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Social sciences

Grade 8

Geography: settlements

Module 3

Purposes for land use

The lay-out of a town or city plan shows that different areas are allocated for differerent purposes. The lay-out of any town or city must be well-planned. It would for instance be disastrous to allow an industry releasing toxic substances in a residential area. For this reason townplanners work years ahead to regulate each area regarding its functions, transport and land usage. It may however happen that the function of certain buildings change.

In Port Elizabeth for instance, many houses are now used for business purposes. The central business district has since been relocated. Close to Greenacres we are already beginning to see the head offices of banks and insurance companies. What once used to be part of the Mill Park residential area, is gradually becoming business premises.

1. Functions of land usage in South African cities

When we consider land use in an urban area, we find that certain basic functions are usually found in all cities. The total urban area usually consists of a number of developed areas, while others are still undeveloped.

The developed area usually consists of two types of areas, on for private and the other for public development.

Areas for private development

The area for private development usually includes three types of land use functions:

a) Residential – e.g. private homes, terraced houses, flats and townhouse complexes.

b) Industries – e.g. storage, light industries and heavy industries.

c) Commerce – e.g. retail, wholesale, financial and professional enterprises.

Areas for public development

The areas for public development serve four types of land functions:

a) streets

b) recreation – such as parks, sports grounds and culture

c) public services – such as hospitals, airports, cemeteries and sewerage

d) education – primary and high school

Undeveloped areas

The undeveloped areas can usually be classified under two headings:

a) unused, open areas

b) agricultural land

Activity 1:

To describe the role and function of land use

[lo 2.2]

Study this illustration of an urban area and answer the questions:

1. Where is the business district of the urban area situated?

2. Would you describe b as a high-income or a lower-income residential area? Give a reason for your answer.

3. What natural obstruction could prevent possible future expansion of the city in a northerly direction (see c )?

4. Are there adequate sporting facilities to provide in the needs of the city-dwellers?

Activity 2:

To discuss the function of land in any given environment

[lo 2.2]

nb: Teachers should note that this activity is a practical assignment that can be executed in groups of two.

2 The function of the land in my environment

Study the table and additional information and follow the teacher’s instructions to determine the use of land in your own environment.

Land use category description Plot No.
Public Services e.g. churches, hospitals, airports, etc.
Education e.g. schools, universities, etc.
Open unused areas
Agricultural land

Questions & Answers

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Damian Reply
absolutely yes
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Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
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Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
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That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
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s. Reply
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s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
or in general
in general
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
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Sanket Reply
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Damian Reply
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Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
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what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
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silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
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Source:  OpenStax, Geography grade 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 11, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11036/1.1
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