Biology 01 The Study of Life MCQ

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Photo depicts Earth from space.
This NASA image is a composite of several satellite-based views of Earth. To make the whole-Earth image, NASA scientists combine observations of different parts of the planet. (credit: NASA/GSFC/NOAA/USGS)

Viewed from space, Earth offers no clues about the diversity of life forms that reside there. The first forms of life on Earth are thought to have been microorganisms that existed for billions of years in the ocean before plants and animals appeared. The mammals, birds, and flowers so familiar to us are all relatively recent, originating 130 to 200 million years ago. Humans have inhabited this planet for only the last 2.5 million years, and only in the last 200,000 years have humans started looking like we do today.

Unit 1. The Chemistry of Life MCQ Multiple Choices Questions Quiz Test Bank

Chapter1: The Study of Life

1.1 The Science of Biology

1.2 Themes and Concepts of Biology

Quiz PDF eBook: 
Biology 01 The Study of Life MCQ
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12 Pages
2015
English US
Educational Materials



Sample Questions from the Biology 01 The Study of Life MCQ Quiz

Question: The smallest unit of biological structure that meets the functional requirements of "living" is the ________.

Choices:

organ

organelle

cell

macromolecule

Question: The first forms of life on Earth were ________.

Choices:

plants

microorganisms

birds

dinosaurs

Question: A person notices that her houseplants that are regularly exposed to music seem to grow more quickly than those in rooms with no music. As a result, she determines that plants grow better when exposed to music. This example most closely resembles which type of reasoning?

Choices:

inductive reasoning

deductive reasoning

neither, because no hypothesis was made

both inductive and deductive reasoning

Question: A suggested and testable explanation for an event is called a ________.

Choices:

hypothesis

variable

theory

control

Question: Which of the following sequences represents the hierarchy of biological organization from the most inclusive to the least complex level?

Choices:

organelle, tissue, biosphere, ecosystem, population

organism, organ, tissue, organelle, molecule

organism, community, biosphere, molecule, tissue, organ

biosphere, ecosystem, community, population, organism

Question: The type of logical thinking that uses related observations to arrive at a general conclusion is called ________.

Choices:

deductive reasoning

the scientific method

hypothesis-based science

inductive reasoning

Question: Which of the following sciences is not considered a natural science?

Choices:

biology

astronomy

physics

computer science

Question: Viruses are not considered living because they ________.

Choices:

are not made of cells

lack cell nuclei

do not contain DNA or RNA

cannot reproduce

Question: The presence of a membrane-enclosed nucleus is a characteristic of ________.

Choices:

prokaryotic cells

eukaryotic cells

living organisms

bacteria

Question: The process of ________ helps to ensure that a scientist's research is original, significant, logical, and thorough.

Choices:

publication

public speaking

peer review

the scientific method

Question: A group of individuals of the same species living in the same area is called a(n) ________.

Choices:

family

community

population

ecosystem

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Source:  OpenStax College. Download for free at http://cnx.org/content/col11448/latest/
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