<< Chapter < Page Chapter >> Page >

Formulas from geometry

A = area , V = Volume , and S = lateral surface area

The figure shows five geometric figures. The first is a parallelogram with height labeled as h and base as b. Below the figure is the formula for area, A = bh. The second is a triangle with height labeled as h and base as b. Below the figure is the formula for area, A = (1/2)bh.. The third is a trapezoid with the top horizontal side labeled as a, height as h, and base as b. Below the figure is the formula for area, A = (1/2)(a + b)h. The fourth is a circle with radius labeled as r. Below the figure is the formula for area, A= (pi)(r^2), and the formula for circumference, C = 2(pi)r. The fifth is a sector of a circle with radius labeled as r, sector length as s, and angle as theta. Below the figure is the formula for area, A = (1/2)r^2(theta), and sector length, s = r(theta) (theta in radians). The figure shows three solid figures. The first is a cylinder with height labeled as h and radius as r. Below the figure are the formulas for volume, V = (pi)(r^2)h, and surface area, S = 2(pi)rh. The second is a cone with height labeled as h, radius as r, and lateral side length as l. Below the figure are the formulas for volume, V = (1/3)(pi)(r^2)h, and surface area, S = (pi)rl. The third is a sphere with radius labeled as r. Below the figure are the formulas for volume, V = (4/3)(pi)(r^3), and surface area, S = 4(pi)r^2.

Formulas from algebra

Laws of exponents

x m x n = x m + n x m x n = x m n ( x m ) n = x m n x n = 1 x n ( x y ) n = x n y n ( x y ) n = x n y n x 1 / n = x n x y n = x n y n x y n = x n y n x m / n = x m n = ( x n ) m

Special factorizations

x 2 y 2 = ( x + y ) ( x y ) x 3 + y 3 = ( x + y ) ( x 2 x y + y 2 ) x 3 y 3 = ( x y ) ( x 2 + x y + y 2 )

Quadratic formula

If a x 2 + b x + c = 0 , then x = b ± b 2 4 c a 2 a .

Binomial theorem

( a + b ) n = a n + ( n 1 ) a n 1 b + ( n 2 ) a n 2 b 2 + + ( n n 1 ) a b n 1 + b n ,

where ( n k ) = n ( n 1 ) ( n 2 ) ( n k + 1 ) k ( k 1 ) ( k 2 ) 3 2 1 = n ! k ! ( n k ) !

Formulas from trigonometry

Right-angle trigonometry

sin θ = opp hyp csc θ = hyp opp cos θ = adj hyp sec θ = hyp adj tan θ = opp adj cot θ = adj opp

The figure shows a right triangle with the longest side labeled hyp, the shorter leg labeled as opp, and the longer leg labeled as adj. The angle between the hypotenuse and the adjacent side is labeled theta.

Trigonometric functions of important angles

θ Radians sin θ cos θ tan θ
0 ° 0 0 1 0
30 ° π / 6 1 / 2 3 / 2 3 / 3
45 ° π / 4 2 / 2 2 / 2 1
60 ° π / 3 3 / 2 1 / 2 3
90 ° π / 2 1 0

Fundamental identities

sin 2 θ + cos 2 θ = 1 sin ( θ ) = sin θ 1 + tan 2 θ = sec 2 θ cos ( θ ) = cos θ 1 + cot 2 θ = csc 2 θ tan ( θ ) = tan θ sin ( π 2 θ ) = cos θ sin ( θ + 2 π ) = sin θ cos ( π 2 θ ) = sin θ cos ( θ + 2 π ) = cos θ tan ( π 2 θ ) = cot θ tan ( θ + π ) = tan θ

Law of sines

sin A a = sin B b = sin C c

The figure shows a nonright triangle with vertices labeled A, B, and C. The side opposite angle A is labeled a. The side opposite angle B is labeled b. The side opposite angle C is labeled c.

Law of cosines

a 2 = b 2 + c 2 2 b c cos A b 2 = a 2 + c 2 2 a c cos B c 2 = a 2 + b 2 2 a b cos C

Addition and subtraction formulas

sin ( x + y ) = sin x cos y + cos x sin y sin ( x y ) = sin x cos y cos x sin y cos ( x + y ) = cos x cos y sin x sin y cos ( x y ) = cos x cos y + sin x sin y tan ( x + y ) = tan x + tan y 1 tan x tan y tan ( x y ) = tan x tan y 1 + tan x tan y

Double-angle formulas

sin 2 x = 2 sin x cos x cos 2 x = cos 2 x sin 2 x = 2 cos 2 x 1 = 1 2 sin 2 x tan 2 x = 2 tan x 1 tan 2 x

Half-angle formulas

sin 2 x = 1 cos 2 x 2 cos 2 x = 1 + cos 2 x 2

Questions & Answers

f(x) =3+8+4
tennesio Reply
d(x)(x)/dx =?
Abdul Reply
scope of a curve
Abraham Reply
check continuty at x=1 when f (x)={x^3 if x <1 -4-x^2 if -1 <and= x <and= 10
Raja Reply
what is the value as sinx
Sudam Reply
f (x)=x3_2x+3,a=3
Bilal Reply
given demand function & cost function. x= 6000 - 30p c= 72000 + 60x . . find the break even price & quantities.
Fiseha Reply
hi guys ....um new here ...integrate my welcome
Asif Reply
An airline sells tickets from Tokyo to Detroit for $1200. There are 500 seats available and a typical flight books 350 seats. For every $10 decrease in price, the airline observes and additional 5 seats sold. (a) What should the fare be to maximize profit? (b) How many passeners would be on board?
Ravendra Reply
I would like to know if there exists a second category of integration by substitution
CHIFUNDO Reply
nth differential cofficient of x×x/(x-1)(x-2)
Abhay Reply
integral of root of sinx cosx
Wedraj Reply
the number of gallons of water in a tank t minutes after the tank has started to drain is Q(t)=200(30-t)^2.how fast is the water running out at the end of 10 minutes?
Purity Reply
why is it that the integral of eudu =eu
Maman Reply
using L hospital rule
Abubakar Reply

Get the best Calculus volume 1 course in your pocket!





Source:  OpenStax, Calculus volume 1. OpenStax CNX. Feb 05, 2016 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11964/1.2
Google Play and the Google Play logo are trademarks of Google Inc.

Notification Switch

Would you like to follow the 'Calculus volume 1' conversation and receive update notifications?

Ask