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Economic and management systems

Grade 8

Sustainable growth and development

Module 1

Run-up to the reconstruction and development programme (rdp)

South African history is characterised by colonialism, racism, apartheid, sexism and repressive labour and other legislation that has dominated over the economic and social environment since the country was founded in 1652. These factors resulted in deep-seated inequalities in the South African community, which led to revolutionary resistance towards the end of the 20 th century, and eventually to the establishment of a democratically elected government in 1994.

Activity 1: colonialism


Discuss your understanding of the concept COLONIALISM and name examples from other parts of the world where countries / states were colonized. Also indicate which states were involved in the colonization of Africa and South Africa. Which “inequalities” arose in South Africa on account of colonization?

  • Provide a brief report for your presentation to the class. Write this report on a folio. After the class discussion, write a brief summary:

Activity 2: racism


Discuss your understanding of the concept RACISM and explain how this affects everyday life. What do you regard as the main disadvantages of racism, i.e. which “inequalities” resulted from it in South Africa? Does racism occur in other countries?

  • Provide a brief report for presentation to the class.

Activity 3: apartheid


Discuss your understanding of the concept APARTHEID. why did it arise and what were the implications for South African society, i.e. which “inequalities” resulted from apartheid in South Africa?

  • Provide a brief report for presentation to the class.

Activity 4: sexism


Explain what you understand the concept SEXISM to mean and indicate what you see as disadvantages related to it, i.e. which “inequalities” have arisen in South Africa because of sexism.

  • Provide a brief report for presentation to the class.

Activity 5: repressive legislation


Explain how you understand the concept REPRESSIVE LEGISLATION and provide examples of such legislation that was enforced on the South African community by the previous government. Which “inequalities” were established by such legislation in South Africa?

  • Provide a brief report for presentation to the class.

Activity 6: summative analysis


each learner is required to provide a written analysis of each of the above concepts, under the headings given below. A neat presentation of TWO pages, at most, must be prepared and handed in and a brief summary must be entered: [LO 2.1

1. Analysis of concepts.

2. Examples to illustrate the concepts.

3. Effects on the social and employment environment in South Africa.

To deal with these “problems”, the present government instituted the RECONSTRUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME (RDP) in 1994. This programme was meant to fulfil the following broad principles, which were aimed at eliminating “inequalities”.

It had to be:

1. an integrated and sustainable programme (i.e. everyone was to be included)

Questions & Answers

can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
I got X =-6
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
oops. ignore that.
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
im all ears I need to learn
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
is it 3×y ?
Joan Reply
J, combine like terms 7x-4y
Bridget Reply
im not good at math so would this help me
Rachael Reply
I'm not good at math so would you help me
what is the problem that i will help you to self with?
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Economic and management sciences grade 8. OpenStax CNX. Sep 11, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11040/1.1
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