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Race& All Aggrav Simple Personal
Ethnicity Population Offenses Rape Robbery Assault Assault Theft
White 189,308,050 2,710 110 270 540 1,790 110
Black 27,978,180 3,530 110 720 770 1,920 190
Other 9,518,390 2,070 110 280 520 1,150 180
Hispanic 24,513,290 2,840 50 500 560 1,740 240
Non-Hisp 200,294,810 2,770 120 300 570 1,780 110
Total 234,326,490 2,784 110 326 568 1,779 123
* Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics, Criminal Victimization 2000. Changes 1999-2000 with Trends 1993-2000. U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, June 2001.


The FBI’s Uniform Crime Reports, the main source of information on arrests, provide information on the racial characteristics of arrestees, but not their ethnicity. However, criminal justice agencies in some large urban areas publish limited information on the proportion of Hispanics and other ethnic groups among arrestees. New York State figures provide an example of inter-ethnic differences in arrest. In New York State, 233,871 (20%) of the 1,146,092 juvenile and adult arrestees in 1999 were classified as Hispanics (DCJS, 2004). To estimate the extent of ethnic groups’ representation in arrests, each group’s total number of arrests was divided by its estimated population. Hispanics had an arrest rate of 8,155 arrests per 100,000. In comparison, the arrest rates for non-Hispanic Whites, Blacks, Indians, and Asians were 4,469, 14,574, 2,446 and 1,141 per 100,000 of their respective populations. New York state classifies arrestees by race as White, Black, Indian, or Asian; and separately by ethnicity as Hispanic or non-Hispanic. By U.S. Census convention, Hispanics can self-classify as any of those races, or as “other.” To compare Hispanics with non-Hispanic Whites, Blacks, and so forth, Hispanic arrests were subtracted from all White arrests. In arrests as in victimization, Hispanics have lower rates than Blacks, but higher rates than Whites or other groups.

Table 2. New York State. Juvenile and Adult Arrests per 100,000 Population, by Type of Arrest and Ethnicity, 1999.

Offense Type White (1) Black Hispanic Total
Homicide 2.2 15.5 8.1 5.5
Rape 4.0 27.3 14.1 9.7
Robbery 24.1 378.7 148.0 107.7
Aggravated assault 78.9 455.1 232.0 166.5
Simple assault 255.8 759.2 361.2 353.6
All crimes against persons 367.1 1,651.4 771.3 648.5
Drug sales&manufacture 70.1 842.9 499.7 270.3
Drug use/possession 365.8 1,785.1 931.7 688.4
Property, public order 2,314.3 8,500.5 4,849.9 3,713.1
All offenses 3,533.3 14,574.0 8,154.5 6,069.7

Source: New York State Department of Criminal Justice Services. 1999 Crime and Justice Annual Report. Section Two: Arrests . Albany, NY, 2004.


Of the 1,409,280 persons over the age of 18 in state or federal prisons in 2003, 268,100 (19%) were Hispanics. Non-Hispanic Whites, Blacks, and others (Asians, Native Americans, and other groups) comprised 35, 44, and 2%, respectively (BJS, 2004). In 1999, juvenile justice facilities housed 104,413 persons, of whom 18,012 (18%) were classified as Hispanic. Whites, Blacks, and “others” were 39, 38, and 4%, respectively (Sickmund, Sladky,&Kang, 2004). The stated figures equal less than 100% because of rounding error. Table 3 compares Hispanic, Black, White, and other adult and juvenile imprisonment rates. Hispanic adults have higher imprisonment rates than Whites and Asians, but lower imprisonment rates than Blacks.

Questions & Answers

how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
is Bucky paper clear?
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
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what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
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I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
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what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
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Source:  OpenStax, Immigration in the united states and spain: considerations for educational leaders. OpenStax CNX. Jul 26, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11174/1.28
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