Anatomy & Physiology 01 Human Body MCQ Quiz

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Blood pressure

This photo shows a nurse taking a woman’s blood pressure with a blood pressure cuff. The nurse is pumping the cuff with her right hand and holding a stethoscope on the patient’s arm with her left hand.
A proficiency in anatomy and physiology is fundamental to any career in the health professions. (credit: Bryan Mason/flickr)

Chapter objectives

After studying this chapter, you will be able to:

  • Distinguish between anatomy and physiology, and identify several branches of each
  • Describe the structure of the body, from simplest to most complex, in terms of the six levels of organization
  • Identify the functional characteristics of human life
  • Identify the four requirements for human survival
  • Define homeostasis and explain its importance to normal human functioning
  • Use appropriate anatomical terminology to identify key body structures, body regions, and directions in the body
  • Compare and contrast at least four medical imagining techniques in terms of their function and use in medicine

Though you may approach a course in anatomy and physiology strictly as a requirement for your field of study, the knowledge you gain in this course will serve you well in many aspects of your life. An understanding of anatomy and physiology is not only fundamental to any career in the health professions, but it can also benefit your own health. Familiarity with the human body can help you make healthful choices and prompt you to take appropriate action when signs of illness arise. Your knowledge in this field will help you understand news about nutrition, medications, medical devices, and procedures and help you understand genetic or infectious diseases. At some point, everyone will have a problem with some aspect of his or her body and your knowledge can help you to be a better parent, spouse, partner, friend, colleague, or caregiver.

This chapter begins with an overview of anatomy and physiology and a preview of the body regions and functions. It then covers the characteristics of life and how the body works to maintain stable conditions. It introduces a set of standard terms for body structures and for planes and positions in the body that will serve as a foundation for more comprehensive information covered later in the text. It ends with examples of medical imaging used to see inside the living body.

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Anatomy & Physiology 01 Human Body MCQ Quiz
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22 Pages
2014
English US
Educational Materials



Sample Questions from the Anatomy & Physiology 01 Human Body MCQ Quiz Quiz

Question: A scientist wants to study how the body uses foods and fluids during a marathon run. This scientist is most likely a(n) ________.

Choices:

exercise physiologist

microscopic anatomist

regional physiologist

systemic anatomist

Question: Which of the following specialties might focus on studying all of the structures of the ankle and foot?

Choices:

microscopic anatomy

muscle anatomy

regional anatomy

systemic anatomy

Question: C.J. is stuck in her car during a bitterly cold blizzard. Her body responds to the cold by ________.

Choices:

increasing the blood to her hands and feet

becoming lethargic to conserve heat

breaking down stored energy

significantly increasing blood oxygen levels

Question: The body system responsible for structural support and movement is the ________.

Choices:

cardiovascular system

endocrine system

muscular system

skeletal system

Question: A collection of similar tissues that performs a specific function is an ________.

Choices:

organ

organelle

organism

organ system

Question: Which of the following statements about nutrients is true?

Choices:

All classes of nutrients are essential to human survival.

Because the body cannot store any micronutrients, they need to be consumed nearly every day.

Carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins are micronutrients.

Macronutrients are vitamins and minerals.

Question: Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is an important molecule because it ________.

Choices:

is the result of catabolism

release energy in uncontrolled bursts

stores energy for use by body cells

All of the above

Question: Humans have the most urgent need for a continuous supply of ________.

Choices:

food

nitrogen

oxygen

water

Question: Metabolism can be defined as the ________.

Choices:

adjustment by an organism to external or internal changes

process whereby all unspecialized cells become specialized to perform distinct functions

process whereby new cells are formed to replace worn-out cells

sum of all chemical reactions in an organism

Question: Cancer cells can be characterized as "generic" cells that perform no specialized body function. Thus cancer cells lack ________.

Choices:

differentiation

reproduction

responsiveness

both reproduction and responsiveness

Question: The smallest independently functioning unit of an organism is a(n) ________.

Choices:

cell

molecule

organ

tissue

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Disclaimer:  This course does NOT provide the education or experience needed for the diagnosing or treating any medical condition,

all site contents are provided as general information only and should not be taken as medical advice.

Source:  Human Body Anatomy & Physiology MCQ. OpenStax College. http://cnx.org/content/col11496/1.6/