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Blood pressure

This photo shows a nurse taking a woman’s blood pressure with a blood pressure cuff. The nurse is pumping the cuff with her right hand and holding a stethoscope on the patient’s arm with her left hand.
A proficiency in anatomy and physiology is fundamental to any career in the health professions. (credit: Bryan Mason/flickr)

Chapter objectives

After studying this chapter, you will be able to:

  • Distinguish between anatomy and physiology, and identify several branches of each
  • Describe the structure of the body, from simplest to most complex, in terms of the six levels of organization
  • Identify the functional characteristics of human life
  • Identify the four requirements for human survival
  • Define homeostasis and explain its importance to normal human functioning
  • Use appropriate anatomical terminology to identify key body structures, body regions, and directions in the body
  • Compare and contrast at least four medical imagining techniques in terms of their function and use in medicine

Though you may approach a course in anatomy and physiology strictly as a requirement for your field of study, the knowledge you gain in this course will serve you well in many aspects of your life. An understanding of anatomy and physiology is not only fundamental to any career in the health professions, but it can also benefit your own health. Familiarity with the human body can help you make healthful choices and prompt you to take appropriate action when signs of illness arise. Your knowledge in this field will help you understand news about nutrition, medications, medical devices, and procedures and help you understand genetic or infectious diseases. At some point, everyone will have a problem with some aspect of his or her body and your knowledge can help you to be a better parent, spouse, partner, friend, colleague, or caregiver.

This chapter begins with an overview of anatomy and physiology and a preview of the body regions and functions. It then covers the characteristics of life and how the body works to maintain stable conditions. It introduces a set of standard terms for body structures and for planes and positions in the body that will serve as a foundation for more comprehensive information covered later in the text. It ends with examples of medical imaging used to see inside the living body.

Exam PDF eBook: 
BOD- Cardio Quiz
Download BOD- Exam PDF eBook
24 Pages
2014
English US
Educational Materials



Sample Questions from the BOD- Cardio Quiz Exam

Question: What is the difference between vein and artery?

Choices:

Veins have thicker tunica media and have valves.

Arteries have thicker tunica media and have valves.

Veins have thinner tunica media and have valves.

Arteries have thinner tunica media and have valves.

Veins have more blood pressure than arteries.

Question: What is the function of vasa vasorum?

Choices:

provide blood supply for the walls of large vessels (tunica adventitia and tunica media)

provide blood supply for the walls of the heart (myocardium and epicardium)

provide blood supply to the veins only

provide blood supply to arteries only

harry potter spell

Question: Malignant catarrhal fever is a good example of a cause of vasculitis. True /False

Choices:

True

False

Question: What controls the blood pressure regulation?

Choices:

Parasympathetic NS

Sympathethic NS

Question: Which layer of blood vessels functions in blood pressure regulation?

Choices:

Tunica intima

Tunica media

Tunica adventitia

vasa vasorum

internal elastic membrane

Question: Which of the following describes a capillary?

Choices:

contains tunica intima, tunica media, and tunica adventitia

contains tunica intima, tunica media but lacks tunica adventitia

contains tunica intima, tunica adventitia but lacks tunica media

contains endothelium but lacks both tunica media and tunica adventitia

Question: Which layer of blood vessels functions in coagulation and inflammation?

Choices:

Tunica intima

Tuinica media

Tunica adventitia

Vasa vasorum

external elastic membrane

Question: Clotted blood that is attached to the vessel wall is known as ____________________.

Choices:

Aneurism

Emboli

Thrombosis

Vasculitis

Fistula

Question: Which of the following is NOT a cause of pulmonary hypertension?

Choices:

High altitude with low oxygen in inspired air.

Emphysema with loss alveolar capillaries.

Left to right shunts of blood

Right Heart Failure

All are causes of pulmonary hypertension.

Question: What is the term for weakening and out pocketing of a vessel wall?

Choices:

Thombus

Aneurism

Embolus

Infarct

Arteriosclerosis

Question: Which of the following does NOT cause thrombosis?

Choices:

weak outpocketing of vessel wall from parasite damage

low grade bacteremia from dental disease

septic shock

changes in flow, procoagulant conditions

abnormal intimal surface

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