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Sosiale wetenskappe: geskiedenis

Graad 8

Grond en mag

Module 1

Die historikus en begrippe

Die historikus en begrippe

Die begrippe grond en mag het ‘n noue verband met mekaar. ‘n Persoon word in die regerende klas of die werkersklas ingedeel op grond van sy of haar produksievermoë. Die produk sluit dan kapitaal (geld), grond, geboue, myne, masjinerie ens. in.

Die konflik tussen die twee klasse berus dus op die kontrasterende verbande wat hulle ten opsigte van die produk ervaar. Die regerende klas, wat ook die kapitalistiese klas of die middelklas of die bourgeoisie (Franse Revolusie) genoem kan word, besit die produksievermoë terwyl die werkersklas of proletariaat of Bolsjewiste (Russiese Revolusie) hul arbeid verkoop deur op die landerye, in die fabrieke en myne wat aan die regerende klas behoort, te werk.

  • Om hierdie konflik te begryp moet die geskiedkundige of historikus, dus al die leerders in die Geskiedenisklas, ingewikkelde vrae vra oor alle konfliksituasies, soos:
  • 1. Aan wie behoort wat?
  • 2. Wie doen watter werk?
  • 3. Wie werk vir wie?

Aktiwiteit 1 : groepwerk (ken-mekaar-geleentheid)

  • Verdeel in besprekingsgroepe.

Opdrag 1 :

  • Bespreek werksverdeling in ‘n gewone familie soos wat julle groep dit ken. Sorg dat elke groeplid ‘n kans kry om sy/haar sê te sê.

Opdrag 2 :

  • Bespreek die graad van samewerking tussen die regerende klas (ouers/voogde) en die werkersklas (kinders) om die huishouding glad te laat verloop.

Opdrag 3 :

  • Voltooi nou die volgende:

(a) My eie plekkie in ons woning is my

Ek is trots daarop omdat

(b) My ouers/voogde is werknemers/werkgewers van :

(c) Ek is nie ‘n las vir my familie nie, want ek aanvaar verantwoordelikheid vir

Aktiwiteit 2 : groepassesseringsoefening

Opdrag 4 :

  • Elke leerder kry nou ‘n beurt om sy/haar antwoorde by Opdrag 3 voor te lees en elke groeplid dui aan watter punt hy/sy wil toeken. Indien nodig, kan ‘n groeplid motiveer waarom ‘n swakker of ‘n beter punt nodig is.
  • Die groep moet saamstem oor die punt. Die volgende eenvoudige skaal word gebruik om te bepaal of die leerder vir sy familie ‘n VOORDEEL is.

1 = Die leerder bly darem by sy familie.

2 = Die leerder is soms, of was al van nut vir die familie.

3 = Die leerder is van werklike nut vir sy/haar familie.

4 = Die leerder se bydrae tot sy/haar familie is ‘n uitstaande prestasie.

PUNTE TOEGEKEN DEUR GROEPLEDE

Kennisgewing 1 :

Aan die einde van hierdie module moet jy ‘n projek oor Die Franse Revolusie inlewer. Jy sal stap-vir-stap die nodige inligting ontvang. Vir vandag hoef jy slegs:

( a ) by die huis te sê dat jy soek na inligting omtrent die tema en

( b ) die woordverklaring vir revolusie na te slaan/uit te vind. Voltooi:

Revolusie:

Bron:

VOORBEELD van die optekening van inligting wat uit ‘n spesifieke bron verkry is.

revolusie, opstand, omwenteling.

Bron:

a) inligting oor die skrywer(s) , (eers die van, dan name/voorletters)

b) die boek se titel in aanhalingstekens

c) die uitgewer en datum van uitgawe

d) die bladsynommer(s) sodat jy dit maklik weer kan kry.

Bostaande is die inligting wat die historikus nodig het, en dit is daarom verpligtend. Verskillende universiteite verskil selfs in hul eie onderskeie departemente oor die korrekte manier vir die optekening van broninligting, bv. die punte om a, b,c en d af te sluit, is verpligtend vir ‘n skripsie by die Departement Engels, US. Sorg dat jou projek so korrek as moontlik is want gesaghebbende bronne bewys die geldigheid van jou opinie.

Questions & Answers

Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
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s.
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Abhijith Reply
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s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
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SUYASH Reply
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SUYASH
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s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
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Ebrahim
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s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
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I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
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Uday
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what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
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Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
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Source:  OpenStax, Geskiedenis graad 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 12, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11043/1.1
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