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There is a function such that f ( x ) < 0 , f ( x ) > 0 , and f ( x ) < 0 . (A graphical “proof” is acceptable for this answer.)

True

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There is a function such that there is both an inflection point and a critical point for some value x = a .

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Given the graph of f , determine where f is increasing or decreasing.

The function increases to cross the x-axis at −2, reaches a maximum and then decreases through the origin, reaches a minimum and then increases to a maximum at 2, decreases to a minimum and then increases to pass through the x-axis at 4 and continues increasing.

Increasing: ( −2 , 0 ) ( 4 , ) , decreasing: ( , −2 ) ( 0 , 4 )

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The graph of f is given below. Draw f .

The function decreases rapidly and reaches a local minimum at −2, then it increases to reach a local maximum at 0, at which point it decreases slowly at first, then stops decreasing near 1, then continues decreasing to reach a minimum at 3, and then increases rapidly.
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Find the linear approximation L ( x ) to y = x 2 + tan ( π x ) near x = 1 4 .

L ( x ) = 17 16 + 1 2 ( 1 + 4 π ) ( x 1 4 )

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Find the differential of y = x 2 5 x 6 and evaluate for x = 2 with d x = 0.1 .

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Find the critical points and the local and absolute extrema of the following functions on the given interval.

f ( x ) = x + sin 2 ( x ) over [ 0 , π ]

Critical point: x = 3 π 4 , absolute minimum: x = 0 , absolute maximum: x = π

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f ( x ) = 3 x 4 4 x 3 12 x 2 + 6 over [ −3 , 3 ]

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Determine over which intervals the following functions are increasing, decreasing, concave up, and concave down.

x ( t ) = 3 t 4 8 t 3 18 t 2

Increasing: ( −1 , 0 ) ( 3 , ) , decreasing: ( , −1 ) ( 0 , 3 ) , concave up: ( , 1 3 ( 2 13 ) ) ( 1 3 ( 2 + 13 ) , ) , concave down: ( 1 3 ( 2 13 ) , 1 3 ( 2 + 13 ) )

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g ( x ) = x x

Increasing: ( 1 4 , ) , decreasing: ( 0 , 1 4 ) , concave up: ( 0 , ) , concave down: nowhere

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Evaluate the following limits.

lim x 3 x x 2 + 1 x 4 1

3

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lim x cos ( 1 x )

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lim x 1 x 1 sin ( π x )

1 π

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lim x ( 3 x ) 1 / x

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Use Newton’s method to find the first two iterations, given the starting point.

y = x 3 + 1 , x 0 = 0.5

x 1 = −1 , x 2 = −1

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Find the antiderivatives F ( x ) of the following functions.

g ( x ) = x 1 x 2

F ( x ) = 2 x 3 / 2 3 + 1 x + C

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f ( x ) = 2 x + 6 cos x , F ( π ) = π 2 + 2

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Graph the following functions by hand. Make sure to label the inflection points, critical points, zeros, and asymptotes.

y = 1 x ( x + 1 ) 2


This graph has vertical asymptotes at x = 0 and x = −1. The first part of the function occurs in the third quadrant with a horizontal asymptote at y = 0. The function decreases quickly from near (−5, 0) to near the vertical asymptote (−1, ∞). On the other side of the asymptote, the function is roughly U-shaped and pointed down in the third quadrant between x = −1 and x = 0 with maximum near (−0.4, −6). On the other side of the x = 0 asympotote, the function decreases from its vertical asymptote near (0, ∞) and to approach the horizontal asymptote y = 0.
Inflection points: none; critical points: x = 1 3 ; zeros: none; vertical asymptotes: x = −1 , x = 0 ; horizontal asymptote: y = 0

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A car is being compacted into a rectangular solid. The volume is decreasing at a rate of 2 m 3 /sec. The length and width of the compactor are square, but the height is not the same length as the length and width. If the length and width walls move toward each other at a rate of 0.25 m/sec, find the rate at which the height is changing when the length and width are 2 m and the height is 1.5 m.

The height is decreasing at a rate of 0.125 m/sec

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A rocket is launched into space; its kinetic energy is given by K ( t ) = ( 1 2 ) m ( t ) v ( t ) 2 , where K is the kinetic energy in joules, m is the mass of the rocket in kilograms, and v is the velocity of the rocket in meters/second. Assume the velocity is increasing at a rate of 15 m/sec 2 and the mass is decreasing at a rate of 10 kg/sec because the fuel is being burned. At what rate is the rocket’s kinetic energy changing when the mass is 2000 kg and the velocity is 5000 m/sec? Give your answer in mega-Joules (MJ), which is equivalent to 10 6 J.

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The famous Regiomontanus’ problem for angle maximization was proposed during the 15 th century. A painting hangs on a wall with the bottom of the painting a distance a feet above eye level, and the top b feet above eye level. What distance x (in feet) from the wall should the viewer stand to maximize the angle subtended by the painting, θ ?

A point is marked eye level, and from this point a right triangle is made with adjacent side length x and opposite side length a, which is the length from the bottom of the picture to the level of the eye. A second right triangle is made from the point marked eye level, with the adjacent side being x and the other side being length b, which is the height of the picture. The angle between the two hypotenuses is marked θ.

x = a b feet

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An airline sells tickets from Tokyo to Detroit for $ 1200 . There are 500 seats available and a typical flight books 350 seats. For every $ 10 decrease in price, the airline observes an additional five seats sold. What should the fare be to maximize profit? How many passengers would be onboard?

