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Social sciences

History

Grade 9

Sa from 1948 to 2000: nationalism

Module 5

Apartheid and apartheid laws

Activity 1:

The following sources deal with Apartheid and Apartheid Laws:

SOURCE A: Act No 55 of 1949 – Prohibition of Mixed Marriages

The law stated that whites and non-whites could no longer marry one another.

SOURCE B: Act No 30 of 1950 – Population Registration Act

Each person was classified by the government as “white”, “coloured” or “native”.

People classified as “coloured’ or ‘native’ were further classified into ethnic groups, e.g. “Malay” or “Griqua”, “Xhosa” or “Zulu” etc.

All people were given official identity cards which stated their racial classification.

SOURCE C: Act No 49 of 1953 – Reservation of Separate Amenities Act

Separate entrances to buildings, separate seats, counters, cinemas, beaches, buses, etc. were established for different race groups.

People who used the wrong facility could be fined £50 or imprisonment for three months.

SOURCE D:

Martin Luther King Jr. delivered his “I Have a Dream” speech at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington on 28 August 1963. He called it “the greatest demonstration of freedom in the history of our nation.”

I Have a Dream “I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.

I have a dream todayI have a dream that one day the state of Alabama …will be transformed into a situation where

little black boys and black girls will be able to join hands with little white boys and white girls and walk together as sisters and brothers.

I have a dream todayI have a dream that one day every valley shall be exalted, every hill and mountain shall be made low, the rough places will be made plains, and the crooked places will be made straight, and the glory of the Lord shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together”.

Lo 3:the learner is able to demonstrate an understanding of historical interpretation

1 . You are a 15 year old boy or girl in 1965 and you have received a letter from a pen friend in San Francisco, California. This friend read in a newspaper about apartheid in South Africa. She/he has never before heard the word. Use Sources A, B and C and your own knowledge to describe to her/him in a letter your own interpretation of the meaning of the word ‘apartheid.’ Tell how you are affected by these laws.

Lo 1:the learner is able to use enquiry skills to investigate the past and present

2 . Study Source D:

2.1 From the speech find evidence that apartheid did not only exist in South Africa under the National Party regime.

3 . Compare Sources A, B and C with Source D.

3.1 Which one of the South African apartheid laws was addressed in the speech of Martin Luther King? Motivate your answer with evidence from the sources.

3.2 Martin Luther King made this speech in 1963. After how many years did this dream of his came true in South Africa?

4 . Go to a library or the Internet to find out why Martin Luther King was assassinated and the reason for it.

Assessment

Learning outcomes (LOs)

LO 1

Historical investigation

The learner is able to use research skills to investigate both the present and the past.

Assessment standards (ASs)

We know this when the learner:

1.1 investigates a topic by asking key questions and identifies a variety of relevant sources to explore

this topic [finding sources];

1.2 asks significant questions to evaluate the sources (e.g. to identify bias and stereotypes, omissions and gaps) [working with to sources];

1.3 analyses the information in sources [working with sources];

1.4 presents an independent line of argument in answering questions posed, and justifies (using evidence) the conclusions reached [answering the question];

1.5 communicates knowledge and understanding by constructing own interpretation and argument based on the historical sources; uses information technology where available and appropriate [communicating the answer].

LO 2

Knowledge and Understanding of History

The learner is able to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of history.

We know this when the learner:

2.1 places events, people and changes in the periods of history studied within chronological framework [chronology and time];

2.2 identifies categories of cause and effect (e.g. immediate and long-term, direct and indirect) [cause and effect];

2.3 explains and analyses the reasons for and results of events in history [cause and effect];

2.4 recognises that change and development does not always mean progress [change and continuity].

LO 3

Interpretation of History

The learner is able to interpret aspects of history.

We know this when the learner:

3.1 understands the contested nature of content, and that historians construct histories when writing about events from the past [source interpretation];

3.2 constructs an interpretation based on sources, giving reasons for own interpretation [source interpretation];

Questions & Answers

what does nano mean?
Anassong Reply
nano basically means 10^(-9). nanometer is a unit to measure length.
Bharti
do you think it's worthwhile in the long term to study the effects and possibilities of nanotechnology on viral treatment?
Damian Reply
absolutely yes
Daniel
how to know photocatalytic properties of tio2 nanoparticles...what to do now
Akash Reply
it is a goid question and i want to know the answer as well
Maciej
characteristics of micro business
Abigail
for teaching engĺish at school how nano technology help us
Anassong
Do somebody tell me a best nano engineering book for beginners?
s. Reply
what is fullerene does it is used to make bukky balls
Devang Reply
are you nano engineer ?
s.
fullerene is a bucky ball aka Carbon 60 molecule. It was name by the architect Fuller. He design the geodesic dome. it resembles a soccer ball.
Tarell
what is the actual application of fullerenes nowadays?
Damian
That is a great question Damian. best way to answer that question is to Google it. there are hundreds of applications for buck minister fullerenes, from medical to aerospace. you can also find plenty of research papers that will give you great detail on the potential applications of fullerenes.
Tarell
what is the Synthesis, properties,and applications of carbon nano chemistry
Abhijith Reply
Mostly, they use nano carbon for electronics and for materials to be strengthened.
Virgil
is Bucky paper clear?
CYNTHIA
so some one know about replacing silicon atom with phosphorous in semiconductors device?
s. Reply
Yeah, it is a pain to say the least. You basically have to heat the substarte up to around 1000 degrees celcius then pass phosphene gas over top of it, which is explosive and toxic by the way, under very low pressure.
Harper
Do you know which machine is used to that process?
s.
how to fabricate graphene ink ?
SUYASH Reply
for screen printed electrodes ?
SUYASH
What is lattice structure?
s. Reply
of graphene you mean?
Ebrahim
or in general
Ebrahim
in general
s.
Graphene has a hexagonal structure
tahir
On having this app for quite a bit time, Haven't realised there's a chat room in it.
Cied
what is biological synthesis of nanoparticles
Sanket Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
I'm interested in nanotube
Uday
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, History grade 9. OpenStax CNX. Sep 14, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11063/1.1
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