<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >


Grade 4

The place where we live

(settlement characteristics)

Module 9

The establishment of settlements


1.reasons for the establishment of a settlement

Since the earliest times people began to live together. Sometimes they did so to protect themselves against the enemy, and then they used natural landforms such as mountains, rivers and the oceans as protection against the enemy.

People often want to know why a town or city was built or established in a particular place. Let us take a look at why Cape Town was established in that particular spot.

The protection offered by the bay and the presence of fresh water, played an important part. When Jan van Riebeeck had to choose a spot where to build the first fort close to the deep and safe Table Bay, he decided that it should be built as closely as possible to the river which they later called the Vars River.

Apart from the availability of water (always important) and a bay, there are more reasons why cities or towns come into being.

Safety also plays a role. In earlier times especially, it was important to people to live where they could defend themselves against the enemy. A good example is king Moshesh who lived with his people on top of a mountain called Thaba Bosigo. There they were safe.

Other places where people established themselves in the past was where roads intersected, crossed a river, or went through a ravine.

Many towns were established where mission-stations were founded and churches were erected.

Some people simply settled in places they found attractive. Such places eventually developed into holiday resorts (tourist attractions).

Towns also developed by the seaside because the people had to be able to approach the town by boat (sea-ports). In large parts of South Africa precious minerals such as diamonds, gold and coal had been discovered at an early stage. People moved there in search of jobs and possible riches (mining towns/cities).

A town like Saldanha is renowned for the large amount of fish that is caught, processed and shipped there (industrial towns/cities).

A final reason why new towns and cities develop is the decision of governments to settle people in a particular environment.

Activity 1

To classify the following towns according to the table [lo1.7, 2.1]

Knysna; Port Elizabeth; Kimberley ; Cape Town ; Sasolburg ; Warmbad / Bela-Bela ; Skukuza ; Herolds Bay ; Hogsback ; Koffiefontein

Mining town/city Seaport town/city Industrial town/city Tourist attraction

Activity 2

To find out why your town, city or residential area was established [lo 2.1]

(Ask your teacher, parents or the people at the local museum to assist you, and write a paragraph on the place where you live.)

The following are examples of questions that you can ask. Think of more questions that you can add.

1. How old is our town/city?

2. How did our town/city come into existence?

3. Why did our town or city develop in this particular area?

4. ……………………………………………………………………………………..

5. ……………………………………………………………………………………..

6 . ……………….……………………………………………………………………

Questions & Answers

Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
for screen printed electrodes ?
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
Privacy Information Security Software Version 1.1a
Got questions? Join the online conversation and get instant answers!
QuizOver.com Reply

Get the best Algebra and trigonometry course in your pocket!

Source:  OpenStax, Geography grade 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 17, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11084/1.1
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Geography grade 4' conversation and receive update notifications?