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Questions & Answers

find the nth differential coefficient of cosx.cos2x.cos3x
Sudhanayaki Reply
determine the inverse(one-to-one function) of f(x)=x(cube)+4 and draw the graph if the function and its inverse
Crystal Reply
f(x) = x^3 + 4, to find inverse switch x and you and isolate y: x = y^3 + 4 x -4 = y^3 (x-4)^1/3 = y = f^-1(x)
Andrew
in the example exercise how does it go from -4 +- squareroot(8)/-4 to -4 +- 2squareroot(2)/-4 what is the process of pulling out the factor like that?
Robert Reply
can you please post the question again here so I can see what your talking about
Andrew
√(8) =√(4x2) =√4 x √2 2 √2 hope this helps. from the surds theory a^c x b^c = (ab)^c
Barnabas
564356
Myong
can you determine whether f(x)=x(cube) +4 is a one to one function
Crystal
one to one means that every input has a single output, and not multiple outputs. whenever the highest power of a given polynomial is odd then that function is said to be odd. a big help to help you understand this concept would be to graph the function and see visually what's going on.
Andrew
one to one means that every input has a single output, and not multiple outputs. whenever the highest power of a given polynomial is odd then that function is said to be odd. a big help to help you understand this concept would be to graph the function and see visually what's going on.
Andrew
can you show the steps from going from 3/(x-2)= y to x= 3/y +2 I'm confused as to how y ends up as the divisor
Robert Reply
step 1: take reciprocal of both sides (x-2)/3 = 1/y step 2: multiply both sides by 3 x-2 = 3/y step 3: add 2 to both sides x = 3/y + 2 ps nice farcry 3 background!
Andrew
first you cross multiply and get y(x-2)=3 then apply distribution and the left side of the equation such as yx-2y=3 then you add 2y in both sides of the equation and get yx=3+2y and last divide both sides of the equation by y and you get x=3/y+2
Ioana
Multiply both sides by (x-2) to get 3=y(x-2) Then you can divide both sides by y (it's just a multiplied term now) to get 3/y = (x-2). Since the parentheses aren't doing anything for the right side, you can drop them, and add the 2 to both sides to get 3/y + 2 = x
Melin
thank you ladies and gentlemen I appreciate the help!
Robert
keep practicing and asking questions, practice makes perfect! and be aware that are often different paths to the same answer, so the more you familiarize yourself with these multiple different approaches, the less confused you'll be.
Andrew
please how do I learn integration
aliyu Reply
they are simply "anti-derivatives". so you should first learn how to take derivatives of any given function before going into taking integrals of any given function.
Andrew
best way to learn is always to look into a few basic examples of different kinds of functions, and then if you have any further questions, be sure to state specifically which step in the solution you are not understanding.
Andrew
example 1) say f'(x) = x, f(x) = ? well there is a rule called the 'power rule' which states that if f'(x) = x^n, then f(x) = x^(n+1)/(n+1) so in this case, f(x) = x^2/2
Andrew
great noticeable direction
Isaac
limit x tend to infinite xcos(π/2x)*sin(π/4x)
Abhijeet Reply
can you give me a problem for function. a trigonometric one
geovanni Reply
state and prove L hospital rule
Krishna Reply
I want to know about hospital rule
Faysal
If you tell me how can I Know about engineering math 1( sugh as any lecture or tutorial)
Faysal
I don't know either i am also new,first year college ,taking computer engineer,and.trying to advance learning
Amor
if you want some help on l hospital rule ask me
Jawad
it's spelled hopital
Connor
hi
BERNANDINO
you are correct Connor Angeli, the L'Hospital was the old one but the modern way to say is L 'Hôpital.
Leo
I had no clue this was an online app
Connor
Total online shopping during the Christmas holidays has increased dramatically during the past 5 years. In 2012 (t=0), total online holiday sales were $42.3 billion, whereas in 2013 they were $48.1 billion. Find a linear function S that estimates the total online holiday sales in the year t . Interpret the slope of the graph of S . Use part a. to predict the year when online shopping during Christmas will reach $60 billion?
Nguyen Reply
what is the derivative of x= Arc sin (x)^1/2
morfling Reply
y^2 = arcsin(x)
Pitior
x = sin (y^2)
Pitior
differentiate implicitly
Pitior
then solve for dy/dx
Pitior
thank you it was very helpful
morfling
questions solve y=sin x
Obi Reply
Solve it for what?
Tim
you have to apply the function arcsin in both sides and you get arcsin y = acrsin (sin x) the the function arcsin and function sin cancel each other so the ecuation becomes arcsin y = x you can also write x= arcsin y
Ioana
what is the question ? what is the answer?
Suman
there is an equation that should be solve for x
Ioana
ok solve it
Suman
are you saying y is of sin(x) y=sin(x)/sin of both sides to solve for x... therefore y/sin =x
Tyron
or solve for sin(x) via the unit circle
Tyron
what is unit circle
Suman
a circle whose radius is 1.
Darnell
the unit circle is covered in pre cal...and or trigonometry. it is the multipcation table of upper level mathematics.
Tyron
what is function?
Ryan Reply
A set of points in which every x value (domain) corresponds to exactly one y value (range)
Tim
what is lim (x,y)~(0,0) (x/y)
NIKI Reply
limited of x,y at 0,0 is nt defined
Alswell
But using L'Hopitals rule is x=1 is defined
Alswell
Could U explain better boss?
emmanuel
value of (x/y) as (x,y) tends to (0,0) also whats the value of (x+y)/(x^2+y^2) as (x,y) tends to (0,0)
NIKI
can we apply l hospitals rule for function of two variables
NIKI
why n does not equal -1
K.kupar Reply
ask a complete question if you want a complete answer.
Andrew
I agree with Andrew
Bg
f (x) = a is a function. It's a constant function.
Darnell Reply
Practice Key Terms 3

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Source:  OpenStax, Calculus volume 1. OpenStax CNX. Feb 05, 2016 Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11964/1.2
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