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EKONOMIESE EN BESTUURSWETENSKAPPE

Graad 4

HOE MENSE ‘N BESTAAN VOER

Module 4

DIENSLEWERING, VERVAARDIGING EN GEBRUIK

  1. Die openbare- en privaatsektor

Die instansies wat dienste lewer, kan in twee groepe verdeel word:

(a)die openbare sektor

Hiermee verstaan ons al die besighede wat deur die staat befonds en bestuur word. Die staat is hoofsaaklik verantwoordelik vir dienste soos onderwys (skole), gesondheid (hospitale) en veiligheid (polisie), maar lewer ook dienste soos telekommunikasie (Telkom) en vervoer (Transnet). Hierdie sektor lewer elke dag ‘n groot klomp dienste waarvoor hulle baie geld benodig, en dit is waarom die inwoners van die land belasting moet betaal op hul inkomste en produkte wat gekoop word. Hierdie belasting moet dan aan die regering oorhandig word. Gesels ‘n bietjie met jou ouers oor die gedeelte van hul inkomste wat hul maandeliks/jaarliks aan die staat moet afstaan vir inkomstebelasting. Dan word daar ook belasting betaal op die meeste verbruiksartikels wat ons koop (BTW).

(b) Die privaatsektor

Dit is die individue en groepe wat hul eie besighede besit. Dit sluit in privaathospitale, privaatskole, winkels, vervoernetwerke (SAL&taxi’s) , beskerming (gewapende reaksiegroepe), ens.

Aktiwiteit 1

Om tussen die openbare en privaatsektor te onderskei [LU 4.3]

  1. Is jou skool deel van die openbare of privaatsektor?

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  1. Watter van jou en jou gesin se daaglikse behoeftes word deur die onderskeie sektore bedien?
Privaatsektor Openbare sektor
Bv. vervoer Bv. poswese
8.
  1. Wat is belasting?

Skryf voorbeelde neer van vervoer in jou omgewing en klassifiseer dit in die volgende tabelle:

Openbare sektor Privaatsektor

2. Vervaardiging en verbruik

Alle huishoudings verbruik produkte. Daardie produkte moet deur die produsent geproduseer (vervaardig) word. Die bakkery bak brood sodat die huisgesin daagliks van hul stapelvoedsel voorsien kan word. Om die mens (verbruiker) se behoeftes te bevredig, moet die produsent besluit watter produkte om te produseer. Die verbruiker vra sekere goedere aan en die produsent bied dit dan aan – VRAAG en AANBOD. Hoe meer ons ‘n produk benodig, hoe groter word die vraag daarna. So is die vraag na kompakskyfspelers groter as die vraag na outydse draaitafels.

Die entrepreneur wat ‘n sukses van sy besigheid wil maak, moet derhalwe die mark (behoefte van die verbruiker) baie goed bestudeer om seker te maak dat dit wat hy/sy wil verkoop, in aanvraag is en goed kan kompeteer met soortgelyke produkte.

Aktiwiteit 2

Om intrepreneurskennis toe te pas [LU 4.4]

Bestudeer die volgende skets van ‘n skoolmarkdag en beantwoord die vrae:

  1. Watter produkte op die skets word slegs een keer gebruik en dan nie weer nie?

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  1. Watter produkte word herhaaldelik deur julle gesin gebruik?

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  1. Watter produkte is duidelik in aanvraag by julle gesinslede?

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  1. Vir watter produkte is daar nie ‘n groot aanvraag in julle gesin nie?

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  1. Watter produk mis jy op hierdie skets? Watter leemte is daar in die mark vir jou as ‘n entrepreneur wat vinnig wil besigheid doen?

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Baie geluk!

Jy begin sommer al klaar dink soos ‘n regte entrepreneur!!

In die volgende twee modules gaan ons kyk hoe jy ‘n entrepreneur kan word.

Assessering

LEERUITKOMS 4: ENTREPRENEURSKENNIS EN –VAARDIGHEDE

Die leerder is in staat om entrepreneurskennis, -vaardighede en -houdings te ontwikkel.

Assesseringstandaard

Dis duidelik wanneer die leerder:

  • onderskei tussen die entrepreneursaksies van koop, verkoop en produseer;
  • neem deel aan ‘n kermis of markdag by die skool en pas entrepreneurskennis en –vaardighede toe.

Memorandum

Bladsye 1 en 2

Onderskei tussen die openbare en privaatsektor aan die hand van voorbeelde uit leerders se eie lewe. Neem die leiding.

Bladsye 3 en 4

Gesels inleidend oor die vraag-/aanbodkonsep. Maak dan afleidings oor die vraag na sekere artikels op ’n markdag.

Questions & Answers

can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
ninjadapaul
20/(×-6^2)
Salomon
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
ninjadapaul
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
ninjadapaul
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
Salomon
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
Salomon
I got X =-6
Salomon
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
ninjadapaul
oops. ignore that.
ninjadapaul
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
ninjadapaul
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
hello
Sherica
im all ears I need to learn
Sherica
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
Tamia
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
Kim
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Al
y=10×
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
is it 3×y ?
Joan Reply
J, combine like terms 7x-4y
Bridget Reply
im not good at math so would this help me
Rachael Reply
yes
Asali
I'm not good at math so would you help me
Samantha
what is the problem that i will help you to self with?
Asali
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Ekonomiese en bestuurswetenskappe graad 4. OpenStax CNX. Sep 17, 2009 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11085/1.1
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