die instansies wat dienste lewer, kan in twee groepe verdeel word:

(a)die openbare sektor

Hiermee verstaan ons al die besighede wat deur die staat befonds en bestuur word. Die staat is hoofsaaklik verantwoordelik vir dienste soos onderwys (skole), gesondheid (hospitale) en veiligheid (polisie), maar lewer ook dienste soos telekommunikasie (Telkom) en vervoer (Transnet). Hierdie sektor lewer elke dag ‘n groot klomp dienste waarvoor hulle baie geld benodig, en dit is waarom die inwoners van die land belasting moet betaal op hul inkomste en produkte wat gekoop word. Hierdie belasting moet dan aan die regering oorhandig word. Gesels ‘n bietjie met jou ouers oor die gedeelte van hul inkomste wat hul maandeliks/jaarliks aan die staat moet afstaan vir inkomstebelasting. Dan word daar ook belasting betaal op die meeste verbruiksartikels wat ons koop (BTW).

(b) Die privaatsektor

Dit is die individue en groepe wat hul eie besighede besit. Dit sluit in privaathospitale, privaatskole, winkels, vervoernetwerke (SAL&taxi’s) , beskerming (gewapende reaksiegroepe), ens.

Aktiwiteit 1

Om tussen die openbare en privaatsektor te onderskei [LU 4.3]

  1. Is jou skool deel van die openbare of privaatsektor?

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  1. Watter van jou en jou gesin se daaglikse behoeftes word deur die onderskeie sektore bedien?
Privaatsektor Openbare sektor
Bv. vervoer Bv. poswese
8.
  1. Wat is belasting?

Skryf voorbeelde neer van vervoer in jou omgewing en klassifiseer dit in die volgende tabelle:

Openbare sektor Privaatsektor

2. Vervaardiging en verbruik

Alle huishoudings verbruik produkte. Daardie produkte moet deur die produsent geproduseer (vervaardig) word. Die bakkery bak brood sodat die huisgesin daagliks van hul stapelvoedsel voorsien kan word. Om die mens (verbruiker) se behoeftes te bevredig, moet die produsent besluit watter produkte om te produseer. Die verbruiker vra sekere goedere aan en die produsent bied dit dan aan – VRAAG en AANBOD. Hoe meer ons ‘n produk benodig, hoe groter word die vraag daarna. So is die vraag na kompakskyfspelers groter as die vraag na outydse draaitafels.

Die entrepreneur wat ‘n sukses van sy besigheid wil maak, moet derhalwe die mark (behoefte van die verbruiker) baie goed bestudeer om seker te maak dat dit wat hy/sy wil verkoop, in aanvraag is en goed kan kompeteer met soortgelyke produkte.

Aktiwiteit 2

Om intrepreneurskennis toe te pas [LU 4.4]

Bestudeer die volgende skets van ‘n skoolmarkdag en beantwoord die vrae:

  1. Watter produkte op die skets word slegs een keer gebruik en dan nie weer nie?

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  1. Watter produkte word herhaaldelik deur julle gesin gebruik?

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  1. Watter produkte is duidelik in aanvraag by julle gesinslede?

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  1. Vir watter produkte is daar nie ‘n groot aanvraag in julle gesin nie?

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  1. Watter produk mis jy op hierdie skets? Watter leemte is daar in die mark vir jou as ‘n entrepreneur wat vinnig wil besigheid doen?

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Baie geluk!

Jy begin sommer al klaar dink soos ‘n regte entrepreneur!!

In die volgende twee modules gaan ons kyk hoe jy ‘n entrepreneur kan word.

Assessering

LEERUITKOMS 4: ENTREPRENEURSKENNIS EN –VAARDIGHEDE

Die leerder is in staat om entrepreneurskennis, -vaardighede en -houdings te ontwikkel.

Assesseringstandaard

Dis duidelik wanneer die leerder:

  • onderskei tussen die entrepreneursaksies van koop, verkoop en produseer;
  • neem deel aan ‘n kermis of markdag by die skool en pas entrepreneurskennis en –vaardighede toe.

Memorandum

Bladsye 1 en 2

Onderskei tussen die openbare en privaatsektor aan die hand van voorbeelde uit leerders se eie lewe. Neem die leiding.

Bladsye 3 en 4

Gesels inleidend oor die vraag-/aanbodkonsep. Maak dan afleidings oor die vraag na sekere artikels op ’n markdag.

Questions & Answers

so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Ekonomiese en bestuurswetenskappe graad 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 17, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11085/1.1
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