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5.3.1. user needs: analyzing the audience

Before embarking on a new interface design, it was pertinent to identify the features and functions that users would expect and desire from PReE. Surveys and interviews were conducted, and the results led to our distinguishing between users of PReE in terms of their backgrounds, goals, and needs. Of course, it was recognized that the usefulness of these user profiles was limited, particularly with respect to the needs of interdisciplinary users and users from less text-centric disciplines (such as Fine Arts). These limitations notwithstanding, this initial discussion allowed us to identify three general user profiles: graduate students (“students”), teaching professors (“teachers”), and research professors (“researchers”).

“Student” users were characterized as coming from potentially broad disciplinary backgrounds. Their goals were to conduct self-directed research for the purposes of acquiring a thorough knowledge of a particular field; to complete their doctoral or masters theses; and to build their scholarly reputations. Needs and desires dictated by these goals included access to citations and bibliographies; a way of assessing the impact-factor of a given article, topic, or researcher in a particular field; and a system to facilitate both formal and informal peer review of their research.

“Teacher” users were characterized as potentially belonging to broad disciplinary backgrounds (such as history) and/or specific fields (such as late medieval English military history). Their goals included recommending readings to students, and undertaking self-directed research for the purpose of compiling knowledge-area bibliographies (often annotated), and writing and delivering lectures. These goals required access to citations and surveys of new and recent research in their particular field(s).

“Researcher” users were similarly characterized as potentially coming from a broad field and/or a more specific field of research expertise. Their goals included self-directed research for the purpose of building knowledge-area bibliographies (often annotated), writing and presenting conference papers, writing and delivering lectures, engaging in scholarly publication, and building and maintaining their scholarly reputations.

As a whole, these results suggested three key user requirements: the facilitation of high-level research, the facilitation of collaboration, and the achievement of recognition in their field of study. Although additional features were suggested, meeting these key requirements would be the driving force behind the design of the new PReE interface.

5.3.2. design principles, processes, and prototypes

A series of design principles were also agreed upon, which dictated that the interface design should focus on providing efficient ways to complete tasks ( efficiency ), on managing higher and lower priority objects ( visual balance ), on testing usability ( prototyping ), and on the ability to rapidly execute tasks in an agile work environment ( flexibility ). These principles suggested a design process of four steps. The first step was to conduct environmental scans in order to survey successful features offered by other web applications and assess their applicability for our present needs. The next step was to construct workflow sketches. The third step was to develop simple prototypes, and the fourth, to develop initial designs.

Questions & Answers

find the 15th term of the geometric sequince whose first is 18 and last term of 387
Jerwin Reply
The given of f(x=x-2. then what is the value of this f(3) 5f(x+1)
virgelyn Reply
hmm well what is the answer
how do they get the third part x = (32)5/4
kinnecy Reply
can someone help me with some logarithmic and exponential equations.
Jeffrey Reply
sure. what is your question?
okay, so you have 6 raised to the power of 2. what is that part of your answer
I don't understand what the A with approx sign and the boxed x mean
it think it's written 20/(X-6)^2 so it's 20 divided by X-6 squared
I'm not sure why it wrote it the other way
I got X =-6
ok. so take the square root of both sides, now you have plus or minus the square root of 20= x-6
oops. ignore that.
so you not have an equal sign anywhere in the original equation?
is it a question of log
Commplementary angles
Idrissa Reply
im all ears I need to learn
right! what he said ⤴⤴⤴
what is a good calculator for all algebra; would a Casio fx 260 work with all algebra equations? please name the cheapest, thanks.
Kevin Reply
a perfect square v²+2v+_
Dearan Reply
kkk nice
Abdirahman Reply
algebra 2 Inequalities:If equation 2 = 0 it is an open set?
Kim Reply
or infinite solutions?
The answer is neither. The function, 2 = 0 cannot exist. Hence, the function is undefined.
Embra Reply
if |A| not equal to 0 and order of A is n prove that adj (adj A = |A|
Nancy Reply
rolling four fair dice and getting an even number an all four dice
ramon Reply
Kristine 2*2*2=8
Bridget Reply
Differences Between Laspeyres and Paasche Indices
Emedobi Reply
No. 7x -4y is simplified from 4x + (3y + 3x) -7y
Mary Reply
how do you translate this in Algebraic Expressions
linda Reply
Need to simplify the expresin. 3/7 (x+y)-1/7 (x-1)=
Crystal Reply
. After 3 months on a diet, Lisa had lost 12% of her original weight. She lost 21 pounds. What was Lisa's original weight?
Chris Reply
what's the easiest and fastest way to the synthesize AgNP?
Damian Reply
types of nano material
abeetha Reply
I start with an easy one. carbon nanotubes woven into a long filament like a string
many many of nanotubes
what is the k.e before it land
what is the function of carbon nanotubes?
I'm interested in nanotube
what is nanomaterials​ and their applications of sensors.
Ramkumar Reply
what is nano technology
Sravani Reply
what is system testing?
preparation of nanomaterial
Victor Reply
Yes, Nanotechnology has a very fast field of applications and their is always something new to do with it...
Himanshu Reply
good afternoon madam
what is system testing
what is the application of nanotechnology?
In this morden time nanotechnology used in many field . 1-Electronics-manufacturad IC ,RAM,MRAM,solar panel etc 2-Helth and Medical-Nanomedicine,Drug Dilivery for cancer treatment etc 3- Atomobile -MEMS, Coating on car etc. and may other field for details you can check at Google
anybody can imagine what will be happen after 100 years from now in nano tech world
after 100 year this will be not nanotechnology maybe this technology name will be change . maybe aftet 100 year . we work on electron lable practically about its properties and behaviour by the different instruments
name doesn't matter , whatever it will be change... I'm taking about effect on circumstances of the microscopic world
how hard could it be to apply nanotechnology against viral infections such HIV or Ebola?
silver nanoparticles could handle the job?
not now but maybe in future only AgNP maybe any other nanomaterials
I'm interested in Nanotube
this technology will not going on for the long time , so I'm thinking about femtotechnology 10^-15
can nanotechnology change the direction of the face of the world
Prasenjit Reply
At high concentrations (>0.01 M), the relation between absorptivity coefficient and absorbance is no longer linear. This is due to the electrostatic interactions between the quantum dots in close proximity. If the concentration of the solution is high, another effect that is seen is the scattering of light from the large number of quantum dots. This assumption only works at low concentrations of the analyte. Presence of stray light.
Ali Reply
the Beer law works very well for dilute solutions but fails for very high concentrations. why?
bamidele Reply
how did you get the value of 2000N.What calculations are needed to arrive at it
Smarajit Reply
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Source:  OpenStax, Online humanities scholarship: the shape of things to come. OpenStax CNX. May 08, 2010 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11199/1.1
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