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Aardrykskunde

Graad 4

Kaartwerk

Grootskaalkaarte

Module 7

Grootskaalkaarte

1.die wêreld

‘n Ronde kaart van die aarde word ‘n aardbol genoem.

Het jy al probeer om ‘n stukkende bal oop te sny en plat te druk? Net so moeilik is dit om ‘n ronde aarde op ‘n plat kaart uit te beeld. Daarom dui die meeste wêreldkaarte die aarde as “plat” aan.

2.afrika (my kontinent)

  • Die kontinent waarop jy woon se naam is ..................................................................
  • Afrika is die tweede grootste kontinent in die wêreld. Afrika bestaan uit 49 lande. ‘n Land is ‘n stuk aarde binne ‘n vaste grens. Die grenslyn skei een land van ‘n ander.

Aktiwiteit 1

Om die wêreldkaart te lees [lu 1.5]

Bestudeer die wêreldkaart op die vorige bladsy en beantwoord die vrae.

1. Hoeveel kontinente (vastelande) is daar? ....................................................

2. Watter kontinent is die grootste? ..................................................................

3. Watter kontinent is die kleinste? ...................................................................

4. Watter oseaan is tussen Afrika en Suid-Amerika? .......................................

5. Watter oseaan is tussen Suid-Amerika en Australië? ..................................

Aktiwiteit 2

Kaartwerk: afrika [lu 1.5]

Kleur nou al die lande op die Afrika-kontinent wat met ‘n “N” begin, bruin in.

1. Kleur jou land (Suid-Afrika) rooi in.

2. Skryf die name neer van die lande wat teenaan Suid-Afrika lê.

Sulke lande wat teenaan ‘n ander land lê, word ‘n buurland genoem .

3. suid-afrika (my land)

  • Suid-Afrika lê aan die suidpunt van die kontinent Afrika. Ons land, soos alle ander lande, word deur ‘n regering bestuur wat ook die wette van die land maak.
  • Kyk nou mooi na die volgende kaart van Suid-Afrika.

Binne ‘n land se grense is daar nog ander grense wat die land weer in provinsies opdeel.

  • Hoeveel provinsies het Suid-Afrika? ..............................
  • Grense word deur mense daar gestel en daarom kan dit verander word. Tot 1994 het Suid-Afrika slegs vier provinsies gehad.

Aktiwiteit 3

Kaartwerk [lu 1.5]

Kyk goed na die sleutel van die kaart van Suid-Afrika en beantwoord die volgende vrae:

1. Watter groot bergreeks vind ons in Kwazulu-Natal?

2. Noem drie grondstowwe wat in die Noord-Kaap gemyn word.

3. Watter provinsie is die verste Noord geleë?

4. Watter rivier mond op die noordelike grens van die Noord-Kaap in die

Atlantiese oseaan uit?

5. In watter oseaan sal jy swem as jy by Durban vakansie hou?

6. Watter provinsie is die kleinste?

7. In watter provinsie bevind jy jou as jy in Port Elizabeth vakansie hou?

8. Waar / Onwaar? Die steenkool wat in Mpumalanga gemyn word, kan met

skepe na ander land uitgevoer word.

Aktiwiteit 4

Om inligting uit bronne te gebruik om vrae oor mense en plekke te beantwoord [lu 1.5]

Julle opvoeder gaan ‘n muurkaart van die wêreld in die klaskamer ophang. Luister elke dag na die wêreldnuus en lees koerante. Bring berigte wat betrekking het op Aardrykskunde klas toe en laat jou opvoeder met ‘n kopspeld op die muurkaart aandui op watter kontinent die gebeure plaasgevind het. Bepreek dit en vorm en gee jou eie opinie.

Kom ons hou met hierdie opdrag vol tot die einde van die jaar!

Assessering

Leeruitkoms 1: aardrykskundige ondersoek

Die leerder is in staat om ondersoekvaardighede te gebruik om aardrykskundige en omgewingsbegrippe en -prosesse te ondersoek.

Assesseringstandaard

Dis duidelik wanneer die leerder

1.5 belangrike staatkundige grense en belangrike menslike en fisiese kenmerke op grootskaalkaarte identifiseer.

Memorandum

Grootskaalkaarte

Afrika

  1. 7
  2. Asië
  3. Europa

4. Atlanties

Stille

2. Namibië, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mosambiek

9

  1. Drakensberge
  2. Koper, diamante, yster
  3. Limpopo
  4. Oranje
  5. Indiese
  6. Gauteng
  7. Oos-Kaap

8. O – geen hawe

Questions & Answers

what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Aardrykskunde graad 4. OpenStax CNX. Oct 21, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11083/1.2
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