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Natuurwetenskappe

Graad 8

Energie: elektrisiteit, energie, warmte en lig

Module 3

Hidro-elektriese krag

Opdrag 1

  • Ons land is eintlik ‘n baie droë land. Ons het wel twee groot permanente riviere in ons land en ESKOM het twee groot hidro-elektriese kragstasies. Die een is naby die Gariepdam in die Vrystaat en die ander in die Van der Kloofdam naby Petrusville.

Hidro-elektrisiteit word in die volgende stappe saamgevat:

1. Beweging van water, veral afwaarts, as gevolg van gravitiasie/swaartekrag.

2. Die val-effek gee aan die watermolekules baie energie.

3. Die vallende water draai ‘n waterturbine.

4. Dit skakel die kinetiese energie om na elektriese energie.

5. Water word dan gewoonlik teruggepomp en die proses word herhaal.

  • Hierdie metode is skoon en kan oor en oor benut word, indien daar genoegsame watervoorrade is. Die effektiwiteit hang egter af van die hoeveelheid water en die spoed of afstand waaroor dit val! So ‘n kragsentrale word gewoonlik aan die onderkant van ‘n damwal of onderaan ‘n waterval gebou.

Hierdie energie-oordrag na die een of ander draai-meganisme is al meer as

2 000 jaar in gebruik.

Opdrag 2

Besoek die internet en gebruik ‘n soekenjin en gebruik soek woorde soos: “aqueduct” en “water wheel”.

Die waterwiel

Akwadukte

Assessering

LU 1

Wetenskaplike Ondersoek Die leerder is in staat om met selfvertroue op weetgierigheid oor natuurlike verskynsels te reageer, en om binne die konteks van wetenskap, tegnologie en die omgewing verbande te ondersoek en probleme op te los.

Dit word bewys as die leerder:

1.1 ondersoeke kan beplan;

1.2 ondersoeke kan uitvoer en data kan insamel;

1.3 data kan evalueer en bevindinge kan kommunikeer.

LU 2

Wetenskaplike KennisDie leerder ken, interpreteer en pas wetenskaplike, tegnologiese en omgewingskennis toe.

Dit word bewys as die leerder:

2.1 sinvolle inligting kan oproep;

2.2 inligting in kategorieë kan plaas;

2.3 inligting kan interpreteer;

2.4 kennis kan toepas.

LU 3

Wetenskap, Omgewing en die GemeenskapDie leerder is in staat om begrip van die onderlinge verband tussen wetenskap en tegnologie, die samelewing en die omgewing te toon.

Dit word bewys as die leerder:

3.1 wetenskap as ‘n menslike aktiwiteit kan verstaan;

3.2 volhoubare gebruik van die aarde se hulpbronne verstaan.

Memorandum

HIDRO-ELEKTRISITEIT

Opdrag 1

  • Ons land is eintlik ‘n baie droë land. Ons het wel twee groot permanente riviere in ons land en ESKOM het twee groot hidro-elektriese kragstasies. Die een is naby die Gariepdam in die Vrystaat en die ander in die Van der Kloofdam naby Petrusville.

Hidro-elektrisiteit word in die volgende stappe saamgevat:

1. Beweging van water, veral afwaarts, as gevolg van gravitiasie/swaartekrag.

2. Die val-effek gee aan die watermolekules baie energie.

3. Die vallende water draai ‘n waterturbine.

4. Dit skakel die kinetiese energie om na elektriese energie.

5. Water word dan gewoonlik teruggepomp en die proses word herhaal.

  • Hierdie metode is skoon en kan oor en oor benut word, indien daar genoegsame watervoorrade is. Die effektiwiteit hang egter af van die hoeveelheid water en die spoed of afstand waaroor dit val! So ‘n kragsentrale word gewoonlik aan die onderkant van ‘n damwal of onderaan ‘n waterval gebou.

Hierdie energie-oordrag na die een of ander draai-meganisme is al meer as

2 000 jaar in gebruik.

Opdrag 2

Besoek die internet en gebruik ‘n soekenjin en gebruik soek woorde soos: “aqueduct” en “water wheel”.

Die waterwiel

Akwadukte

Questions & Answers

find the 15th term of the geometric sequince whose first is 18 and last term of 387
Jerwin Reply
I know this work
salma
The given of f(x=x-2. then what is the value of this f(3) 5f(x+1)
virgelyn Reply
hmm well what is the answer
Abhi
how do they get the third part x = (32)5/4
kinnecy Reply
can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
ninjadapaul
20/(×-6^2)
Salomon
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
ninjadapaul
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
ninjadapaul
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
Salomon
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
Salomon
I got X =-6
Salomon
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
ninjadapaul
oops. ignore that.
ninjadapaul
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
ninjadapaul
hmm
Abhi
is it a question of log
Abhi
🤔.
Abhi
I rally confuse this number And equations too I need exactly help
salma
But this is not salma it's Faiza live in lousvile Ky I garbage this so I am going collage with JCTC that the of the collage thank you my friends
salma
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
hello
Sherica
im all ears I need to learn
Sherica
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
Tamia
hii
Uday
hi
salma
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
Kim
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Al
y=10×
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
Hello
Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Natuurwetenskappe graad 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 12, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11049/1.1
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