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The Speak N Spell was the beginning of significant changes in society and our lives. Many of the gadgets we now can not live without have an ancestry that traces back to the Speak N Spell. This final chapter in the book on the Speak N Spell will attempt to show the connection and the extent of the impact.

Introduction

The success of the Speak N Spell is not the end of this story. It became a very successful product along with several other follow on products from Texas Instruments' Educational Products group:

  • Speak&Math™
  • Speak&Read™
  • Speak&Spell in French, German, Spanish and British
  • Touch&Tell™
  • Magic Wand Speaking Reader™
  • The Language Translator
  • The TI99/4A Home Computer Text to Speech System

All of these products had various succeses in the world of education. Figure 1 shows several of the Educational Products that were created by Texas Instruments during the late 1970's and early 1980's.

Several of the Learning Aids we Created in the Educational Products Business Unit.

The real success

But the real success was in the world of technology. We had created the first single chip Digital Signal Processing device. As explained earlier, an assumed impossible task at the time. It seemed to be an “aha” moment in technology that can be summarized as “if DSP can be used in a toy, where else could we use it?” (I can call it a toy now but couldn’t when we first introduced the speaking products. They were “educational products” or “Learning Aids”, but never a toy.)

We, in the Educational Products Business Unit, immediately began the architectural development of a second generation DSP device to handle additional features that our end users were asking for. That was for the product to have user selected vocabularies and for the student to verbally enter the spelling of the word. That meant a Text to Speech capability and speech recognition.

What really happened was that, while in the Educational Products business unit, while we were designing this next generation device, in parallel our Semiconductor Products business unit was designing a programmable DSP device to pursue the same markets. One of the reasons for this second effort in the Semiconductor Products business unit was the simple fact that we, in the Educational Products business unit, refused to let them have our Speak N Spell synthesizer.

When all of the politics had settled, the only device remaining was the one being designed in the Semiconductor Business Unit and the Speak N Spell Speech Synthesis device was available for them to sell. Our team in the Educational Products Business Unit had to kill our device and eventually the whole design team was moved to the Semiconductor Business Unit, including the Educational Product speech research team. It was the end of the era for the Educational Products Business unit as it eventually was sold off to Tiger Toys.

But not all is bad news. Several of us were moved to the Semiconductor Business unit to help start up the new, fledgling DSP business. Our task was to help roll out the device the Semiconductor Business unit had been designing, the TMS32010.

Of the four original members of the team, I was the only one who was still part of the business unit and therefore moved to the Semiconductor Business Unit to support the TMS32010 product introduction. By this time (late 1983) Paul had been moved to another division, Larry had been transferred to our Nice, France organization and Richard was on to the next topic of research.

Since then the four of us have gotten together several times to talk about this important moment in our careers and the impact it has made.

And it continues

As I look back over the last many years since we introduced the Speak N Spell, I am amazed on the extent of the impact that "aha" moment has made. Within a year of the introduction of the Speak N Spell and its speech synthesis device, a rush of DSP devices began to be introduced:

Early DSP Chip History (with permission from Forward Concepts)
Product Company Year
TMC0280 Texas Instruments 1978
2920 Intel 1979
S28211 Advanced Microsystems Intl. 1979
DSP-1 ATT Bell Labs 1980
uPD7720 NEC 1980
TMS32010 Texas Instruments 1982

We can now look back and see some of the results of these devices we call Digital Signal Processors and the signal processing theory behind them. Many of the products we can no longer live without, can be traced back to early products and finally back to the Speak N Spell. Some more recent products include:

  • Digital audio
  • Digital Telephony, Both Wired and Wireless
  • Digital Cameras
  • Digital TV
  • The Cloud

But the innovation is just beginning. As Dr. Alan Oppenheim, a professor at MIT, explained to me when I asked him if the era of DSP was coming to an end, "Gene, there will always be signals in the world and we will always want to process them. Therefore there will always be a need for Digital Signal Processing."

There are still many stories that could be told, and many new products to be created, using DSP technology, that will some day be ones we can't live without. I will end here with one last comment: "I may be overstepping my bounds with the stories I have told about the development of the Speak N Spell and the DSP era it started, but, then I’m allowed, just as a proud father is allowed to brag about his children."

Questions & Answers

Introduction about quantum dots in nanotechnology
Praveena Reply
what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
there is no specific books for beginners but there is book called principle of nanotechnology
NANO
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
carbon nanotubes has various application in fuel cells membrane, current research on cancer drug,and in electronics MEMS and NEMS etc
NANO
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
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Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
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Source:  OpenStax, The speak n spell. OpenStax CNX. Jan 31, 2014 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11501/1.5
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