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Life orientation

Grade 6

Healthy lifestyle

Module 3

Hiv and aids: a contagious disease. how can it be prevented or handled?

In South Africa more than 3 million people are currently HIV positive. This disease affects men, women and children of all ages, occupations and population groups in all the provinces of our country. If the current rate of infection does not decrease, one in every four people in the country will be HIV positive by the year 2010. Within 10 years the disease will result in three-quarters of a million South African children being orphans.

How can you prevent contracting the disease?

You have already learned the following in Grade 5:

  1. Regard the problem in a serious light and make sure that you know how the disease is spread.
  2. Make use of every possible opportunity to gain more knowledge of the disease.
  3. Sex must be safe, but should be delayed for as long as possible anyway.
  4. Never touch blood. If someone is injured and bleeding, rather call an adult. If there is a possibility of your touching the blood, pull a plastic bag without any holes over your hands. It is even better to wear rubber gloves.
  5. Never use old syringes or needles in any way.
  6. If you want to have your ears pierced or have a tattoo on your body, make sure that you have it done in a clean, reputable place where the needles are sterilised.

9. It is better to avoid alcohol or drugs completely, as they could prevent you from being able to protect yourself against being infected with the virus.

Activity 1:

To discuss strategies on how to handle a disease

[lo 1.3]

The following is a list of ways in which one can handle a serious disease so that the sick person, as well as the people around him/her who are also affected by the situation, can continue with their lives in the most positive manner possible.

Each group must choose at least two of these strategies, discuss them and make new recommendations on how to handle the disease.

  • Gain information about the disease.
  • Always remain hopeful.
  • Ask relatives to help.
  • Pray for the person.
  • Go to a clinic or hospital for help.
  • Keep all eating utensils clean.
  • Prepare special food for the affected person.
  • Contact the local hospice.
  • Be mindful of symptoms that might indicate that you have possibly contracted the disease.

Activity 2:

To plan and enact short playlets

[lo 1.3]

Plan and enact short playlets or scenes where you depict the following characters:

1. A seriously ill person

2. A doctor

3. The mother or father of the ill person

4. The sister or brother of the ill person

5. The child of the ill person

6. A spiritual person, e.g. a minister or priest

REMEMBER: Decide what disease the patient is suffering from. For the purpose of this role-play you must choose a life-threatening disease. Afterwards you must discuss the contribution made by each character in this situation.

Assessment

Learning outcomes(LOs)
LO 1
HEALTH PROMOTION The learner will be able to make informed decisions regarding personal, community and environmental health.
Assessment standards (ASs)
We know this when the learner:
1.1 interprets food labels and critically discusses health effects of listed ingredients;
1.2 participates in a problem-solving activity to address an environmental health issue to formulate environmentally sound choices and/or actions;
1.3 explains causes of communicable diseases (including HIV/AIDS) and available cures, and evaluates prevention strategies, in relation to community norms and personal values;
1.4 identifies different forms of abuse and suggests strategies to deal with them.

Questions & Answers

can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
ninjadapaul
20/(×-6^2)
Salomon
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
ninjadapaul
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
ninjadapaul
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
Salomon
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
Salomon
I got X =-6
Salomon
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
ninjadapaul
oops. ignore that.
ninjadapaul
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
ninjadapaul
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
hello
Sherica
im all ears I need to learn
Sherica
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
Tamia
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
Kim
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Al
y=10×
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
is it 3×y ?
Joan Reply
J, combine like terms 7x-4y
Bridget Reply
im not good at math so would this help me
Rachael Reply
yes
Asali
I'm not good at math so would you help me
Samantha
what is the problem that i will help you to self with?
Asali
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Life orientation grade 6. OpenStax CNX. Sep 07, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11003/1.1
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