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This module is part of a collection dedicated to learning XML.

Table of contents

Preface

General

This module is part of a collection dedicated to learning XML.

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Figures

Supplemental material

I recommend that you also study the other lessons in my extensive collection of online programmingtutorials. You will find a consolidated index at www.DickBaldwin.com .

A brief introduction to XML

The name XML derives from e X tensible M arkup L anguage. According to Wikipedia,

"A markup language is a system for annotating text in a way which is syntactically distinguishable from that text."

In other words, when text has been annotated or marked up, the annotations can be easily distinguished from the original text. For example, if you turn in a termpaper and the professor annotates it with a red pencil, you can easily distinguish her annotations from your original text. However, XML doesn't usecolor to annotate text. Instead, XML uses specially formatted text to annotate text.

Structured documents

XML gives us a way to create and maintain structured documents in plain text that can be rendered in a variety of different ways. For example, before Iupload this document to the Connexions website for publishing, I will convert into CNXML , which is one of the many flavors of XML. Once the document is on the website inthat format, programs on the website have the ability to render it in the form of a web page (which you are probably reading right now) or in the form of a PDF document, which you can download andprint if you choose to do so.

There is a lot of jargon involved in XML. One of my objectives will be to explain the jargon.

What do I mean by a "structured document?"

I will answer this question by providing an example. A book is a structured document. In its simplest form, a book may be composed of chapters. The chaptersmay be composed of sections. The sections may contain illustrations and tables. The tables are composed of rows and columns. Thus, it would be possible to drawa picture that illustrates the structure of a book.

What do I mean by "plain text?"

Characters such as the letters of the alphabet and punctuation marks are represented in the computer by numeric values, similar to a simple substitutioncode that a child might devise. For example in one popular encoding scheme (ASCII), the upper-case version of the character "A" is represented by the value65, a "B" is represented by the value 66, a "C" is represented by 67, etc.

Different encoding schemes

The actual correspondence between the characters and the specific numeric values representing the characters has been described by several differentencoding schemes over the years. One of the most common and enduring schemes is a scheme that was devised a number of years ago by an organization known as theAmerican Standards Committee on Information Interchange. This encoding scheme is commonly known as the ASCII code.

Questions & Answers

can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
ninjadapaul
20/(×-6^2)
Salomon
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
ninjadapaul
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
ninjadapaul
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
Salomon
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
Salomon
I got X =-6
Salomon
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
ninjadapaul
oops. ignore that.
ninjadapaul
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
ninjadapaul
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
hello
Sherica
im all ears I need to learn
Sherica
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
Tamia
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
Kim
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Al
y=10×
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
is it 3×y ?
Joan Reply
J, combine like terms 7x-4y
Bridget Reply
im not good at math so would this help me
Rachael Reply
yes
Asali
I'm not good at math so would you help me
Samantha
what is the problem that i will help you to self with?
Asali
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
China
Cied
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
Porter
many many of nanotubes
Porter
what is the k.e before it land
Yasmin
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
Cesar
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
AMJAD
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
AMJAD
what is system testing
AMJAD
what is the application of nanotechnology?
Stotaw
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
Azam
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
Prasenjit
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
Azam
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
Prasenjit
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
Damian
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
Damian
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
Azam
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Introduction to xml. OpenStax CNX. Dec 02, 2014 Download for free at https://legacy.cnx.org/content/col11207/1.18
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