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Problem: Constructing an Elevator Object

In this application, you are required to simulate the operation of an elevator. Output is required that describes the current floor on which the elevator is stationed or is passing. Additionally, an internal elevator button that is pushed as a request to move to another floor should be provided. The elevator can travel between the first and fifteenth floors of the building in which it is situated.

Analyze the problem

For this application, we have one object, an elevator. The only attribute of interest is its location. A rider can request a change in the elevator’s position (state). Additionally, we must be able to establish the initial floor position when a new elevator is put in service. Figure below illustrates an object diagram that includes both the required attributes and operations.

Object diagram

Figure 7.3 An Elevator Class Diagram

Develop a solution

For this application, the location of the elevator, which corresponds to its current floor position, can be represented by an integer member variable whose value ranges between 1 and 15. The variable is named currentFloor. The value of currentFloor effectively represents the current state of the elevator. The services that we provide for changing the state of the elevator are an initialization function to set the initial floor position when a new elevator is put in service and a request function to change the elevator’s position (state) to a new floor. Putting an elevator in service is accomplished by declaring a single class instance and requesting a new floor position is equivalent to pushing an elevator button.

The response to the elevator button should be as follows:

If a request is made for either a nonexistent floor or the current floor,

Do nothing

Else if the request is for a floor above the current floor,

Display the current floor number

While not at the designated floor

Increment the floor number

Display the new floor number

End while

Display the ending floor number


Display the current floor number

While not at the designated floor

Decrement the floor number

Display the new floor number

End while

Display the ending floor number


Coding the solution

From the design, a suitable class declaration is:

//class declaration

class Elevator



int currentFloor;


Elevator(int = 1); //constructor

void request(int);


The two declared public member functions, Elevator() and request(), are used to define the external services provided by each Elevator object. The Elevator() function becomes a constructor function that is automatically called when an object of type Elevator is created. We use this function to initialize the starting floor position of the elevator. The request() function is used to alter its position. To accomplish these services, a suitable class implementation section is:

// class implementation section

Elevator::Elevator(int cfloor)


currentFloor = cfloor;


void Elevator::request(int newfloor)


if (newfloor<1 || newfloor>MAXFLOOR || newfloor == currentFloor)

Questions & Answers

find the 15th term of the geometric sequince whose first is 18 and last term of 387
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The given of f(x=x-2. then what is the value of this f(3) 5f(x+1)
virgelyn Reply
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kinnecy Reply
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I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
I got X =-6
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oops. ignore that.
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
is it a question of log
Commplementary angles
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a perfect square v²+2v+_
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algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
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or infinite solutions?
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
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Kristine 2*2*2=8
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Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
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No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
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Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
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good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
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silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
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can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
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Source:  OpenStax, Programming fundamentals in c++. OpenStax CNX. Jul 29, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col10788/1.1
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