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Draw new material every 83 milliseconds

The code in Listing 6 causes the sprites to be drawn sixty times per second, but new material is drawn only once every msPerFrame milliseconds. The value for msPerFrame is set to 83 milliseconds in Listing 1 , but as you learned in an earlier module, its value could be changed by program code as the program is running.

Therefore, in this program, new material is drawn 30 times per second. Every other frame that is drawn looks exactly like the one before it, but the humaneye is not fast enough to be able to detect that.

Apply dynamic scaling to the background image

A different and ever increasing scale factor is applied to the background image each time the body of the if statement in the Update method in Listing 6 is executed.

Two components in the scale factor

This overall scale factor is composed of the fixed backgroundBaseScale factor computed in Listing 5 and a dynamic scale factor named dynamicScale that is computed in Listing 7 .

An optical illusion

This is what causes the size of the planet to continue to increase during the animation sequence creating the illusion that the UFO is getting closer to thesurface of the planet.

The dynamic portion of the overall scale factor

The value of the dynamic portion of the overall scale factor increases by 0.03 each time this code is executed. Once the dynamic portion reaches a valueof 10, it is reset to zero and the animation sequence plays again from the beginning.

This is accomplished by the scaling algorithm shown in Listing 7 .

Listing 7 . Apply dynamic scaling to the background image.

//Reset the animation if the dynamicScale factor // is greater than 10.if(dynamicScale>10) { dynamicScale = 0.0f;} else { //Increase the dynamicScale factor and use it// to compute a new scale factor that will be // applied to the background image in the next// call to the Draw method. dynamicScale += 0.03f;backgroundScale = backgroundBaseScale * (1 + dynamicScale);}//end if-else on dynamicScale

Changing the origin of the background image

The SpriteBatch.Draw method has one parameter named position and another parameter named origin . You can cause the origin to be any point in the image relative to its upper left corner.

Important: The position parameter specifies the position in the game window where the image's origin will be drawn.

If you hold the position parameter constant and vary the origin , the image will appear to slide around within the game window.

Increasing the scale alone is insufficient

Consider the background image shown in Figure 3 . Assume that the origin of the image is the upper left corner of the image. Also assume that the image will be drawn with that origin in the upper left corner of the game window.

If we were to scale the image to make it larger, the planet would be pushed down and to the right and would exit the game window near the bottom rightcorner of the game window. That is not what we are looking for.

Need to stabilize the location of the planet in the game window

To achieve the effect we are looking for, we need to cause the planet to remain in pretty much the same location within the game window as it getslarger. One way to accomplish that is by causing the origin to move down and to the right within the background image as the planet becomes larger. (Obviouslythat is not the only way to accomplish it.)

Questions & Answers

Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
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Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
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SUYASH Reply
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SUYASH
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s. Reply
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Ebrahim
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Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
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Cied
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Sanket Reply
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Damian Reply
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Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
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Porter
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Yasmin
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Cesar
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Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
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Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
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Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
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Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
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Uday
I'm interested in Nanotube
Uday
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
Prasenjit
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Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
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Source:  OpenStax, Xna game studio. OpenStax CNX. Feb 28, 2014 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11634/1.6
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